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  1. Depression, anxiety, and happiness in dog owners and potential dog owners during the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Francois Martin, Katherine E. Bachert, LeAnn Snow, Hsiao-Wei Tu, Julien Belahbib, Sandra A. Lyn

    Major life events, such as the COVID-19 pandemic, affect psychological and physiological health. Social support, or the lack thereof, can modulate these effects. The context of the COVID-19 pandemic offered a unique opportunity to better understand how dogs may provide social support for their...

  2. Dogs and the Good Life: A Cross-Sectional Study of the Association Between the Dog-Owner Relationship and Owner Mental Wellbeing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Merkouri, A., Graham, T. M., O'Haire, M. E., Purewal, R., Westgarth, C.

    Dog ownership is believed to benefit owner wellbeing but, contrary to popular belief, there is limited evidence to suggest that simply owning a dog is associated with improved mental health. This mixed-methods study investigates whether dog owners with stronger relationships with their dogs...

  3. The Effects of Pet Dog-Assisted Activities on Self-Esteem, Depression and Cognitive Function among Elderly People

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Esther Shin, Sung-Kook Lee

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of pet dog-assisted activities on self-esteem, depression and cognitive function of elderly people Method: The experimental group(pet dog-assisted group) consisted of 22 people over 65 years old out of about 90 elderly people...

  4. Paws for Thought Counselling

    Full-text: Available

  5. When Therapy Dogs Visit College Students, Is It Therapy?

    | Contributor(s):: Fleming, Colleen M.

  6. Can the Visits of Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) Influence the Mental Health (Anxiety and Depression) of Male Aging Patients Institutionalized with Dementia in Health Care Units? A Pilot Study of Madeira Island, Portugal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: S. Vasconcelos, J. Azevedo, C. Casanova, H. Jardim, D. Neto, S. Jardim, C. Viegas

    Despite the fact that in the last decades, several mental health studies have shown that companion animals contribute to psychological and social well- being in humans (e.g., positive impacts have been observed in the elderly medicated for chronic diseases such as anxiety, dementia, and...

  7. Could Greater Time Spent Displaying Waking Inactivity in the Home Environment Be a Marker for a Depression-Like State in the Domestic Dog?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Naomi D. Harvey, Alexandra Moesta, Sarah Kappel, Chanakarn Wongsaengchan, Hannah Harris, Peter J. Craigon, Carole Fureix

    Dogs exposed to aversive events can become inactive and unresponsive and are commonly referred to as being “depressed”, but this association remains to be tested. We investigated whether shelter dogs spending greater time inactive “awake but motionless” (ABM) in their...

  8. Pet ownership and symptoms of depression: A prospective study of older adults

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher Sharpley, Nicola Veronese, Lee Smith, Guillermo F. López-Sánchez, Vicki Bitsika, Jacopo Demurtas, Stefano Celotto, Vania Noventa, Pinar Soysal, Ahmet Turan Isik, Igor Grabovac, Sarah E. Jackson

    Background: This paper aims to examine associations between pet ownership and symptoms of depression in a large, population-based sample of older adults. Specifically, we tested whether: (i) people who report more depressive symptoms are more likely to own a pet; (ii) pet ownership protects...

  9. Effects of Dog Assisted Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Wijker, C., Leontjevas, R., Spek, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

  10. Dog Visiting Programs for Managing Depressive Symptoms in Older Adults: A Meta-Analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Borgi, M., Collacchi, B., Giuliani, A., Cirulli, F.

  11. Exploring the Effects of Pet Preference, Presence, and Personality on Depression Symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Puskey, Jasmine L., Coy, Anthony E.

    Pets live in nearly two-thirds of US households and are thought to increase wellbeing. However, previous research is mixed regarding the extent to which pets actually provide benefits. One understudied factor that may help clarify these findings is pet preference, or the extent to which a person...

  12. Investigating putative depression-like states in the domestic dog: Does greater time spent displaying waking inactivity in the home kennel co-vary with negative judgment of ambiguity?

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Moesta, Alexandra, Wongsaengchan, Chanakarn, Harris, Hannah, Craigon, Peter J., Fureix, Carole

    Exposure to chronic stressors and/or traumatic events can trigger depression-like forms of waking inactivity in non-human species (mice, horses, primates) as well as clinical depression in humans. This study aimed to test the hypothesis that elevated levels of waking inactivity in the home...

  13. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  14. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  15. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

    Background Dog ownership is suggested to improve mental well-being, although empirical evidence among community dog owners is limited. This study examined changes in human mental well-being following dog acquisition, including four measures: loneliness, positive and negative affect, and...

  16. Canine-Assisted Therapy in Hospitalized Patients Awaiting Heart Transplantation

    | Contributor(s):: Snipelisky, D., Smidt, J., Gallup, S., Myrick, J., Bauer, B., Burton, M. C.

  17. Benefits, challenges, and needs of people living with cancer and their companion dogs: An exploratory study

    | Contributor(s):: Ingram, K. M., Cohen-Filipic, J.

  18. Preliminary efficacy of service dogs as a complementary treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in military members and veterans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: O'Haire, M. E., Rodriguez, K. E.

    ObjectivePsychiatric service dogs are an emerging complementary treatment for military members and veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Yet despite anecdotal accounts of their value, there is a lack of empirical research on their efficacy. The current proof-of-concept study...

  19. Controlled clinical trial of canine therapy versus usual care to reduce patient anxiety in the emergency department

    | Contributor(s):: Kline, J. A., Fisher, M. A., Pettit, K. L., Linville, C. T., Beck, A. M.

  20. Depression, loneliness, and pet attachment in homebound older adult cat and dog owners

    | Contributor(s):: Sandy M. Branson, Lisa Boss, Stanley Cron, Dennis C. Turner

    Background: Companion animals may reduce depression and loneliness in socially isolated homebound older adults. However, whether owning a cat or dog is more beneficial in this population remains unknown.Materials and Methods: Pet attachment and the levels of depressive symptoms and loneliness...