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  1. An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )

    Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...

  2. Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

    Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...

  3. Behavioral responses of silverback gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) to videos

    Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Leighty, K. A., Kuhar, C. W., Bettinger, T. L.

    This study examined the impact of video presentations on the behavior of 4 silverback, western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). On each of 5 occasions, gorillas viewed 6 types of videos (blue screen, humans, an all-male or mixed-sex group engaged in low activity, and an all-male or...

  4. Evaluating paint rollers as an intervention for alopecia in monkeys in the laboratory ( Macaca nemestrina )

    Contributor(s):: Runeson, E. P., Lee, G. H., Crockett, C. M., Bellanca, R. U.

    Adult female macaques (Macaca nemestrina) in the laboratory with alopecia from known or suspected overgrooming were subjects in a study evaluating effectiveness of a grooming device. The intervention evaluated was a paint roller on a metal bar hung on the cage, replaced weekly for 6 weeks. In a...

  5. Food preference, keeper ratings, and reinforcer effectiveness in exotic animals: the value of systematic testing

    Contributor(s):: Gaalema, D. E., Perdue, B. M., Kelling, A. S.

    Food preference describes the behavior of selecting between items for consumption; reinforcer effectiveness is the functional effect of that item in controlling behavior. Food preference and reinforcer effectiveness were examined in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and African elephants...

  6. Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

    Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.

    This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population...

  7. A review of the humaneness of puntilla as a slaughter method

    Contributor(s):: Limon, G., Guitian, J., Gregory, N. G.

  8. Designing animal welfare policies and monitoring progress

    Contributor(s):: Keeling, L. J., Immink, V., Hubbard, C., Garrod, G., Edwards, S. A., Ingenbleek, P.

  9. Identifying reasons for stun failures in slaughterhouses for cattle and pigs: a field study

    Contributor(s):: Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Holleben, K. von, Eser, E.

  10. Licensing poultry CO<sub>2</sub> gas-stunning systems with regard to animal welfare: investigations under practical conditions

    Contributor(s):: Holleben, K. von, Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Eser, E.

  11. Preliminary evaluation of the effectiveness of captive-bolt guns as a killing method without exsanguination for horned and unhorned sheep

    Contributor(s):: Gibson, T. J., Ridler, A. L., Lamb, C. R., Williams, A., Giles, S., Gregory, N. G.

  12. Survey of the incidence of post-stun behavioural reflexes in electrically stunned broilers in commercial conditions and the relationship of their incidence with the applied water-bath electrical parameters

    Contributor(s):: Anastasov, M. I., Wotton, S. B.

  13. The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes

    Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.

  14. The need for monitoring farm animal welfare during mass killing for disease eradication purposes

    Contributor(s):: Berg, C.

  15. Uptake and effectiveness of interventions to reduce claw lesions in 40 dairy herds in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Barker, Z. E., Wright, J. L., Blowey, R. W., Amory, J. R., Green, L. E.

  16. Farm animal welfare in the U.S.A.: farming practices, research, education, regulation, and assurance programs. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    Contributor(s):: Mench, J. A.

    What impact has the Brambell Report, and the growth of the field of applied ethology, had on the United States of America? There has been increasing public awareness of farm animal welfare issues and a concomitant increase in animal welfare research and teaching activities. This has occurred more...

  17. Diagnosis and treatement methods in separation anxiety in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Asztalos, L., Papuc, I., Lazar, I.

    A group of 60 dogs from different races, ages and genders in Romania were studied [date not given]. We used clinical and semiological methods and a paraclinical test for the diagnosis of separation anxiety, but the most important and relevant information were the anamnetic dates that the owners...

  18. A model to quantify the anticipatory response in cats

    Contributor(s):: Tami, G., Martorell, A., Torre, C., Compagnucci, M., Manteca, X.

    The aim of this paper was to develop a protocol to study the anticipatory response in cats as a measure of welfare. Seven experimental cats were trained in a classical conditioning paradigm to associate a sound with food arrival, while sound and food were presented without contingency in four...

  19. Application of the Welfare QualityReg. protocol at pig slaughterhouses

    Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Temple, D., Rodriguez, P., Llonch, P., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study was to assess the sensitivity and feasibility of the Welfare QualityReg. (WQ) protocol for finishing pigs in 10 Spanish slaughterhouses. Sensitivity refers to the ability of the WQ assessment system to discriminate between slaughter conditions whilst feasibility...

  20. Classifying the severity of scientific animal use: a review of international systems

    Contributor(s):: Fenwick, N., Ormandy, E., Gauthier, C., Griffin, G.

    Severity classification systems (ie pain scales, categories of invasiveness, degrees of severity etc) are used to classify the adverse effects experienced by animals used for scientific purposes. Currently, eleven countries use severity classification systems. These systems have developed in...