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Tags: Eating habits + Feeding behavior

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  1. Cage use and feeding height preferences of captive common marmosets ( Callithrix j. jacchus ) in two-tier cages

    Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, H. M., Shand, C., Morris, K.

    Determining appropriate feeding regimes has important welfare implications for captive primates. This study examined the preference of food bowl heights in 6 pairs of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) housed in a 2-tier cage system. Given that marmosets are arboreal and spend most of their...

  2. Veganism and living well

    Contributor(s):: Ciocchetti, C.

  3. Food health policies and ethics: lay perspectives on functional foods. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Holm, L.

    Functional foods are a challenge to food health policies, since they question central ideas in the way that food health policies have been developed over the last decades. Driven by market actors instead of public authorities and focusing on the role of single foods and single constituents in...

  4. Vegetarian meat: could technology save animals and satisfy meat eaters?

    Contributor(s):: Hopkins, P. D., Dacey, A.

    Between people who unabashedly support eating meat and those who adopt moral vegetarianism, lie a number of people who are uncomfortably carnivorous and vaguely wish they could be vegetarians. Opposing animal suffering in principle, they can ignore it in practice, relying on the visual disconnect...

  5. An automatic system to record foraging behaviour in free-ranging ruminants

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Penning, P. D.

    Precise measurements of grazing behaviour are required to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the foraging behaviour of free-ranging domestic ruminants. An automatic, microcomputer-based system for the digital recording of the jaw movements of free-ranging cattle and sheep is...

  6. Cockatiels ( Nymphicus hollandicus ) reject very low levels of plant secondary compounds

    Contributor(s):: Matson, K. D., Millam, J. R., Klasing, K. C.

    The rejection thresholds of caged cockatiels (Nymphicus hollandicus) were tested to determine their sensitivity to plant secondary compounds. Both alkaloids and tannins were tested using a two-bottle method in which purified water was always available in one bottle and an aqueous test solution...

  7. Dietary preference of dairy heifers grazing ryegrass and white clover, with and without an anti-bloat treatment

    Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Orr, R. J., Yarrow, N. H., Champion, R. A.

    The effect of an antibloat treatment on the dietary preference of nonpregnant Holstein x Friesian heifers for ryegrass and white clover was studied. Eight groups of two heifers grazed 0.51 ha plots containing adjacent monocultures of grass alongside clover with either 25 or 75% clover (by ground...

  8. Feeding, resting and social behaviour in ewes housed in two different group sizes

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, G. H. M., Andersen, I. L., Berg, S., Boe, K. E.

    The aim of this experiment was to investigate the effects of increased group size on eating- and resting behaviour, aggression and feed intake in housed ewes. During an initial period of 14 days 36 adult (2-6 years old) ewes of the domestic Norwegian Dala breed were divided into four groups of 9....

  9. Intake rate during meals and meal duration for sheep in different hunger states, grazing grass or white clover swards

    Contributor(s):: Orr, R. J., Penning, P. D., Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Harvey, A., Rook, A. J.

    Meal patterns and rates of feed intake by grazing herbivores may be markedly different from those found in housed ruminants and monogastrics. Cumulative intakes over the evening meal (satiety curves) were measured using groups of sheep (Ovis aries) grazing monocultures of white clover (Trifolium...

  10. Laterality of lying behaviour in dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Cox, N. R., Weary, D. M., Spinka, M.

    Dairy cattle spend, on average, between 8 and 15 h/d lying down. Our objective was to describe the laterality of lying behaviour and assess several internal and external factors that may affect laterality. Internal factors included time spent and time since eating or lying before choosing to lie...

  11. Reduction in grass eating behaviours in the domestic dog, Canis familiaris , in response to a mild gastrointestinal disturbance

    | Contributor(s):: McKenzie, S. J., Brown, W. Y., Price, I. R.

