Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team
Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.
Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...
Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment
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Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.
We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...
Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia
Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.
Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...
Social learning in dog training: the effectiveness of the Do as I do method compared to shaping/clicker training
Contributor(s):: Fugazza, C., Miklosi, A.
Dog training methods traditionally rely on individual learning (mainly operant conditioning). Yet dogs are adept in acquiring information socially and are able to imitate humans. Dogs' predisposition to learn socially has been recently introduced in dog training with the Do as I do method. With...
Dustbathing behavior: do ectoparasites matter?
Contributor(s):: Vezzoli, G., Mullens, B. A., Mench, J. A.
A presumed function of dustbathing behavior is to remove ectoparasites. Providing dustbathing substrates in furnished cages for laying hens might therefore offer an alternative to pesticide use to reduce ectoparasite populations. We investigated the effectiveness of dustbathing substrates for...
Straw applications in growing pigs: effects on behavior, straw use and growth
Contributor(s):: Bulens, A., Beirendonck, S. van, Thielen, J. van, Buys, N., Driessen, B.
The short-term effects of four straw applications on pigs housed on slatted floors were investigated to determine differences in behavior, straw use and growth. Both the type of straw used and the design of the application might influence the attractiveness and effectiveness of the applications....
Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?
Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.
Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...
Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy
Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.
Behavioral responses of silverback gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) to videos
Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Leighty, K. A., Kuhar, C. W., Bettinger, T. L.
This study examined the impact of video presentations on the behavior of 4 silverback, western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). On each of 5 occasions, gorillas viewed 6 types of videos (blue screen, humans, an all-male or mixed-sex group engaged in low activity, and an all-male or...
Evaluating paint rollers as an intervention for alopecia in monkeys in the laboratory ( Macaca nemestrina )
Contributor(s):: Runeson, E. P., Lee, G. H., Crockett, C. M., Bellanca, R. U.
Adult female macaques (Macaca nemestrina) in the laboratory with alopecia from known or suspected overgrooming were subjects in a study evaluating effectiveness of a grooming device. The intervention evaluated was a paint roller on a metal bar hung on the cage, replaced weekly for 6 weeks. In a...
The effect of animal-assisted therapy on pain medication use after joint replacement
Contributor(s):: Havey, J., Vlasses, F. R., Vlasses, P. H., Ludwig-Beymer, P., Hackbarth, D.
Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) has been used in a variety of healthcare settings and studies to evaluate the potential patient benefits are warranted. This retrospective study measured the impact of AAT on the use of oral pain medications by adults after total joint replacement surgery. One group...
Dolphin-assisted therapy with parental involvement for children with severe disabilities: further evidence for a family-centered theory for effectiveness
Contributor(s):: Stumpf, E., Breitenbach, E.
Dolphin-assisted therapy has frequently been criticized for a lack of empirical results and theoretical foundation. In this study, results from an innovative dolphin-assisted therapy program for children with disabilities are presented. The therapeutic program is based on a sophisticated...
Equine-assisted intervention for people with dementia
Contributor(s):: Dabelko-Schoeny, H., Phillips, G., Darrough, E., Deanna, S., Jarden, M., Johnson, D., Lorch, G.
The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of using guided interactions with horses as a nonpharmaceutical intervention to improve the physiological and behavioral states of persons with dementia. A convenience sample of persons with dementia was...
Problems at the human-horse interface and prospects for smart textile solutions
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Sundin, M., Karlsteen, M., Berglin, L., Ternstrom, J., Hawson, L., Richardsson, H., McLean, A. N.
The significant potential for so-called "smart textiles" in the design of the next generation of devices that measure pressure, tension, moisture, and heat at the human-horse interface is discussed in this article. Research techniques from theoretical and experimental physics laboratories,...
The effectiveness of the Anxiety Wrap in the treatment of canine thunderstorm phobia: an open-label trial
Contributor(s):: Cottam, N., Dodman, N. H., Ha, J. C.
The effectiveness of the Anxiety Wrap on canine thunderstorm phobia (ThP) was investigated by comparing owner-reported Thunderstorm Anxiety Scores before and after the use of this product (n=18). The mean Thunderstorm Anxiety Score associated with the fifth use of the Anxiety Wrap was 47% lower...
Stress and behavioural issues in pets
Contributor(s):: Barklett-Judge, M.
Construct validity of animal-assisted therapy and activities: how important is the animal in AAT?
Contributor(s):: Marino, L.
Associative learning by cattle to enable effective and ethical virtual fences
Contributor(s):: Lee, C., Henshall, J. M., Wark, T. J., Crossman, C. C., Reed, M. T., Brewer, H. G., O'Grady, J., Fisher, A. D.
An ability of cattle to readily associate a non-aversive audio cue (conditioned stimulus) with an aversive but non-noxious electric shock (unconditioned stimulus) should enable virtual fences to control cattle in an ethical manner similar to conventional electric fencing. The first study was...
The effect of ostensive cues on dogs' performance in a manipulative social learning task
Contributor(s):: Range, F., Heucke, S. L., Gruber, C., Konz, A., Huber, L., Viranyi, Z.
In contrast to animal social learning (e.g. dogs learning from observing another dog), humans typically teach by attracting the attention of the learner. Also during the training of dogs, humans tend to attract their attention in a similar way. Here, we investigated dogs' ability to learn both...
Bold, shy, and persistent: variable coyote response to light and sound stimuli
Contributor(s):: Darrow, P. A., Shivik, J. A.
To improve frightening device technology for managing predation, we examined variation in coyote (Canis latrans) response to visual, auditory, and combined stimuli using a behavior-contingent programmable frightening device. We hoped to gather information on the relative effectiveness of light,...