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  1. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  2. Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team

    | Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.

    Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...

  3. Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries

    | Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.

    The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...

  4. Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment

    | Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.

    We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...

  5. Animal-assisted therapy: New disinfectant list of DVG for "Established veterinary practice and animal shelters "Tiergestutzte Therapien: Neue Desinfektionsmittelliste der DVG fur die Bereiche "Niedergelassene Veterinarpraxis und Tierheime"

    | Contributor(s):: Rheinbaben, F. von, Werner, S.

    This article presents a list of some of the veterinary disinfectants/drugs recommended by the German Veterinary Society for private animal hospitals and animal shelters highlighting the indications, efficacy, metabolism, dosage effects, and pharmokinetics of each product.

  6. Assessing the effectiveness of the Birdsbesafe anti-predation collar cover in reducing predation on wildlife by pet cats in Western Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Hall, C. M., Fontaine, J. B., Bryant, K. A., Calver, M. C.

    Many pet cats hunt and, irrespective of whether or not this threatens wildlife populations, distressed owners may wish to curtail hunting while allowing their pets to roam. Therefore we evaluated the effectiveness of three patterned designs (simple descriptions being rainbow, red and yellow) of...

  7. Assessment of aversion and unconsciousness during exposure to carbon dioxide at high concentration in lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Rodriguez, P., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X., Litvan, H., Jensen, E. W., Velarde, A.

    The most widely used stunning method in sheep is electrical. However, in lambs, this method leads to rupture of the blood vessels, provoking ecchymoses. In pigs ( Sus scrofa), the use of CO 2-stunning systems has increased in popularity due to positive effects on meat quality and animal welfare...

  8. Pinch-induced behavioural inhibition (clipthesia) as a restraint method for cats during veterinary examinations: preliminary results on cat susceptibility and welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Nuti, V., Cantile, C., Gazzano, A., Sighieri, C., Mariti, C.

    Cats are often subjected to minimally painful or forced procedures during routine clinical practice, which can be poorly tolerated, leading veterinary surgeons to need to offer physical restraint, usually aided by an assistant. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness and ultimate...

  9. Social learning in dog training: the effectiveness of the Do as I do method compared to shaping/clicker training

    | Contributor(s):: Fugazza, C., Miklosi, A.

    Dog training methods traditionally rely on individual learning (mainly operant conditioning). Yet dogs are adept in acquiring information socially and are able to imitate humans. Dogs' predisposition to learn socially has been recently introduced in dog training with the Do as I do method. With...

  10. Are results of Crib Opening Test connected with efficacy of training horses in a round-pen?

    | Contributor(s):: Wilk, I., Kedzierski, W., Stachurska, A., Janczarek, I.

    Training the horse is based on human-horse relationship, which requires that the horse shows active, conscious behaviour as well as an ability to learn. It was hypothesized that the horse's learning skill to open the crib is correlated with the effectiveness of training. The aim of the study was...

  11. Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.

    Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...

  12. The use of judgement bias to assess welfare in farm livestock

    | Contributor(s):: Baciadonna, L., McElligott, A. G.

    The development of accurate measures of animal emotions is important for improving and promoting animal welfare. Cognitive bias indicates the effect of emotional states on cognitive processes, such as memory, attention, and judgement. Cognitive bias tests complement existing behavioural and...

  13. Evaluation of microwave energy as a humane stunning technique based on electroencephalography (EEG) of anaesthetised cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Cakebread, P. L., Mellor, D. J., Johnson, C. B.

    Humane slaughter implies that an animal experiences minimal pain and distress before it is killed. Stunning is commonly used to induce insensibility but can lead to variable results or be considered unsatisfactory by some religious groups. Microwave energy can induce insensibility in rats, and...

  14. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    | Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  15. An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )

    | Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.

    This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...

  16. Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues

    | Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.

    Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...

  17. Behavioral responses of silverback gorillas ( Gorilla gorilla gorilla ) to videos

    | Contributor(s):: Maloney, M. A., Leighty, K. A., Kuhar, C. W., Bettinger, T. L.

    This study examined the impact of video presentations on the behavior of 4 silverback, western lowland gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). On each of 5 occasions, gorillas viewed 6 types of videos (blue screen, humans, an all-male or mixed-sex group engaged in low activity, and an all-male or...

  18. Evaluating paint rollers as an intervention for alopecia in monkeys in the laboratory ( Macaca nemestrina )

    | Contributor(s):: Runeson, E. P., Lee, G. H., Crockett, C. M., Bellanca, R. U.

    Adult female macaques (Macaca nemestrina) in the laboratory with alopecia from known or suspected overgrooming were subjects in a study evaluating effectiveness of a grooming device. The intervention evaluated was a paint roller on a metal bar hung on the cage, replaced weekly for 6 weeks. In a...

  19. Food preference, keeper ratings, and reinforcer effectiveness in exotic animals: the value of systematic testing

    | Contributor(s):: Gaalema, D. E., Perdue, B. M., Kelling, A. S.

    Food preference describes the behavior of selecting between items for consumption; reinforcer effectiveness is the functional effect of that item in controlling behavior. Food preference and reinforcer effectiveness were examined in giant pandas (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) and African elephants...

  20. Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

    | Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.

    This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population...