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  1. Is livestock husbandry more stressing than other anthropic activities to wild carnivores?

    Contributor(s):: Arzabe, Ariel A., Retamal, Patricio, Simonetti, Javier A.

  2. Ballot Measures and Subversion of Direct Democracy: Initiatives to Outlaw Aerial Wolf Killing in Alaska

    Contributor(s):: Simon, Alexander, Clark, Steven C.

  3. Effects of Visitors and Enrichments on Behavior of Captive Red Wolves' (Canis rufus) at the Great Plains Zoo, Sioux Falls, South Dakota

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylee S. Shotkoski

    Red wolves (Canis rufus) are the first animals to maintain a wild population from captive, released individuals. A captive breeding program for red wolves was started before complete extirpation, and 4 breeding pairs were released in Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge (North Carolina) in...

  4. Analysis of tooth mark patterns on bone remains caused by wolves (Canis lupus) and domestic dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) for taxonomic identification: A scoping review focused on their value as a forensic tool

    | Contributor(s):: Toledo González, Víctor, Ortega Ojeda, Fernando, Fonseca, Gabriel M., García-Ruiz, Carmen, Pérez-Lloret, Pilar

  5. Learning to Live With Wolves: Community-based Conservation in the Blackfoot Valley of Montana

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Seth M. Wilson, Elizabeth H. Bradley, Gregory A. Neudecker

    We built on the existing capacity of a nongovernmental organization called the Blackfoot Challenge to proactively address wolf (Canis lupus)-livestock conflicts in the Blackfoot Valley of Montana. Beginning in 2007, wolves started rapidly recolonizing the valley, raising concerns among...

  6. Feeding Enrichment in a Captive Pack of European Wolves (Canis Lupus Lupus): Assessing the Effects on Welfare and on a Zoo's Recreational, Educational and Conservational Role

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Giacomo Riggio, Chiara Mariti, Chiara Boncompagni, Simone Corosaniti, Massimiliano Di Giovanni, Asahi Ogi, Angelo Gazzano, Robert Thomas

    This study investigated the effects of two feeding enrichment programs on the behaviour of a captive pack of European wolves (Canis lupus lupus) and their correlation with both zoo visitors’ interest towards the exhibit and their overall perception of the species. Behavioural data...

  7. Conserving Wolves by Transforming Them? The Transformative Effects of Technologies of Government in Biodiversity Conservation

    | Contributor(s):: Stokland, Håkon B.

  8. Wolves and dogs recruit human partners in the cooperative string-pulling task

    | Contributor(s):: Range, F., Kassis, A., Taborsky, M., Boada, M., Marshall-Pescini, S.

  9. The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and faecal cortisol of the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi)

    | Contributor(s):: Pifarré, María, Valdez, Ricardo, González-Rebeles, Carlos, Vázquez, Carlos, Romano, Marta, Galindo, Francisco

    The effect of zoo visitors on the behaviour and physiological responses of the Mexican wolf has not been documented but is worthy of investigation since it is a critically endangered native species and most of the population live in zoos. The effect of the number of visitors was assessed in 12...

  10. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  11. An ounce of prevention: Quantifying the effects of non-lethal tools on wolf behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Much, Rebecca M., Breck, Stewart W., Lance, Nathan J., Callahan, Peggy

    Human-carnivore conflict is presently on the rise as human populations continue to grow and carnivore conservation efforts gain precedence. The behaviors exhibited by carnivores that cause conflict are often learned; therefore, reducing learning potential though the use of non-lethal tools is...

  12. Assessing Patterns of Human-Wildlife Conflicts and Compensation around a Central Indian Protected Area

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krithi K. Karanth, Arjun M. Gopalaswamy, Ruth DeFries, Natasha Ballal

    Mitigating crop and livestock loss to wildlife and improving compensation distribution are important for conservation efforts in landscapes where people and wildlife co-occur outside protected areas. The lack of rigorously collected spatial data poses a challenge to management efforts to...

  13. What Your Dog Can Teach You About Aliens | Arik Kershenbaum | TEDxCambridgeUniversity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Arik Kershenbaum

    Animal communication on Earth shows us fundamental constraints on language that would also apply on any other planet. Dr Arik Kershenbaum is a zoologist at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Girton College. He researches animal communication, particularly in cooperative predators like...

  14. Training Reduces Stress in Human-Socialised Wolves to the Same Degree as in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angélica da Silva Vasconcellos, Zsófia Virányi, Friederike Range, César Ades, Jördis Kristin Scheidegger, Erich Möstl, Kurt Kotrschal

    The welfare of animals in captivity is of considerable societal concern. A major source of stress, especially for wild animals, is the lack of control over their environment, which includes not being able to avoid contact with human beings. Paradoxically, some studies have shown that...

  15. Helminth Fauna in Captive European Gray Wolves (Canis lupus lupus) in Germany

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Johanna Daniela Bindke, Andrea Springer, Michael Böer, Christina Strube

    Captive as well as free-ranging wolves, which are currently recolonizing Germany, may harbor a variety of gastrointestinal parasites. This study investigated endoparasites in captive European gray wolves (Canis lupus lupus) using coproscopical methods. Fecal samples were collected monthly...

  16. How Wolves Turned into Dogs and How Dogs Are Valuable in Meeting Human Social Needs

    | Contributor(s):: Kurt Kotrschal

    A wealth of recent behavioral, neurobiological, and genetic results allows us to draw a new, comprehensive picture of the human-wolf-dog relationship. Dogs originated from wolves 35,000 years ago, mainly via selection for tameness. Wolves were probably spiritual partners and hunting buddies of...

  17. The Wolf and the Animal Lover

    | Contributor(s):: Martin Drenthen

    For Aristotle a true friendship can only exist between free human beings, because true friendship is based on a shared understanding of the good. Yet today, some animal philosophers argue that friendships can exist between humans and animals, maybe not in Aristotle’s sense of the word but...

  18. Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans

    | Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.

    Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...

  19. Justice for all? Children's moral reasoning about the welfare and rights of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Ruckert, J. H.

    This study reports children's developing moral concerns for endangered animals. Three questions were addressed: (1) Do children conceive of not harming an endangered animal as a moral obligation? (2) Do children use biocentric (nature-centered) moral reasoning? and (3) Does a developmental shift...

  20. Living with the beast: wolves and humans through Portuguese literature

    | Contributor(s):: Lopes-Fernandes, M., Soares, F., Frazao-Moreira, A., Queiroz, A. I.

    This paper explores representations of wolves in Portuguese literature using an anthropological framework to analyze perceptions, beliefs, knowledge, and practices. From a literary corpus compilation, 262 excerpts from 68 works that made reference to wolves were classified by grid analysis into...