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  1. Difficulties experienced by veterinarians when communicating about emerging zoonotic risks with animal owners: the case of Hendra virus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Diana H Mendez, Petra Büttner, Jenny Kelly, Madeleine Nowak, Rick Speare

    Background Communication skills are essential for veterinarians who need to discuss animal health related matters with their clients. When dealing with an emerging zoonosis, such as Hendra virus (HeV), veterinarians also have a legal responsibility to inform their clients about the associated...

  2. One world, one health, one virology of the mysterious labyrinth of coronaviruses: the canine coronavirus affair

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Annamaria Pratelli, Alessio Buonavoglia, Gianvito Lanave, Maria Tempesta, Michele Camero, Vito Martella, Nicola Decaro

    Human coronaviruses (HCoVs) often have animal origins and then adapt to humans by jumping directly or via an intermediate host. The emergence of SARS-CoV in 2003, MERS-CoV in 2012, and SARS-CoV-2 in late-2019, confirms that coronaviruses can cause severe-to-fatal disease and that bats are...

  3. Impact of disease characteristics and knowledge on public risk perception of zoonoses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Spence, C. E., Jenkins, S. C., Osman, M.

    Zoonoses represent a global public health threat. Understanding lay perceptions of risk associated with these diseases can better inform proportionate policy interventions that mitigate their current and future impacts. While individual zoonoses (e.g. bovine spongiform encephalopathy) have...

  4. A standardized instrument quantifying risk factors associated with bi-directional transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and other zoonotic pathogens: The COVID-19 human-animal interactions survey (CHAIS)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gass, J. D., Jr., Waite, K. B., Hill, N. J., Dalton, K. R., Sawatzki, K., Runstadler, J. A., Davis, M. F.

    Similar to many zoonotic pathogens which transmit from animals to humans, SARS-CoV-2 (CoV-2), the virus responsible for the COVID-19 pandemic, most likely originated in Rhinolophus bats before spreading among humans globally. Early into the pandemic, reports of CoV-2 diagnoses in animals from...

  5. Health Status of 'Community Cats' Living in the Tourist Area of the Old Town in Onomichi City, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Seo, Aira, Ueda, Yoshihide, Tanida, Hajime

  6. Zoonotic nematodes of wild carnivores

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Domenico Otranto, Peter Deplazes

    For a long time, wildlife carnivores have been disregarded for their potential in transmitting zoonotic nematodes. However, human activities and politics (e.g., fragmentation of the environment, land use, recycling in urban settings) have consistently favoured the encroachment of urban areas...

  7. Zoonoses: a potential obstacle to the growing wildlife industry of Namibia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kudakwashe Magwedere, Maria Y. Hemberger, Louw C. Hoffman, Francis Dziva

    Zoonoses, which account for approximately 75% of emerging human infectious diseases worldwide, pose a re-emerging threat to public health. With an ever-increasing interrelationship between humans, livestock and wildlife species, the threat to human health will rise to unprecedented levels....

  8. The role of religion in One Health. Lessons from the Hanuman langur (Semnopithecus entellus) and other human-non-human primate interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Vijayaraghavan, G., Tate, V., Gadre, V., Trivedy, C.

  9. Tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium orygis in wild ungulates in Chennai, South India

    | Contributor(s):: Refaya, A. K., Ramanujam, H., Ramalingam, M., Rao, G. V. S., Ravikumar, D., Sangamithrai, D., Shanmugam, S., Palaniyandi, K.

  10. Behavioral-biological surveillance of emerging infectious diseases among a dynamic cohort in Thailand

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Yadana, S., Cheun-Arom, T., Li, H., Hagan, E., Mendelsohn, E., Latinne, A., Martinez, S., Putcharoen, O., Homvijitkul, J., Sathaporntheera, O., Rattanapreeda, N., Chartpituck, P., Yamsakul, S., Sutham, K., Komolsiri, S., Pornphatthananikhom, S., Petcharat, S., Ampoot, W., Francisco, L., Hemachudha, T., Daszak, P., Olival, K. J., Wacharapluesadee, S.

