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  1. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)

    Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...

  2. Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.

    Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...

  3. Converging on ancient bones: a review of the evidence for the close relatedness of humans ( Homo sapiens) and spotted hyenas ( Crocuta crocuta)

    Contributor(s):: Baynes-Rock, M.

    The majority of spotted hyena studies are conducted in places such as national parks and reserves where there are few humans present other than the researchers. I argue that this reflects a perception that "real" hyenas are those largely unaffected by contact with humans. This is at odds with...

  4. A case for a naturalistic perspective: response to Lawrence and Bekoff

    Contributor(s):: Paxton, D. W.

    The author responds to commentaries on his original paper noting that "The paper is about questions, not answers. The orthodoxanswer in urban animal management — responsible pet ownership — is really the target of the naturalistic perspective. The paper requests urban authorities to always ask...

  5. Paxton's panorama: naturalizing the bonds between people and dogs

    Contributor(s):: Bekoff, M.

    The author "want[s] to point out some gray areas in Paxton’s essay where I think more fleshing out is needed, especially how hisideas relate, perhaps uniquely, to the human–dog bond."

  6. The hunter-gatherer prehistory of human-animal interactions

    Contributor(s):: Mithen, S.

    In this paper, the author "will examine some of the key moments in the evolution of human relationships with animals, tracking the emergence of these new relationships and the impact they havehad on our bodies, our minds and our culture," particularly the more recent hunting-gatherers of...

  7. Cross-Fostered Chimpanzees Modulate Signs of American Sign Language

    Contributor(s):: Chalcraft, Valerie J., Gardner, R. Allen

  8. Affen und Menschen. (German)

    Contributor(s):: Münch, Paul

  9. Choosing between the emotional dog and the rational pal: a moral dilemma with a tail

    Contributor(s):: Topolski, R., Weaver, J. N., Martin, Z., McCoy, J.

  10. Teaching the dog and learning from the dog: interactivity in herding dog training and use

    Contributor(s):: Savalois, N., Lescureux, N., Brunois, F.

  11. The status of instrument development in the human-animal interaction field

    Contributor(s):: Wilson, C. C., Netting, F. E.

  12. The evolution of imitation: what do the capacities of non-human animals tell us about the mechanisms of imitation? (Special Issue: Evolution, development and intentional control of imitation.)

    Contributor(s):: Huber, L., Range, F., Voelkl, B., Szucsich, A., Viranyi, Z., Miklosi, A.

    In this paper, we review reports and present new empirical data from studies with marmosets and dogs that address the correspondence problem of imitation research. We focus on the question of how it is possible to transform visual information into matching motor acts. Here, the important issue is...

  13. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  14. The evolution of extinction risk: Past and present anthropogenic impacts on the primate communities of Madagascar

    Contributor(s):: Godfrey, Laurie R., Irwin, Mitchell T.

  15. Animal pleasure and its moral significance. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J.

    This paper presents arguments for, and evidence in support of, the important role of pleasure in animals' lives, and outlines its considerable significance to humankind's relationship to other animals. In the realms of animal sentience, almost all scholarly discussion revolves around its negative...

  16. Fairness and other-regarding preferences in nonhuman primates

    Contributor(s):: Brosnan, Sarah F.

  17. ¿El ocaso de las especies? Ilya I. Ivanov y los experimentos de hibridación entre humanosy simios en la URSS

    Contributor(s):: Gómez-Soriano, Rubén

  18. Awareness in domesticated animals - concepts and definitions

    Contributor(s):: Piggins, D., Phillips, C. J. C.

  19. A case for a naturalistic perspective

    Contributor(s):: Paxton, D. W.

    This paper continues the debate on a unifying theory of the human-companion animal bond, begun in the first volume of Anthrozoos by Kidd and Kidd (1987:140-57). Research is cited in which the relationship between people and the dog is the case study. It is argued that the animal-animal model may...

  20. Attitudes of Romanian pet caretakers towards sterilization of their animals: gender conflict over male, but not female, companion animals

    Contributor(s):: Cocia, R. I., Rusu, A. S.

    Sterilization of companion animals is in most cases an expression of the caretaker's will. However, little is known about caretakers' attitudes toward pet sterilization in general - these can influence their decision to sterilize their own animals. Three hundred and twelve Romanian caretakers of...