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  1. Using the incidence and impact of health conditions in guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in working dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Caron-Lormier, G., England, G. C. W., Green, M. J., Asher, L.

    This study aimed to use retirement data from working guide dogs to investigate healthy ageing in dogs and the demographic factors that influence ageing. Using a dataset of 7686 dogs spanning 20 years, dogs withdrawn for health reasons before they reached retirement were identified. Cases of...

  2. Using a dog demography field study to inform the development of an agent-based computer simulation. Evaluating owned dog population control interventions in a small, semi-urban community in Mexico

    | Contributor(s):: Luz Maria Kisiel

    This thesis evaluates the potential effects of different dog population control interventions in a small, semi-urban community in Mexico. First, a cross-sectional study was conducted to characterize dog ecology and demography in Villa de Tezontepec, Hidalgo. Approximately 65% of the households...

  3. Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.

    It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...

  4. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    | Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  5. The effects of demographics and pet ownership on attachment towards and opinion about owned and unowned free-roaming cats

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie Elaine Ramon

    A telephone questionnaire was developed to collect information on pet owners, cat ownership patterns, and people's opinions about homeless pets. A 7-day observation log was also developed to gather information about free-roaming cats in Caldwell, TX. The objectives of this research were: (1)...

  6. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  7. Population demographic survey and ownership of pet dogs and cats from a small city of southern Brazil

    | Contributor(s):: Trapp, S. M., Maeda, M. S. C. de F., Kemper, B., Barca Junior, F. A., Freire, R. L., Pretto-Giordano, L. G., Headley, S. A.

    This study evaluated the population dynamics and ownerships of dogs and cats from the city of Jaguapita, southern Brazil. The human to dog and cat ratios were 4.6 and 21.5, respectively. Comparatively more dogs ( n=2,460) than cats ( n=571) were within the households and there were significantly...

  8. Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India

    | Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan

    Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...

  9. Companion animals in Thailand: human factors that predict sterilization of cats and dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Toukhsati, S. R., Phillips, C. J. C., Podberscek, A. L., Coleman, G. J.

    The prevalence of companion animal caregiving was estimated, and demographic and psychosocial factors that predict sterilization behaviors in caregivers in Thailand were identified. Thai nationals ( n=494) were recruited by random for the Culture and Human-Animal Interactions (CHAI) telephone...

  10. Stakeholder views on treating pain due to dehorning dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Robbins, J. A., Weary, D. M., Schuppli, C. A., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von

    A common and painful management practice undertaken on most dairy farms is dehorning young calves (also called 'disbudding' when done on calves less than about two months of age). Despite much evidence the practice is painful, and effective means available to mitigate this pain, it is frequently...

  11. Assessment of wildlife value orientations, state agency credibility, and tolerance for mountain lions in Iowa

    | Contributor(s):: Andrew L. Stephenson

    It is increasingly necessary for state agencies to incorporate the opinions of their constituents in wildlife management decision-making. Shifting demographics of Iowa's human population necessitate gathering information on stakeholders' beliefs and values toward wildlife. This project...

  12. Evaluating demographic models for goat domestication using mtDNA sequences

    | Contributor(s):: Gerbault, P., Powell, A., Thomas, M. G.

    Routes of migration and exchange are important factors in the debate about how the Neolithic transition spread into Europe. Studying the genetic diversity of livestock can help in tracing back some of these past events. Notably, domestic goat ( Capra hircus) did not have any wild progenitors (...

  13. The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases

    | Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.

    Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...

  14. Characteristics of owned dogs on the island of New Providence, The Bahamas

    | Contributor(s):: Fielding, W. J., Plumridge, S. J.

    This study reports the findings from street interviews on owned dogs (N=442) in New Providence, The Bahamas. Many households kept dogs outside, and roughly 43% of households allowed at least 1 dog to roam. Dogs kept inside most likely were considered a companion, whereas dogs used for security...

  15. Current attitudes toward, and incidence of, sterilization of cats and dogs by caregivers (owners) in Auckland, New Zealand

    | Contributor(s):: McKay, S. A., Farnworth, M. J., Waran, N. K.

    This study distributed a questionnaire to cat or dog caregivers (owners) throughout Auckland, New Zealand, to investigate the attitudes of human companions toward the sterilization of their cats and dogs and the degree to which this occurs relative to demographic information gathered. A total of...

  16. Dog keeping in Taiwan: its contribution to the problem of free-roaming dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Hsu, YuYing, Severinghaus, L. L., Serpell, J. A.

    This study conducted a quantitative ethnographic analysis of the influence of demographic factors and early experience (childhood exposure to dogs) on Taiwanese dog-keeping practices and behaviour. A telephone survey of a randomly selected sample of 2001 Taiwan residents between 29 November and...

  17. Owner attachment and problem behaviors related to relinquishment and training techniques of dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Kwan, J. Y., Bain, M. J.

    Problematic behaviors are a significant reason for relinquishment, and relinquished dogs are more likely to have problem behaviors. This study utilized standardized surveys of owners (companion animal guardians) relinquishing their dogs to shelters and dog owners visiting vaccination clinics....

  18. Siamangs ( Hylobates syndactylus ) and white-cheeked gibbons ( Hylobates leucogenys ) show few behavioral differences related to zoo attendance

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, K. N., Kuhar, C. W.

    The effect of visitors on behavior and welfare of nonhuman animals in the zoo has been an active research topic during the last few decades. Although research has variously shown negative or positive impacts of zoo visitors on animals in captivity, previous primate research at Disney's Animal...

  19. Assessing the prevalence and characteristics of hair-plucking behaviour in captive western lowland gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla)

    | Contributor(s):: Less, E. H., Kuhar, C. W., Lukas, K. E.

  20. Attitudes toward responsible pet ownership behaviors in Singaporean cat owners

    | Contributor(s):: Gunaseelan, S., Coleman, G. J., Toukhsati, S. R.