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  1. Back to the Future: A Glance Over Wolf Social Behavior to Understand Dog–Human Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giada Cordoni, Elisabetta Palagi

    This review focuses on wolf sociobiology to delineate the traits of cooperative baggage driven by natural selection (wolf-wolf cooperation) and better understand the changes obtained by artificial selection (dog-human cooperation). We selected some behaviors of the dog’s...

  2. Socioeconomic Influences on Reports of Canine Welfare Concerns to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) in Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Human–dog relationships are an important contributor to the welfare of dogs, but little is known about the importance of socioeconomic status of the dogs’ owners. We conducted a retrospective study of canine welfare complaints, using Australian government statistics on the...

  3. Dog-bites, rabies and One Health: Towards improved coordination in research, policy and practice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Melanie J. Rock, Dawn Rault, Chris Degeling

    Dog-bites and rabies are neglected problems worldwide, notwithstanding recent efforts to raise awareness and to consolidate preventive action. As problems, dog-bites and rabies are entangled with one another, and both align with the concept of One Health. This concept emphasizes interdependence...

  4. HOPE is a 4-Legged Word: How Service Dogs Can Help Veterans Suffering from Combat-Related Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Holly Katherine Robinson

    As the rate of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) continues to increase among our veterans returning from the War on Terror, the need for alternative treatment options is becoming more critical. One such alternative is the use of psychiatric service dogs specially trained to assist those...

  5. Behavioral Changes in Dogs With Idiopathic Epilepsy Compared to Other Medical Populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilary Levitin, Devon Wallis Hague, Kelly C. Ballantyne, Laura E. Selmic

    Anxiety related behaviors have been reported in humans diagnosed with idiopathic epilepsy (IE) and such traits may be altered depending on seizure phase. The purpose of this study was to determine the presence and severity of anxiety related behaviors in dogs with IE compared to other medical...

  6. Pawsitive Teams

    Full-text: Available

    Pawsitive Teams was founded in 1997 with a desire to be a volunteer-inspired and volunteer-run organization designed to promote the use of well-trained dogs to improve the lives of San Diegans. Our volunteer service dog trainers spend two years with their canine charges prior to placement with...

  7. Big Red Dog Animal Assisted Therapy Group

    Full-text: Available

    Big Red Dog is a small, volunteer-based organization located in Southeast Iowa. We provide hourly, on-site canine assisted therapy services to groups as well as individuals. The organization currently has two therapy dogs which visit as a team or individually. Big Red Dog Therapy Group was...

  8. Shelters Reflect but Cannot Solve Underlying Problems with Relinquished and Stray Animals—A Retrospective Study of Dogs and Cats Entering and Leaving Shelters in Denmark from 2004 to 2017

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Peter Sandøe, Janne B.H. Jensen, Frank Jensen, Søren Saxmose Nielsen

    Data covering about 90% of the estimated intake of dogs and cats to Danish shelters from 2004 to 2017 were used to study the effects of tight control of dogs and of efforts to increase shelter services for unwanted or stray cats. During the period, there was a low and decreasing intake of dogs,...

  9. Human Induced Rotation and Reorganization of the Brain of Domestic Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taryn Roberts, Paul McGreevy, Michael Valenzuela

    Domestic dogs exhibit an extraordinary degree of morphological diversity. Such breed-to-breed variability applies equally to the canine skull, however little is known about whether this translates to systematic differences in cerebral organization. By looking at the paramedian sagittal magnetic...

  10. Dog Therapy Day at NWCCC

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Lang

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) provides great beneficial opportunities for individuals within the prison population. Many research studies display the effectiveness of AAT programs in prison settings through their results. The results showed improved moods, decreased stress levels, and increased...

  11. The Role of Oxytocin in the Dog–Owner Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sarah Marshall-Pescini, Franka S. Schaebs, Alina Gaugg, Anne Meinert, Tobias Deschner, Friederike Range

    Oxytocin (OT) is involved in multiple social bonds, from attachment between parents and offspring to “friendships”. Dogs are an interesting species in which to investigate the link between the oxytocinergic system and social bonds since they establish preferential bonds with their...

  12. The Sleep of Shelter Dogs Was Not Disrupted by Overnight Light Rather than Darkness in a Crossover Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Houpt, Hollis N. Erb, Genaro A. Coria-Avila

    Dogs in shelters may be unattended at night. The purpose of this study is to describe the night-time behavior of dogs in a shelter and to determine if artificial light affected their sleeping patterns. Ten dogs were video-recorded under both light and dark conditions and their behavior recorded...

  13. Considerations for Recommending Service Dogs versus Emotional Support Animals for Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Macy Porter, Melissa Y. Winkle, Ellen Herlache-Pretzer

    Background: Health care providers must understand factors that may guide the decision-making process for determining whether a veteran with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is appropriate for a service dog (SD) versus an emotional support animal (ESA), and assist SD training organizations...

  14. Can the Visits of Dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) Influence the Mental Health (Anxiety and Depression) of Male Aging Patients Institutionalized with Dementia in Health Care Units? A Pilot Study of Madeira Island, Portugal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: S. Vasconcelos, J. Azevedo, C. Casanova, H. Jardim, D. Neto, S. Jardim, C. Viegas

    Despite the fact that in the last decades, several mental health studies have shown that companion animals contribute to psychological and social well- being in humans (e.g., positive impacts have been observed in the elderly medicated for chronic diseases such as anxiety, dementia, and...

  15. Weber's Law and the Scalar Property of Timing: A Test of Canine Timing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessica H. Cliff, Surrey M. K. Jackson, James S. McEwan, Lewis A. Bizo

    Domestic dogs completed a temporal bisection procedure that required a response to one lever following a light stimulus of short duration and to another lever following a light stimulus of a longer duration. The short and long durations across the four conditions were (0.5–2.0 s,...

  16. Invisible Paw Prints

    Full-text: Available

    Invisible Paw Prints, Inc., is an organization led by compassionate volunteers who use their canine companions to provide heartwarming visits in support of local community organizations.  

  17. Developing and Assessing the Validity of a Scale to Assess Pet Dog Quality of Life: Lincoln P-QoL

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sophie S. Hall, Beverley J. Brown, Daniel S. Mills

    There has been little investment in exploring the impact of the child-dog relationship on the dog. Since child-dog interactions can pose potentially serious threats to a dog’s physical and psychological health, as well as the wider satisfaction of the owner with their dog, we describe...

  18. The Impact of Animals with Struggling Readers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Heyer

    The purpose of this thesis was to evaluate the impact that dogs have with students that struggle with reading. Several programs have been implemented where students spend time reading books to dogs. During these reading sessions, students tend to be more relaxed and confident with their...

  19. Revisiting a Previously Validated Temperament Test in Shelter Dogs, Including an Examination of the Use of Fake Model Dogs to Assess Conspecific Sociability

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shanis Barnard, Danielle Kennedy, Reuben Watson, Paola Valsecchi, Gareth Arnott

    This study assessed the feasibility and reproducibility of a previously validated temperament test (TT) for shelter dogs. The test was developed to measure dog behaviour in the kennel, and traits of sociability towards people and other dogs, docility to leash, playfulness, cognitive skills, and...

  20. Sex differences in the herding styles of working sheepdogs and their handlers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erin Kydd, Paul McGreevy

    Working sheepdog trials test the attributes of dogs as well as the dogmanship and stockmanship skills of handlers. They generally include standard elements such as outrun, lift, fetch, drive, shed, pen and single to test all facets of the work that dogs perform on a farm. While both male and...