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  1. Reducing the Consumer Attitude–Behaviour Gap in Animal Welfare: The Potential Role of 'Nudges'

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Belinda Vigors

    Citizen concern for the welfare of farm animals is well documented. However, there is a notable gap between people saying they want improved farm animal welfare and how they actually behave as a consumer. This is known as the citizen–consumer attitude–behaviour gap. As improvements...

  2. Influence of the Competition Context on Arousal in Agility Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Carpenter, Alison M., Guy, Jonathan H., Leach, Matthew C.

    To determine whether participation in dog agility has an impact on canine arousal and welfare, this study aimed firstly to identify the effect of the competition context on arousal changes experienced by dogs, as distinct from purely physical participation in agility, and secondly to assess the...

  3. Development and Validation of Broiler Welfare Assessment Methods for Research and On-farm Audits

    | Contributor(s):: Meyer, Meaghan M., Johnson, Anna K., Bobeck, Elizabeth A.

    Required auditing of on-farm broiler welfare in the United States has increased; however, a lack of validated tools exists for assessment of enrichment. National Chicken Council (NCC) guidelines were used on a subset of 300 Ross 308 broilers out of 1200 to validate and adapt welfare measures....

  4. The effects of the Spanish COVID-19 lockdown on people, their pets and the human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Bowen, J., García, E., Darder, P., Argüelles, J., Fatjó, J.

  5. Relation between stockperson behavior toward cows in a holding area and milk yields

    | Contributor(s):: Saito, H., Seo, T.

  6. Temperament in Domestic Cats: A Review of Proximate Mechanisms, Methods of Assessment, Its Effects on Human-Cat Relationships, and One Welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Travnik, I. C., Machado, D. S., Gonçalves, L. D. S., Ceballos, M. C., Sant'Anna, A. C.

  7. Veterinary Behavior: Assessment of Veterinarians' Training, Experience, and Comfort Level with Cases

    | Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Hellyer, P. W., Rishniw, M., Schoenfeld-Tacher, R.

  8. The effects of a therapy dog vs mindfulness vs a student advisor on student anxiety and well-being

    | Contributor(s):: Spruin, E., Dempster, T., Islam, S., Raybould, I.

  9. Effects of horn status on behaviour in fattening cattle in the field and during reactivity tests

    | Contributor(s):: Reiche, Anna-Maria, Dohme-Meier, Frigga, Claudia Terlouw, E. M.

    Disbudding is in the short-term invasive and needs pharmacological pain treatment but it facilitates animal management. The present study investigates the longer-term consequences on behaviour to evaluate possible effects on animal welfare. Experiment 1 (E1) used 81 bulls up to the age of 12 and...

  10. Brown and white egg-layer strain differences in fearfulness and stress measures

    | Contributor(s):: Nelson, Jill R., Settar, Petek, Berger, Emily, Wolc, Anna, O’Sullivan, Neil, Archer, Gregory S.

    Different genetic lines of laying hens may show varying levels of fearfulness in response to stressful events or situations. It is important to select appropriate genetic strains when keeping hens in alternative housing systems to minimize health and production issues caused by fear and stress....

  11. Caring for the horse in a cold climate—Reviewing principles for thermoregulation and horse preferences

    | Contributor(s):: Mejdell, Cecilie M., Bøe, Knut Egil, Jørgensen, Grete H. M.

    In the Nordic countries, permanent outdoor housing of horses in winter is gaining popularity. This practice will expose the horses to harsh weather conditions. However, horses that are kept indoors at night and turned out in the cold during daytime also experience thermoregulatory challenges....

  12. Mid- and late-pregnancy ewe shearing affects lamb neonatal reactivity and vigour

    | Contributor(s):: Labeur, Léa, Small, Alison H., Hinch, Geoff N., McFarlane, James R., Schmoelzl, Sabine

    Poor lamb survival is an important production and welfare issue, and the lamb must express complex behaviours to successfully transition to life ex-utero. Even under best management practices, sheep husbandry events, such as shearing, yarding and transport can be stressful for animals, and when...

  13. Conditioned aversion in kea to cereal bait: A captive study using anthraquinone

    | Contributor(s):: Nichols, Margaret, Bell, Phil, Mulgan, Nick, Taylor, Alexander

    The kea (Nestor notabilis, plural kea), an alpine parrot endemic to New Zealand’s South Island, is endangered by introduced mammalian predators. Aerially deployed 1080 (sodium fluoroacetate) toxin in cereal baits is an important tool in the control of mammalian pest species in New Zealand. Kea...

  14. Using acoustic telemetry to assess behavioral responses to acute hypoxia and ammonia exposure in farmed rainbow trout of different competitive ability

    | Contributor(s):: Gesto, Manuel, Zupa, Walter, Alfonso, Sébastien, Spedicato, Maria Teresa, Lembo, Giuseppe, Carbonara, Pierluigi

    As other vertebrates, fish differ on an individual basis in their responses to disturbance (i.e. stress) and in their capacity for adaptation to environmental change. This individual stress-coping style (SCS) might have an impact on the individual welfare in aquaculture facilities. However, most...

  15. The opening of a hinged farrowing crate improves lactating sows’ welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Ceballos, Maria Camila, Góis, Karen Camille R., Parsons, Thomas D.

    Concerns about the welfare of lactating sows housed in farrowing crates have emerged because crates physically restrict the sows and possibly compromise their behavior and comfort. The aim of this study was to identify how the opening of a hinged farrowing crate on different days (4 or 7)...

  16. Management of Pet Cats: The Impact of the Cat Tracker Citizen Science Project in South Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Philip Roetman, Hayley Tindle, Carla Litchfield

    Domestic cats (Felis catus) are popular pets worldwide and play an important role in the lives of many of their owners; however, there is growing awareness of the potential negative impacts of cats. Accordingly, there is increasing interest in pet cat management, including changing the...

  17. Animal assisted therapy for elderly residents of a skilled nursing facility

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: William Stuart Pope, Caralise Hunt, Kathy Ellison

    There is a growing population of those with dementia and other cognitive impairments that affect the quality of life.  This is attributed to advances in science, technology and medicine leading to reductions in maternal mortality, infectious and parasitic diseases, occupational safety...

  18. Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants' Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Lindsay Nakonechny, Emilie Derisoud, Katrina Merkies

    The diversity of the Canadian equine industry makes determining baseline attitudes and beliefs a challenge. Adult members of the Canadian equine industry (n = 901) participated in an online survey to report demographic information and views on the role of horses and their ability to experience...

  19. The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete

    The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...

  20. You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray

    Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...