Application of Survival Analysis and Multistate Modeling to Understand Animal Behavior: Examples from Guide Dogs
Contributor(s):: Lucy Asher, Naomi D. Harvey, Martin Green, Gary C. W. England
Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal...
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
Cumulative experience, age-class, sex and season affect the behavioural responses of European badgers ( Meles meles) to handling and sedation
Contributor(s):: Sun, Q., Stevens, C., Newman, C., Buesching, C. D., Macdonald, D. W.
The restraint and sedation of wild animals has welfare implications, thus animal handling procedures should be well-informed and optimised to adhere to welfare standards. Furthermore, it is important that handling procedures should not cause future trap avoidance. This is of particular pertinence...
The risk factors affecting the development of vent pecking and cannibalism in free-range and organic laying hens
Contributor(s):: Lambton, S. L., Knowles, T. G., Yorke, C., Nicol, C. J.
Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest animal welfare and economic challenges for free-range egg producers. This prospective epidemiological study investigated the development of vent pecking (VP) and cannibalism on 62 free-range and organic UK farms (119 flocks). Flocks were visited at 25...
Equine stereotypic behaviors: causation, occurrence, and prevention
Contributor(s):: Sarrafchi, A., Blokhuis, H. J.
There are strong suggestions that equine stereotypies are connected to poor welfare and a suboptimal management and/or stabling environment. Different forms of equine stereotypic behaviors have been described. Crib biting, weaving, and box walking are considered the most prevalent. Several...
Insurance for household animals and its application to enlightening of preventive veterinary medicine - how insurance can support the human-animal bond?
Contributor(s):: Kawarai, A.
Anicom has acquired the license of operating "Animal health insurance" from the Financial Services Agency and has now been issued the insurance policies to more than 430 thousands animals (89% dogs, 10% cats, and 1% birds/rabbits/ferrets) as at December, 2012. When animals are registered to...
An evaluation of dog-assisted therapy for residents of aged care facilities with dementia
Contributor(s):: Travers, C., Perkins, J., Rand, J., Bartlett, H., Morton, J.
Individual and environmental factors associated with stereotypic behavior and fecal glucocorticoid metabolite levels in zoo housed polar bears
Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, D., Lewis, K. D., Carlstead, K., Bauman, J., Perrin, N.
New directions for zoo animal welfare science
Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Wielebnowski, N.
Brucellosis in the Greater Yellowstone area: disease management at the wildlife-livestock interface
Contributor(s):: Schumaker, B. A., Peck, D. E., Kauffman, M. E.
Role of bird movements in the epidemiology of West Nile and avian influenza virus
Contributor(s):: Muzaffar, S. B., Hill, N. J., Takekawa, J. Y., Perry, W. M., Smith, L. M., Boyce, W. M.
The epidemiology of behavioural problems in dogs and cats: a survey of veterinary practitioners
Contributor(s):: Fatjo, J., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.
A comparison of dog bite injuries in younger and older children treated in a pediatric emergency department
Contributor(s):: Bernardo, L. M., Gardner, M. J., Rosenfield, R. L., Cohen, B., Pitetti, R.
Objective: Dog bites account for a significant number of traumatic injuries in the paediatric population that often require medical treatment. Although agent, host, and environmental characteristics of dog bites have been well documented, no attempt has been made to compare these characteristics...
Canine cognitive dysfunction syndrome: prevalence, clinical signs and treatment with a neuroprotective nutraceutical
Contributor(s):: Osella, M. C., Re, G., Odore, R., Girardi, C., Badino, P., Barbero, R., Bergamasco, L.
Cognitive dysfunction syndrome (CDS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder of senior dogs. Since age-related behavioural changes may be useful indicators for early diagnosis and treatment, the first purpose of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of clinical signs of CDS in a...
Predicting tail-biting from behaviour of pigs prior to outbreaks
Contributor(s):: Statham, P., Green, L., Bichard, M., Mendl, M.
Predicting that an outbreak of tail-biting is going to occur in a group of pigs would be a useful tool for farmers. In a prospective longitudinal study, 24 groups of c.30 undocked pigs were followed from birth to slaughter weight. Four groups had to be excluded from the analysis, the remaining...
Survey of breeders' management of horses in Europe, North America and Australia: comparison of factors associated with the development of abnormal behaviour
Contributor(s):: Parker, M., Goodwin, D., Redhead, E. S.
An online survey of domestic horse breeders in the USA, UK, Australia, Canada and mainland Europe was carried out in order to examine management risk factors associated with the development of abnormal behaviour patterns. One hundred and forty breeders responded, and epidemiological results...
The risk factors affecting the development of gentle and severe feather pecking in loose housed laying hens
Injurious pecking remains one of the biggest problems challenging free range egg producers, with both economic implications for the farmer and welfare implications for the birds. The most widespread form of injurious pecking is feather pecking, the most damaging form of which is severe feather...
Potential risk factors associated with feline behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: Amat, M., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Fatjo, J., Mariotti, V. M., Wijk, S. van, Manteca, X.
A retrospective study was carried out on feline behaviour problems presented at the Animal Behaviour Clinic at the Barcelona School of Veterinary Medicine to identify the main risk factors. Three hundred thirty six cats presented for a behaviour problem between 1998 and 2006 were included in the...
A network model of H5N1 avian influenza transmission dynamics in domestic cats
Contributor(s):: Ayyalasomayajula, S., DeLaurentis, D. A., Moore, G. E., Glickman, L. T.
Naturally occurring cases of influenza in cats owing to the H5N1 strain have been reported in several countries. A cat reservoir of H5N1 in the United States could provide an environment for zoonotic disease spread to humans. This scenario was the impetus to develop a model to study potential...
Predicting behavioral changes associated with age-related cognitive impairment in dogs
Contributor(s):: Bain, M. J., Hart, B. L., Cliff, K. D., Ruehl, W. W.
An age-stratified cohort study was performed to monitor the progression of age-related behavioural changes in 63 spayed female and 47 castrated male dogs, 11-14-years-old, during a period of 6 to 18 months and to determine whether signs of dysfunction in any of 4 behavioural categories can be...