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  1. Contexts and consequences of dog bite incidents

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: James Andrew Oxley, Rob Christley, Carri Westgarth

    Dog bites are a contentious issue within the United Kingdom due to their effect on public health and increasing incidence. Despite multiple expert-led dog bite prevention schemes being available, there is limited evidence regarding the surrounding factors and likely causes of a dog bite (e.g.,...

  2. Evaluation of an open source method for calculating physical activity in dogs from harness and collar based sensors

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, C. Ladha

    Background: The ability to make objective measurements of physical activity in dogs has both clinical and research applications. Accelerometers offer a non-intrusive and convenient solution. Of the commercialy available sensors, measurements are commonly given in manufacturer bespoke units and...

  3. How many people have been bitten by dogs? A cross-sectional survey of prevalence, incidence and factors associated with dog bites in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Megan Brooke, Robert M Christley

    Background Dog bite studies are typically based on hospital records and may be biased towards bites requiring significant medical treatment. This study investigated true dog bite prevalence and incidence at a community-level and victim-related risk factors, in order to inform policy and...

  4. Portion size and meal consumption in domesticated dogs: An experimental study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Inge Kersbergen, Alexander J. German, Carri Westgarth, Eric Robinson

    Increases in food portion sizes have been identified as a possible contributor to the increased prevalence of obesity in humans. However, little is known about the origin of behavioural tendencies to overeat from larger portion sizes or whether other non-human animals are affected by meal...

  5. Dog owners are more likely to meet physical activity guidelines than people without a dog: An investigation of the association between dog ownership and physical activity levels in a UK community

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carri Westgarth, Robert M. Christley, Christopher Jewell, Alexander J.German, Lynne M. Boddy, Hayley E. Christian

    Previous research suggests that dog owners are slightly more physically active than those without dogs, but have only studied one household member, and it is unclear whether time spent dog walking replaces other physical activity (PA). A survey of 191 dog owning adults (DO), 455 non-dog owning...

  6. Evidence of large genetic influences on dog ownership in the Swedish Twin Registry has implications for understanding domestication and health associations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Keith Dobney, Carri Westgarth, Patrik K. E. Magnusson

    Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog...

  7. Dogs & Society: Anglo-American Sociological Perspectives (1865-1934)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Michael R. Hill, Mary Jo Deegan

    HUMANS AND DOGS have a long, wonderful and sometimes problematic association. At a personal level, dogs have been integral to our lives, and our parents’ lives, for as long as the two of us can remember. As sociologists, we also recognize that dogs are important at the macro level. Here,...

  8. Zen and the Art of Training Your Dog

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kenny Lamberti

    Ditch the rulebook and follow your instincts when teaching your dog

  9. Effective Multidisciplinary Search Strategies for Assistance Animals: A Librarian's Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Erik Davis Fausak

    Successful search strategies are based on good background knowledge and a focused clinical research question. Due to the multidisciplinary nature of research involving assistance animals means there is no one universal database to answer all research questions. The topic of assistance animals...

  10. The Effects of Canine Assisted Therapy on Emotionally Stressed Undergraduate College Students: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mackenzie Hansen

    Objective: This systematic review was conducted to review how canine assisted therapy affects emotional stress in undergraduate college students. Methods: Articles were screened on CINAHL and PubMed databases for relationship between canine assisted therapy intervention and emotional stress...

  11. I was not born with a mask!

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    Year 2020. The Mankind “evolved” frighteningly (in the broadest sense of this word); It created wings, conquered other planets, played God by manipulating DNA and the atom. Today, it is very “natural” to use a smartphone, but it seems ridiculous to hear the silence and...

  12. Animals and THE POLICE

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    ANIMALS AND THE POLICE:much more than mascotsThe partnership between the equine / canine / human species, their benefits for the maintenance of social order and public security and the role of police forces in education for the respect of animals and their responsible...

  13. Let's rethink our society, which recycle CANS and discards living beings

    | Contributor(s):: Erasmo de Oliveira

    “Let’s rethink our society, which recycleCANS and discards living beings”ErasmodeOliveira(Animal Defender)Adoption of stray animals is a big social medicament, a factor to increase quality of life, which solves the abandonment of animals, avoids accidents of...

  14. Dog walking among adolescents: Correlates and contribution to physical activity.

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jessa K. Engelberg, Jordan A. Carlson, Terry L. Conway, Kelli L. Cain, Brian E. Saelens

    PURPOSE: To assess the association of dog walking with adolescents' moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and body mass index (BMI), and identify correlates of dog walking. METHODS/DESIGN: Participants were 12-17year-olds (n=925) from the Baltimore, MD and Seattle, WA regions....

  15. Dog Movie Stars and Dog Breed Popularity: A Case Study in Media Influence on Choice

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stefano Ghirlanda, Alberto Acerbi, Harold Herzog

    Fashions and fads are important phenomena that influence many individual choices. They are ubiquitous in human societies, and have recently been used as a source of data to test models of cultural dynamics. Although a few statistical regularities have been observed in fashion cycles, their...

  16. Food Preferences in Dogs: Effect of Dietary Composition and Intrinsic Variables on Diet Selection

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Raúl A. Alegría-Morán, Sergio A. Guzmán-Pino, Juan Ignacio Egaña, Carem Muñoz, Jaime Figueroa

    A ten-year food preference database (2007–2017) was used to relate food selection in dogs to the nutritional components of diets by doing a principal component analysis (PCA) and a linear regression between components obtained and dogs’ preferences. Intake and preference of...

  17. Papillomavirus DNA is not Amplifiable from Bladder, Lung, or Mammary Gland Cancers in Dogs or Cats

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: John S. Munday, Chloe B. MacLachlan, Matthew R. Perrott, Danielle Aberdein

    Papillomaviruses (PVs) cause around 5% of all human cancers, including most cervical cancers and around a quarter of all oral cancers. Additionally, some studies have suggested that PVs could cause a proportion of human lung, breast, and bladder cancers. As PVs have been associated with skin...

  18. Behavioral Interventions as an Adjunctive Treatment for Canine Epilepsy: A Missing Part of the Epilepsy Management Toolkit?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rowena M. A. Packer, Sarah L. Hobbs, Emily J. Blackwell

    Epilepsy is a common, complex and often challenging neurological disorder to treat in the dog, with 20–30% of dogs resistant to conventional medical therapies, and associated with cognitive and behavioral comorbidities and early death. Behavioral interventions are an emerging area of...

  19. Redefining Shelter: Fostering Human/Canine Relationships Through a New Typology

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sabrina Nagel

    This thesis explores how design settings foster rehabilitation in humans and canines through mutual interaction. A synergy must be created between the 3.3 million dogs put into shelters in the U.S. every year (ASPCA) and the 11-20% of children in the U.S. who have a mental disorder (CDC). An...

  20. Antimicrobial Prescriptions for Dogs in the Capital of Spain

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bárbara Gómez-Poveda, Miguel A. Moreno

    Objective: To characterize antimicrobial prescription patterns for dogs in veterinary practices in Spain using the city of Madrid as a model. Design: Retrospective survey. Settings: Dogs attending veterinary practices in the city of Madrid in 2017 were...