Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto
While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...
Forgotten, But Not Lost—Alloparental Behavior and Pup–Adult Interactions in Companion Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Péter Pongrácz, Sára S. Sztruhala
Socialization with humans is known to be a pivotal factor in the development of appropriate adult dog behavior, but the role and extent of dog–dog interactions in the first two months of life is rarely studied. Although various forms of alloparental behaviors are described in the case of...
The Behavioral Effects of Feeding Enrichment on a Zoo-Housed Herd of African Elephants (Loxodonta africana)
| Contributor(s):: Caroline Marie Driscoll
A comprehensive study on the behavioral effects of feeding enrichment was conducted on six African elephants housed at the North Carolina Zoological Park in Asheboro, NC. The herd is comprised of are two adult males, three adult females, and one subadult female. The study was conducted over a...
Are Underweight Shelter Dogs More Likely to Display Food Aggression toward Humans?
| Contributor(s):: Katherine A. Miller, Emily D. Dolan, Victoria A. Cussen, Pamela J. Reid
It is commonly believed that underweight or emaciated dogs are predisposed to food aggression toward humans. Each year, the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) receives hundreds of dogs from criminal cruelty cases. The dogs range from emaciated to overweight. We...
Effects of Gender, Sterilization, and Environment on the Spatial Distribution of Free-Roaming Dogs: An Intervention Study in an Urban Setting
| Contributor(s):: Saulo Nascimento de Melo, Eduardo Sergio da Silva, David Soeiro Barbosa, Rafael Gonçalves Teixeira-Neto, Gustavo Augusto Lacorte, Marco Aurélio Pereira Horta, Diogo Tavares Cardoso, Guilherme Loureiro Werneck, Claudio José Struchiner, Vinícius Silva Belo
Information concerning the factors affecting the circulation and distribution of free-roaming dogs is crucial in developing control actions and limiting the spread of zoonoses. The present study analyzes the influence of gender, sterilization, and environment on the spatial distribution of...
Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs
| Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.
Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...
Overimitation in dogs: is there a link to the quality of the relationship with the caregiver?
| Contributor(s):: Huber, L., Kubala, D., Cimarelli, G.
Overimitation, the copying of causally irrelevant or non-functional actions, is well-known from humans but completely absent in other primates. Recent studies from our lab have provided evidence for overimitation in canines. Previously, we found that half of tested pet dogs copied their human...
Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.
The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...
Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication
| Contributor(s):: Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.
Are multi-cat homes more stressful? A critical review of the evidence associated with cat group size and wellbeing
| Contributor(s):: Finka, L. R., Foreman-Worsley, R.
Give the dog a big bone: Magnitude but not delivery method of food impacts preference and reinforcer efficacy in dogs
| Contributor(s):: Feuerbacher, Erica N., Stone, Chelsea, Friedel, Jonathan E.
Using Principles from Applied Behaviour Analysis to Address an Undesired Behaviour: Functional Analysis and Treatment of Jumping Up in Companion Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Nicole Pfaller-Sadovsky, Gareth Arnott, Camilo Hurtado-Parrado
The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of procedures successfully used in human related applied behaviour analysis practices to the field of clinical animal behaviour. Experiment 1 involved functional analyses to identify the reinforcement contingencies...
The Effect of Play Group on the Behavior of Shelter Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie Flower
This study looked at two groups of dogs, one which attended play group prior to receiving their behavior evaluation and one that did not. The group that attended play group showed significantly lower scores when looking at the dog to dog portion of the behavior evaluation.
Researchers, not dogs, lack control in an experiment on jealousy
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer Vonk
Cook and colleagues (2018) have developed a clever method to measure fMRI in awake dogs in response to a number of interesting stimuli. As a result, they are able to determine neural correlates of observable behavior. They report that dogs may experience something akin to jealousy because they...
Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States
| Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby
A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...
Dogs aren't jealous – they are just asking for accurate information
| Contributor(s):: Karen L. Overall
Awake fMRI offers us a unique opportunity to view and understand how dogs see the world and use the information in it. Given the limitations of behavioral assays and the small sample sizes inherent in these studies, labeling of patterns of canine behaviors using pop psychology terms may...
Trauma etiology in dogs and cats: a retrospective study of 4626 cases
| Contributor(s):: Cojocaru, R., Schuszler, L., Bumb, D., Barnea, R., Igna, C.
Traumatic injuries are a major health hazard having an important impact in animals' welfare. The outcome following a traumatic event in the animal's life, depends on multiple factors, the most common ones being the cause of trauma, the location of the trauma and the amount of kinetic...
Correlation between gender, age and reproductive status with canine behavior assessed by the C-BARQ toolCorrelacao entre sexo, idade e estado reprodutivo com o comportamento canino avaliado pela ferramenta C-BARQ
| Contributor(s):: Neder, J. F. de S., Soares, G. M.
This study investigated Brazilian's dogs behavior through the Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire (C-BARQ) and establish if these behaviors have a significant relationship with the age, sex and neutering status of the animal. The questionnaire was answered by owners...
Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients
| Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.
Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...
Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners
| Contributor(s):: Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.
To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...