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  1. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  2. Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher Sharpley, Nicola Veronese, Lee Smith, Guillermo F. López-Sánchez, Vicki Bitsika, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Vania Noventa, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik, Igor Grabovac, Sarah E. Jackson

    Background: This paper aims to examine associations between pet ownership and symptoms of depression in a large, population-based sample of older adults. Specifically, we tested whether: (i) people who report more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a pet; (ii) pet ownership protects...

  3. Effects of Dog Assisted Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Wijker, C., Leontjevas, R., Spek, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

  4. Dog Visiting Programs for Managing Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Borgi, M., Collacchi, B., Giuliani, A., Cirulli, F.

  5. Exploring the Effects of Pet Preference, Presence, and Personality on Depression Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Puskey, Jasmine L., Coy, Anthony E.

    Pets live in nearly two-thirds of US households and are thought to increase wellbeing. However, previous research is mixed regarding the extent to which pets actually provide benefits. One understudied factor that may help clarify these findings is pet preference, or the extent to which a person...

  6. Investigating putative depression-like states in the domestic dog: Does greater time spent displaying waking inactivity in the home kennel co-vary with negative judgment of ambiguity?

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Moesta, Alexandra, Wongsaengchan, Chanakarn, Harris, Hannah, Craigon, Peter J., Fureix, Carole

    Exposure to chronic stressors and/or traumatic events can trigger depression-like forms of waking inactivity in non-human species (mice, horses, primates) as well as clinical depression in humans. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of waking inactivity in the home...

  7. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  8. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  9. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

    Background Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, including four measures: loneliness, positive and negative affect, and...

  10. Canine-Assisted Therapy in Hospitalized Patients Awaiting Heart Transplantation

    | Contributor(s):: Snipelisky, D., Smidt, J., Gallup, S., Myrick, J., Bauer, B., Burton, M. C.

  11. Benefits, challenges, and needs of people living with cancer and their companion dogs: An exploratory study

    | Contributor(s):: Ingram, K. M., Cohen-Filipic, J.

  12. Dog Visiting Programs for Managing Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Borgi, Marta PhD, Collacchi, Barbara MSc, Giuliani, Alessandro PhD, Cirulli, Francesca PhD

  13. Preliminary efficacy of service dogs as a complementary treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in military members and veterans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: O'Haire, M. E., Rodriguez, K. E.

  14. Controlled clinical trial of canine therapy versus usual care to reduce patient anxiety in the emergency department

    | Contributor(s):: Kline, J. A., Fisher, M. A., Pettit, K. L., Linville, C. T., Beck, A. M.

  15. Human-animal interaction as a social determinant of health: descriptive findings from the health and retirement study

    | Contributor(s):: Mueller, M. K., Gee, N. R., Bures, R. M.

  16. Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners

    | Contributor(s):: Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner

    Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...

  17. Domestic dogs' understanding of human emotional cues

    | Contributor(s):: Min Hooi Yong

    Past research has focused on the ability of domestic dogs to recognise human communicative cues such as human pointing, eye gaze, attachment behaviour, social learning, and responses to affective stimuli. However, there is still much to be learned about dogs’ ability to recognise human...

  18. Investigation of the Effects of Service Dogs on Individuals Who Use Wheelchairs

    | Contributor(s):: Amanda Marie Reinsfelder

    With modern medicine and advances in technology, people are living longer and expecting a higher quality of life. Individuals may not be receiving the ideal assistive devices because they are not sure where to obtain the proper equipment, or what is available. An increased flow of informational...

  19. Behavioral responses of nursing home residents to visits from a person with a dog, a robot seal or a toy cat

    | Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Sorensen, L. U., Videbech, P. B., Poulsen, P. H., Houbak, B., Damgaard, V., Keseler, I., Edwards, D., Christensen, J. W.

    Previous studies suggest that contact with dogs can positively affect the wellbeing of elderly people in nursing homes, but there is a lack of research investigating the causal pathways of these effects. One such pathway may relate to the behavioral responses of the elderly when interacting with...

  20. [Establishment of an Animal Based Therapy at a University Hospital for Psychiatry: Results of a Preliminary Study and Future Prospects]

    | Contributor(s):: Hartfiel, C., Bodatsch, M., Klosterkotter, J., Kuhn, J.