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  1. Grief severity: A comparison between human and companion animal death

    Contributor(s):: Lavorgna, B. F., Hutton, V. E.

    Grief severity was investigated and compared amongst 50 participants aged 18 to 65 years who had experienced the death of a human (n = 35) or the death of a companion animal (n = 15). Participants were recruited in Australia and completed an on-line self-report questionnaire package, measuring...

  2. A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland

    Contributor(s):: Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise

    Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...

  3. Effect of Visitor Perspective on Adoption Decisions at One Animal Shelter

    Contributor(s):: Southland, Anastacia, Dowling-Guyer, Seana, McCobb, Emily

    This study investigated the visitor experience at one urban animal shelter. While several previous studies have examined the reasons particular nonhuman animals are chosen by adopters, few have investigated the possible reasons one would visit a shelter and leave without adopting. Over a...

  4. An Assessment of Welfare Conditions in Wildlife Markets across Morocco

    Contributor(s):: Bergin, Daniel, Nijman, Vincent

    The welfare of wild-caught animals in markets has generally been overlooked by both wildlife trade and welfare studies, despite the potential negative impacts on the animals. Morocco is a member of the World Organisation for Animal Health and has proposed draft legislation prohibiting...

  5. A Qualitative Analysis of Pets as Suicide Protection for Older People

    Contributor(s):: Young, Janette, Bowen-Salter, Holly, O’Dwyer, Lisel, Stevens, Kristen, Nottle, Carmel, Baker, Amy

    An unanticipated finding during research on the role that pets play in the health of older adults was that pets had protected some from suicide. Given that older people are more vulnerable to fatal first attempts, understanding protective factors in this population is vital. Twelve older adults...

  6. The Beginning, the End, and All the Happiness in Between: Pet Owners’ Wellbeing from Pet Acquisition to Death

    Contributor(s):: Brkljačić, Tihana, Sučić, Ines, Lučić, Lana, Tkalić, Renata Glavak, Lipovčan, Ljiljana Kaliterna

    The aim of this study was to provide deeper insight into the relationship between pet-related life events and the subjective wellbeing of pet owners, as well as to analyze definitions of happiness that included reference to pets. This research was conducted online as a part of the Croatian...

  7. Lancaster Pet Cemetery Memorial Plaques 1951–2018: An Analysis of Inscriptions

    Contributor(s):: Auster, Carol J., Auster-Gussman, Lauren J., Carlson, Emma C.

    Individuals in many cultures have a close relationship with their pets and think of them not only as companion animals but also as family. Research on the ways in which people memorialize their deceased pets has become increasingly important, and pet cemetery gravestone inscriptions have provided...

  8. The State of Research on Human–Animal Relations: Implications for Human Health

    Contributor(s):: Wells, Deborah L.

    Since the late 1970s, scientific evidence has accumulated showing that pet ownership can have positive effects on people’s physical and mental wellbeing. This paper reviews the current state of affairs regarding the relationship between companion animals and human health, focusing on both the...

  9. Reptile Ownership in Balkan Countries: Demographics and Reliance on Veterinary Advice

    Contributor(s):: Vučinić, Marijana, Hajzler, Ivana, Terzin, Jelena, Nenadović, Katarina, Janković, Ljiljana, Voslarova, Eva, Vučićević, Miloš

    The objective of the research was to determine the profile of reptile owners (n = 238) in terms of their socio-demographic characteristics and evaluations of veterinarians’ expertise. Reptile owners living in four non-EU Balkan countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia)...

  10. We Are Family: Viewing Pets as Family Members Improves Wellbeing

    Contributor(s):: McConnell, Allen R., Lloyd, E. Paige, Humphrey, Brandon T.

    The current work investigated how viewing one’s pet as a family member improves wellbeing. We hypothesized that including pets in a key social ingroup (i.e., family) would increase ascriptions of socially supportive traits to these animals, enhancing their perceived ability to provide social...

