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  1. Evidence of large genetic influences on dog ownership in the Swedish Twin Registry has implications for understanding domestication and health associations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Keith Dobney, Carri Westgarth, Patrik K. E. Magnusson

    Dogs were the first domesticated animal and, according to the archaeological evidence, have had a close relationship with humans for at least 15,000 years. Today, dogs are common pets in our society and have been linked to increased well-being and improved health outcomes in their owners. A dog...

  2. The Role of Man's Best Friend: Assessing the Cultural Liminality of the Canis Lupus Familiars and Its Influence on Human Societies

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julianne L. D'Amico

    This project combines history and folklore to illuminate the concept of liminality and the human-dog relationship as it has evolved since the species domestication. The lore highlights the permanent liminality of the dog, the use of the species as remedies in Folk Medicine, and the dog's...

  3. Experimental Tibetan monkey domestication and its application for intraocular pressure measurement

    AIM: To train Tibetan monkey (Macaca thibetana) for intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement in conscious state and obtain normal IOP in conscious Tibetan Macaque.    METHODS: The training was based on award-conditioned behavior. Food stimulation and human-animal interaction...

  4. Cats and domestication – a road less travelled

    | Contributor(s):: Claire Hargrave

    Cats are the favoured domestic companion in the USA and their numbers are closely approaching that status in the UK. Yet the cat’s motivation for their behaviours, particularly those that stretch the limits of the human–cat bond, remain a mystery to many owners. By looking at the...

  5. How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs

    | Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal

    A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...

  6. The care of dogs and puppies

    The companionship between man and dog has been strong for many years with proof given in the Bible, Matthew 15:27 " ... but even the dogs feed on the crumbs which fall from the master's table." Egyptians undoubtedly loved their dogs as pictures of hunting scenes with dogs...

  7. Horsebreakers, Tamers, and Trainers: An Historical, Psychological, and Social Review

    | Contributor(s):: Sharon E. Cregier

    To my knowledge, there has been no organized synthesis describing the historical development of horse handling, management, lore, and training. This discussion offers, in capsule form, some of the historical, psychological, and social considerations which might be taken into account when...

  8. Taming and Training in The Human Use of Elephants: The Case of Nepal, Past, Present and Future

    | Contributor(s):: Piers Locke

    It is a curious fact that by contrast with equine studies, a field that includes extensive historical and sociological work (e.g Budiansky 1998, Cassidy 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, Clutton-Brock 1992, Derry 2003, 2006, Hurn 2008a, 2008b), elephant husbandry has yet to be constituted as an integrated...

  9. Experimental investigations of the impact of social influence on dog-human interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Zsófia Sümegi

    There is an increasing scientific agreement that the origin of the domestic dog dates back several tens of thousands of years. In fact, the history of dog is a history of unique behaviour evolutionary process in which they have gradually become adapted to human environment and, as a result,...

  10. Walking the thylacine: records of indigenous companion animals in Australian narrative and photographic history

    | Contributor(s):: Philip, J., Garden, D.

    This report examines the history and significance of indigenous companion animals within traditional Aboriginal society and in early Euro-Australian settlements. Working from historical photographic and anthropological records, the project constructs a visual and written record of these...

  11. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  12. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...

  13. Personhood and companionship among Evenki and their reindeer in Eastern Siberia

    | Contributor(s):: Evelyn Landerer

    This thesis aims to contribute to our understanding of human-reindeer relations among nomadic hunters and reindeer keepers and is based on a discussion of manifestations of personhood in Siberia. I then relate these to contemporary theories in human-animal relations and argue that in the case of...

  14. Human-Animal Communication in Captive Species: Dogs, Horses, and Whales

    | Contributor(s):: Mackenzie K. Kelley

    My hopes for this project are to collect and analyze the current research in the field of animal communication. In the first part, my goal is to define animal communication, specifically within human contexts. I will look at how the history of humans and certain species have intertwined to result...

  15. Humanos e não-humanos: o aprendizado de novas sensibilidades e responsabilidades em nossas relações de estimação

    | Contributor(s):: Luciana de Sant'Anna Dall'Agnol

    A educação e a cultura são processos inerentes e transformadores um ao outro, fazendo com que as mudanças em nossa sociedade exijam uma contínua renovação de conhecimentos e (re) adaptação a um mundo em constante...

  16. Goats Learn Socially from Humans in a Spatial Problem-Solving Task

    | Contributor(s):: Christian Nawroth, Luigi Baciadonna, Alan G. McElligot

    Domestication drives changes in animal cognition and behaviour. In particular, the capacity of dogs to socially learn from humans is considered a key outcome of how domestication shaped the canid brain. However, systematic evidence for social learning from humans in other domestic species is...

  17. Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell

    Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...

  18. Social contact in horses: implications for human-horse interactions

    | Contributor(s):: M.C. VanDierendonck, D. Goodwin

    The ancestors of the domestic horse were important prey species for many predators, including humans. Equids possess few physical defence mechanisms, relying on survival strategies centred on the formation of cohesive social bonds within stable groups. Mutual grooming is common between these...

  19. Fine dogs the project

    | Contributor(s):: Laura Catalina Perilla Suarez

    For years, the human animal has called the dog as man's best friend, but what does this honestly refer to? What is the relation of the human animal to the dog? How many years ago did the call begin, domestication? , In my project I will solve these questions, in addition to entering the field...

  20. The Dog: A Domestic Wolf to Communicate with Man: The Aggressiveness of the Dog

    | Contributor(s):: Jean-Mane Giffroy

    On the basis of research in archeozoology and molecular genetics, it is established that the wolf is the main ancestor of the dog and that domestication would have occurred some 14,000 or 15,000 years ago, 5,000 years before the domestication of another species. The place or places of the first...