    BACKGROUND: Interactions between humans and animals are the key elements of zoonotic spillover leading to zoonotic disease emergence. Research to understand the high-risk behaviors associated with disease transmission at the human-animal interface is limited, and few consider regional and local...

  11. Pet Owners' Perceptions of COVID-19, Zoonotic Disease, and Veterinary Medicine: The Impact of Demographic Characteristics

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Lavender, T. M., Reinhard, C. L., Watson, B.

    This study aimed to investigate the impact of sociodemographic characteristics on pet owners' concern about the transmission of zoonotic disease and SARS-CoV-2, and to describe owners' perceptions of veterinarians and physicians as resources for zoonoses information. Between September and...

  12. Canine-Assisted Interventions and the Relevance of Welfare Assessments for Human Health, and Transmission of Zoonosis: A Literature Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meers, L. L., Contalbrigo, L., Samuels, W. E., Duarte-Gan, C., Berckmans, D., Laufer, S. J., Stevens, V. A., Walsh, E. A., Normando, S.

    CAIs (canine-assisted interventions) include "canine-assisted therapy" in which a therapist sets client-oriented goals, 'canine-assisted activities' with recreational goals for clients, and 'canine-assisted education/learning' in which teachers or coaches create learning...

  13. Race, Zoonoses and Animal Assisted Interventions in Pediatric Cancer

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cotoc, C., Notaro, S.

    Emerging evidence accumulates regarding the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) in facilitating pediatric cancer treatment and alleviating symptomatology through positive changes in the patients' emotional, mental, and even physical status. A major concern expressed by...

  14. Risk Factors for SARS-CoV-2 Infection and Illness in Cats and Dogs(1)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bienzle, D., Rousseau, J., Marom, D., MacNicol, J., Jacobson, L., Sparling, S., Prystajecky, N., Fraser, E., Weese, J. S.

    We tested swab specimens from pets in households in Ontario, Canada, with human COVID-19 cases by quantitative PCR for SARS-CoV-2 and surveyed pet owners for risk factors associated with infection and seropositivity. We tested serum samples for spike protein IgG and IgM in household pets and...

  15. Report on zoonoses in Ireland 2004

    Full-text: Available

  16. Prioritizing Zoonotic Diseases for Multisectoral, One Health Collaboration in the United States

    Full-text: Available

  17. Human Relationships with Domestic and Other Animals: One Health, One Welfare, One Biology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: ArielM Tarazona, Maria C Ceballos, Donald M Broom

    Excessive human population growth, uncontrolled use of natural resources, including deforestation, mining, wasteful systems, biodiversity reduction by agriculture, and damaging climate change affect the existence of all animals, including humans. This discussion is now urgent and people are...

  18. Colonization of Dogs and Their Owners with Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius in Households, Veterinary Practices, and Healthcare Facilities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cuny, C., Layer-Nicolaou, F., Weber, R., Köck, R., Witte, W.

    There are uncertainties with respect to the transmission of methicillin-susceptible and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA and MRSA) and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius between dogs and humans. In this study, we investigated concomitant nasal colonization of...

  19. Contamination: The Case of Civets, Companionship, COVID, and SARS

    | Contributor(s):: Hooper, J.

    This research explores the intersection between zoonosis and the trade in wild animals by applying the Asian palm civet (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus) as a lens through which to analyse the ways humans and animals shape, and are shaped by, multi-species entanglements. Civets occupy a unique space...

  20. Prioritizing zoonotic diseases for multisectoral, one health collaboration in the United States : workshop summary

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (U.S.), United States. Department of the Interior., United States. Department of Agriculture

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) organized a One Health Zoonotic Disease Prioritization (OHZDP) workshop to further joint efforts to address zoonotic disease challenges in the...