  11. Loneliness, Depression, and Physical Activity in Older Adults: The Therapeutic Role of Human–Animal Interactions

    Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, Cheryl A., Gulick, Elise E., Basin, Basilia

    The global population of older persons is projected in 2050 to reach approximately 2.1 billion. As people age, feelings of loneliness, depression, and physical inactivity often occur due to a multitude of reasons. These feelings may manifest and cause adverse health outcomes. With the predicted...

  12. The Pets of Hurricane Matthew: Evacuation and Sheltering with Companion Animals

    Contributor(s):: Farmer, Ashley K., DeYoung, Sarah E.

    The purpose of this research was to understand the ways in which ownership of companion animals influences evacuation decision-making, using Hurricane Matthew of 2016 as a case study. Using stated-choice surveys, this research identifies behavioral decisions made during and after the evacuations...

  13. Does Viewing a Picture of a Pet During a Mental Arithmetic Task Lower Stress Levels?

    Contributor(s):: Ein, Natalie, Hadad, Marilyn, Reed, Maureen J., Vickers, Kristin

    Pets can reduce stress in their owner; however, they are not always permitted in public and institutional places. This study examined the impact of people viewing a picture of their pet versus other images on stress levels. One hundred and twenty participants were randomly assigned to one of six...

  14. Pets in the Lives of Older Adults: A Life Course Perspective

    Contributor(s):: Bibbo, Jessica, Curl, Angela L., Johnson, Rebecca A.

    This study employed the life course perspective to investigate the convergence of two demographic shifts: the aging of the population and the increase of pet ownership. Specifically, we examined whether pet ownership, the degree of bond with a pet, and reasons for and against pet ownership...

  15. An Exploratory Study of Human–Dog Co-sleeping Using Actigraphy: Do Dogs Disrupt Their Owner’s Sleep?

    Contributor(s):: Smith, Bradley P., Browne, Matthew, Mack, Jessica, Kontou, Thomas G.

    This exploratory study aimed to contribute to the limited research on human–animal co-sleeping by investigating the extent to which human sleep is disturbed by co-sleeping with a dog. Five female Australian dog owners and their dogs were fitted with activity monitors for seven nights. Raw...

  16. Protectors, Aggressors, and Kinfolk: Dogs in a Tribal Community

    Contributor(s):: Jervis, Lori L., Warren, Diane, Salois, Emily Matt, Ketchum, Scott, Tallbull, Gloria, Spicer, Paul

    Free-roaming dogs are a common phenomenon on many American Indian reservations as well as globally. Lack of canine restriction may be pathologized by outsiders, assumed to be a “problem” that reflects underlying individual or community dysfunction. Seldom investigated are the cultural logics...

  17. An Examination of Adult Women’s Sleep Quality and Sleep Routines in Relation to Pet Ownership and Bedsharing

    Contributor(s):: Hoffman, Christy L., Stutz, Kaylee, Vasilopoulos, Terrie

    People in many parts of the world commonly share their beds not only with human partners but also with dogs and cats. Self-report and actigraphy data have shown that sleeping with an adult human partner has both positive and negative impacts on human sleep, but there has been little exploration...

  18. Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance Influence Pet Choice and Pet-directed Behaviors

    Contributor(s):: Green, Jeffrey D., Coy, Anthony E., Mathews, Maureen A.

    Attachment theory is a useful lens through which to examine both perceptions and selection of companion animals. Study 1 compared perceptions of dogs and cats, and found that dogs were perceived as having more positive relationship qualities and secure attachment-related characteristics, whereas...

  19. Motivations for the Ownership of Captive Lemurs in Madagascar

    Contributor(s):: Reuter, Kim E., Schaefer, Melissa S.

    The live capture of primates is occurring throughout the tropics and can be a threat to their conservation. Primates are owned as pets for a variety of reasons. Studies of the motivations for primate ownership have been conducted in several countries where they are endemic, but no study has...

  20. The Roles of Pet Dogs and Cats in Human Courtship and Dating

    Contributor(s):: Gray, Peter B., Volsche, Shelly L., Garcia, Justin R., Fisher, Helen E.

    What role do companion animals play in the dating lives of single adults? As dogs and cats are increasingly viewed as family members, a person's pets may wield significant influence in partner choice. Here, we provide descriptive quantitative data on the role pets play in mate appraisal and mate...