Beyond Suffering: Commentary on "What (If Anything) Do We Owe Wild Animals" by Clare Palmer
Contributor(s):: Burghardt, Gordon M.
Retracting inconclusive research: lessons from the Seralini GM maize feeding study
Contributor(s):: Resnik, D. B.
In September 2012, Gilles-Eric Seralini and seven coauthors published an article in Food and Chemical Toxicology claiming that rats fed Roundup-resistant genetically modified maize alone, genetically modified maize with Roundup, or Roundup for 2 years had a higher percentage of tumors and kidney...
Dueling land ethics: uncovering agricultural stakeholder mental models to better understand recent land use conversion
Contributor(s):: Turner, B. L., Wuellner, M., Nichols, T., Gates, R.
The aim of this paper is to investigate how alternative land ethics of agricultural stakeholders may help explain recent land use changes. The paper first explores the historical development of the land ethic concept in the United States and how those ethics have impacted land use policy and use...
Operationalizing ethics in food choice decisions
Contributor(s):: Hepting, D. H., Jaffe, J., Maciag, T.
There is a large gap between attitude and action when it comes to consumer purchases of ethical food. Amongst the various aspects of this gap, this paper focuses on the difficulty in knowing enough about the various dimensions of food production, distribution and consumption to make an ethical...
Surgery or euthanasia - about dealing with stressed horse owners in a sensitive way - while considering animal welfare
Operation oder Euthanasie - vorm sensiblen Umgang mit dem gestressten Tierbesitzer unter Tierschutzgesichtspunkten
Contributor(s):: Schule, E.
"Loyals" and "optimizers": shedding light on the decision for or against organic agriculture among Swiss farmers
Contributor(s):: Mann, S., Gairing, M.
Economics and animal welfare in small animal veterinary practice: the case of genetic welfare problems
Contributor(s):: Yeates, J.
Ethical frameworks and farmer participation in controversial farming practices
Contributor(s):: Cardoso, S. P., James, H. S., Jr.
Veterinary opinions on refusing euthanasia: justifications and philosophical frameworks
Contributor(s):: Yeates, J. W., Main, D. C.
Euthanasia & thanatology in small animals
Contributor(s):: Heiblum Frid, M., Tejeda Perea, A.
An ethical toolkit for food companies: reflections on its use. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Deblonde, M., Graaff, R. de, Brom, F.
Nowadays many debates are going on that relate to the agricultural and food sector. It looks as if present technological and organizational developments within the agricultural and food sector are badly geared to societal needs and expectations. In this article we briefly present a toolkit for...
Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture
Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.
As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...
Consumer exit, voice, and loyalty: indicative, legitimation, and regulatory role in agricultural and food ethics
Contributor(s):: Newholm, T.
Disputes over agriculture and food production have occurred against a background of disputed authority with regard to governments, experts, and single issue pressure groups. Consumers have intervened in quite significant ways with many altering their buying patterns. The conventional assessment...
Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.
A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...
Developing the Ethical Matrix as a decision support framework: GM fish as a case study. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Kaiser, M., Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S.
The Ethical Matrix was developed to help decision-makers explore the ethical issues raised by agri-food biotechnologies. Over the decade since its inception the Ethical Matrix has been used by a number of organizations and the philosophical basis of the framework has been discussed and analyzed...
Ethical opportunities in global agriculture, fisheries, and forestry: the role for FAO
Contributor(s):: Macer, D. R. J., Bhardwaj, M., Maekawa, F., Niimura, Y.
A broad range of ethical issues in agriculture, fisheries, and forestry were identified by analysis of the literature and by interviews with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) staff. Issues include: sharing access to and preserving natural resources; introduction of new technology;...
Ethical tools to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Beekman, V., Brom, F. W. A.
This special issue of the Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics presents so-called ethical tools that are developed to support systematic public deliberations about the ethical aspects of agricultural biotechnologies. This paper clarifies the intended connotations of the term 'ethical...
Ethics of sustainable development - a study of Swedish regulations for genetically modified organisms
Contributor(s):: Karlsson, M.
In spite of stricter provisions in the new EU directive on deliberate release of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), critics still advocate a moratorium on permits for cultivation of GMOs. However, in an attempt to meet concerns raised by the public, the directive explicitly gives Member...
Exploring the links between science, risk, uncertainty, and ethics in regulatory controversies about genetically modified crops
Contributor(s):: Carr, S., Levidow, L.
Just as a stream of genetically modified crops looked set to be approved for commercial production in the European Union, the approval procedure appears to have become bogged down once again by disagreements among and within member states. Old controversies have resurfaced in new forms. The...
The "revolving door" between regulatory agencies and industry: a problem that requires reconceptualizing objectivity
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z., Kuzma, J.
There is a "revolving door" between federal agencies and the industries regulated by them. Often, at the end of their industry tenure, key industry personnel seek employment in government regulatory entities and vice versa. The flow of workers between the two sectors could bring about good....