The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Reinforcer effectiveness in dogs—The influence of quantity and quality
Contributor(s):: Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Thompson, Hannah, Burman, Oliver H. P.
Reinforcer effectiveness refers to the reinforcer’s ability to control the subject’s target behaviour and is therefore critical to training success. Yet animals’ preferences, and the effectiveness of different rewards to function as reinforcers, are often assumed without scientific investigation....
The nose may not know: Dogs’ reactions to rattlesnake odours
Contributor(s):: Mulholland, Michele M., Olivas, Victoria, Caine, Nancy G.
According to anecdotal reports from dog (Canis lupus familiaris) owners and data from veterinary studies, domestic dogs often fail to avoid, and indeed will approach, venomous snakes. Accordingly, we tested the hypothesis that odours associated with rattlesnakes will elicit investigation, but not...
Why do dogs play? Function and welfare implications of play in the domestic dog
Contributor(s):: Sommerville, Rebecca, O’Connor, Emily A., Asher, Lucy
Play is an enigmatic behaviour, the function of which is still debated, despite more than a century of research. We discuss the evolutionary function of play behaviour, focusing on the domestic dog (Canis familiaris), a unique species due to its past domestication and current cohabitation with...
Comparing two canine personality assessments: Convergence of the MCPQ-R and DPQ and consensus between dog owners and dog walkers
Contributor(s):: Posluns, Julie A., Anderson, Rita E., Walsh, Carolyn J.
Despite the number of emerging questionnaire-based canine personality assessments, there is still no consensus on the content and number of broad personality dimensions in domestic dogs. In the current study, we compared two canine personality questionnaires: The Monash Canine Personality...
Behaviour directed towards inaccessible food predicts consumption—A novel way of assessing food preference
Contributor(s):: Thompson, Hannah, Riemer, Stefanie, Ellis, Sarah L. H., Burman, Oliver H. P.
When determining an animal’s food preference based on comparative consumption, a major problem is the potential for individuals to over-eat, rendering subjects unavailable for subsequent tests as well as exposing them to potentially adverse health implications. Here, we explored alternative,...
Effect of training for dog fear identification on dog owner ratings of fear in familiar and unfamiliar dogs
Contributor(s):: Flint, Hannah E., Coe, Jason B., Pearl, David L., Serpell, James A., Niel, Lee
Scientific studies often assess aspects of dog behaviour, such as fear, via owner reports. More information on how accurate these ratings are for dogs displaying different levels of fear would be valuable. The current study assessed which fear behaviours dog owners are able to reliably recognize...
Gazing as a help requesting behavior: a comparison of dogs participating in animal-assisted interventions and pet dogs
Contributor(s):: Cavalli, C., Carballo, F., Dzik, M. V., Bentosela, M.
Effects of breed group and development on dogs' willingness to follow a human misleading advice
Contributor(s):: Barnard, S., Passalacqua, C., Pelosi, A., Valsecchi, P., Prato-Previde, E.
Cross-species referential signalling events in domestic dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Worsley, H. K., O'Hara, S. J.
The Way Humans Behave Modulates the Emotional State of Piglets
| Contributor(s):: Sophie Brajon, Jean-Paul Laforest, Océane Schmitt, Nicholas Devillers
The emotional state can influence decision-making under ambiguity. Cognitive bias tests (CBT) proved to be a promising indicator of the affective valence of animals in a context of farm animal welfare. Although it is well-known that humans can influence the intensity of fear and reactions of...
Dogs (Canis familiaris), but Not Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes), Understand Imperative Pointing
| Contributor(s):: Katharina C. Kirchhofer, Felizitas Zimmermann, Juliane Kaminski, Michael Tomasello
Chimpanzees routinely follow the gaze of humans to outside targets. However, in most studies using object choice they fail to use communicative gestures (e.g. pointing) to find hidden food. Chimpanzees' failure to do this may be due to several difficulties with this paradigm. They may, for...
The Pet Keeping Industry in the American City
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Irus Braverman
Two years ago, my now nine-year-old daughter decided that she, too, wants in on the American dream. A family without a dog is incomplete, so the dominant narrative around us seems to dictate – and that narrative was readily picked up by my daughter and, subsequently, by her younger sister...
Exploring the Gaps in Practical Ethical Guidance for Animal Welfare Considerations of Field Interventions and Innovations Targeting Dogs and Cats
| Contributor(s):: Louisa Tasker, Susan F Getty, Joyce R Briggs, Valerie A.W. Benka
Domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and cats (Felis silvestris catus) are common species targeted by nongovernmental or intergovernmental organizations, veterinarians and government agencies worldwide, for field interventions (e.g., population management, rabies vaccination programs) or...
An Exploration of Industry Expert Perception of Equine Welfare Using Vignettes
| Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Helen Hambly-Odame, Derek B. Haley, Katrina Merkies
As part of a larger Delphi survey project, equine professionals (n = 14) were presented with twelve short scenarios in which a horse’s welfare could be compromised. They were asked to rank each scenario (with 0 indicating no welfare concerns and 5 indicating a situation where immediate...
Facilitating an animal-assisted intervention program : the risks and rewards of working with animals in helping and educational settings
| Contributor(s):: Katelynn Couling
Humans and animals have been living and working together for centuries. The mutual relationship that developed lead professionals to begin incorporating animals into human services and education to enhance human wellness, a practice presently referred to as Animal-assisted Intervention (AAI). In...
Cognition and the Development of Social Cognition in the Domestic Dog (Canis Lupus Familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Camille Ward
We examined cognition and the development of social cognition in domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) with three studies. Study one focused on numerical competence in dogs and studies two and three addressed the development of social relationships among littermates. In the first study, we...
Anesthesia in some categories of patients and clinical conditionsAnestesia in alcune categorie di pazienti e condizioni cliniche
| Contributor(s):: Grazioli, O.
The author analyses anesthesia in the most frequent and risky clinical conditions, for which greater knowledge and attention in anesthetic management are required. In the final part, euthanasia is taken into account, because of its strategic importance, with emotional and psychological aspects...
Human-animal studies, G.H. Mead, and the question of animal minds
| Contributor(s):: Gallagher, T. J.
In the field of human-animal studies (HAS), also known as anthrozoology, the question of nonhuman animal minds is central. During the first three decades of the 20th century, the social psychological G.H. Mead was among the first to take an explicitly contemporary approach to the question of mind...
Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management
| Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.
It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
| Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...