    Grass eating behaviour in the domestic dog may be related to gastrointestinal distress. To explore this theory, the current study observed grass eating behaviours in dogs fed a standard diet with and without supplementation of a fructo-oligosaccharide (FOS). The FOS diet temporarily induced...

  12. Social isolation affects the motivation to work for food and straw in pigs as measured by operant conditioning techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Jensen, M. B., Hansen, S. W., Munksgaard, L., Ladewig, J., Matthews, L.

    The following study, carried out in two phases, aimed to determine whether the presence or absence of a companion pig (pig in an adjoining pen during testing) systematically influenced the demand function for food or straw in growing pigs. The demand for food was tested (n=10) in one phase, and...

  13. The imprints created by cattle grazing short sequences of bites on continuous alfalfa swards

    | Contributor(s):: Ungar, E. D., Griffiths, W. M.

    Grazing by cattle on the scale of a single feeding station was studied to determine the patterns of defoliation and bite dimensions in short bite sequences. The sward was a continuous and homogeneous expanse of alfalfa without any imposed patchiness of structure. Treatments were bite sequences of...

  14. The use of a mirror reduces isolation stress in horses being transported by trailer

    | Contributor(s):: Kay, R., Hall, C.

    Horse trailers are a common form of transportation for horses and ponies and often require the animal to travel alone or with a single companion. The current study investigated the effect of transporting horses alone, in company or with an acrylic safety mirror (measuring 81 cm x 61.5 cm) that...

  15. A survey assessment of variables related to stereotypy in captive giraffe and okapi

    | Contributor(s):: Bashaw, M. J., Tarou, L. R., Maki, T. S., Maple, T. L.

    Stereotypic behaviour has been investigated in a wide variety of animals, but little published information is available on this problem in captive exotic ungulates. A survey was used to gather information on the prevalence of stereotypic behaviour in giraffe and okapi and to identify variables...

  16. Foraging behaviour of growing pigs on grassland in relation to stocking rate and feed crude protein level

    | Contributor(s):: Andresen, N., Redbo, I.

    The foraging behaviour of pigs was studied with the aim of using this as a resource in a cropping system. Twenty Landrace x Yorkshire x Hampshire growing pigs, divided into 4 groups, were observed for 3 weeks during the summer of 1995 at Ekhaga Research Farm, east of Uppsala. The pigs had an...

  17. Taste reactivity patterns in domestic cats ( Felis silvestris catus )

    | Contributor(s):: Bos, R. van den, Meijer, M. K., Spruijt, B. M.

    The present study is aimed at finding taste reactivity patterns in domestic cats (Felis silvestris catus) which reflect 'liking' or perceived palatability. Three groups of nonstressed cats living in households (Netherlands) were formed which a priori were expected to differ in motivational state...

  18. The effects of two different amounts of dietary grain on the digestibility of the diet and behaviour of intensively managed horses

    | Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Clegg, H. A., Buckley, P., Friend, M. A., McGreevy, P. D.

    The current experiment examined the effect of switching from a moderate grain diet to a high grain diet, as are typically fed to intensively managed horses, on some behavioural and physiological (oro-caecal transit time [OCTT], digestibility, plasma cortisol concentrations and heart rate)...

  19. Understanding feather eating behaviour in laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Harlander-Matauschek, A., Hausler, K.

    In the present study, high feather pecking (HFP) and low feather pecking (LFP) birds were used to investigate if the lines differ in their willingness to work for food or feathers in the presence of freely available identical substrates. Twenty HFP birds and 20 LFP birds were used for the present...

  20. Factors influencing the grazing behaviour of sheep in a Mediterranean climate

    | Contributor(s):: Dudzinski, M. L., Arnold, G. W.

    3 studies were made on the effect of climatic conditions on diurnal grazing patterns and total grazing time for sheep grazing dry pastures in summer in Mediterranean environments in Australia. With Border Leicester X Merino sheep the times of starting and ending morning and afternoon grazing...