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  1. Smart Technologies Lead to Smart Answers? On the Claim of Smart Sensing Technologies to Tackle Animal Related Societal Concerns in Europe Over Current Pig Husbandry Systems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mona F. Giersberg, Franck L. B. Meijboom

    Current pig production systems in Europe are subject to public criticism. At the same time, Precision Livestock Farming (PLF) technologies, which allow for automated animal monitoring are entering commercial pig farms.With their claim of improving animal health and welfare, these innovations...

  2. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    | Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox

    Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...

  3. Mar 10 2017

    26th Annual Conference for Food Animal Veterinarians

    This conference was started by Dr. Jim Floyd while he was Extension Veterinarian for Auburn University and has become one of the most popular continuing education meetings for food supply and mixed...

    https://habricentral.org/events/details/498

  4. Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study

    | Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green

    A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...

  5. The process of building a new governmental authority based on public demands for improved animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Berg, C., Hammarstrcem, M.

  6. A simple value-distinction approach aids transparency in farm animal welfare debate. (Animals and their welfare)

    | Contributor(s):: Greef, K. de, Stafleu, F., Lauwere, C. de

    Public debate on acceptable farm animal husbandry suffers from a confusion of tongues. To clarify positions of various stakeholder groups in their joint search for acceptable solutions, the concept of animal welfare was split up into three notions: no suffering, respect for intrinsic value, and...

  7. Animal agriculture: symbiosis, culture, or ethical conflict? (Animals and their welfare)

    | Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Olsson, I. A. S.

    Several writers on animal ethics defend the abolition of most or all animal agriculture which they consider an unethical exploitation of sentient non-human animals. However, animal agriculture can also be seen as a co-evolution over thousands of years, that has affected biology and behaviour on...

  8. Taking ethics into account in farm animal breeding: what can the breeding companies achieve? (Animals and their welfare)

    | Contributor(s):: Olsson, I. A. S., Gamborg, C., Sandoe, P.

    Animal welfare and the ethical issues it raises have been discussed intensively for a couple of decades. The emphasis has been on the direct effects of housing and husbandry, but more attention is now being given to problems originating in selective breeding. European attempts to adjust animal...

  9. The ethical contract as a tool in organic animal husbandry

    | Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Anthony, R., Rocklinsberg, H.

    This article explores what an ethic for organic animal husbandry might look like, departing from the assumption that organic farming is substantially based in ecocentric ethics. We argue that farm animals are necessary functional partners in sustainable agroecosystems. We suggest an ethical...

  10. Criteria and potential reasons for maximum journey times for farm animals destined for slaughter

    | Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S.

    It is the view of many organisations that, whenever possible, it is more appropriate to slaughter animals close to their source of production and transport the carcass rather than transport sentient live animals for slaughter, when long journeys may put their welfare at risk. However, more...

  11. Measuring aggressiveness in growing pigs in a resident-intruder situation

    | Contributor(s):: Erhard, H. W., Mendl, M.

    218 pigs of both sexes from 23 litters aged 7 or 11 weeks were used to examine aggressiveness in growing pigs. Individual pigs were isolated in one half of their home pen and an intruder pig was introduced. This pig was 2 to 3 weeks younger than the resident pig. The time from the first contact...

  12. The effect of a fixed or free toy on the growth rate and aggressive behaviour of weaned pigs and the influence of hierarchy on initial investigation of the toys

    | Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K., Thomas, F. J., Lee, J.

    Thirty two groups (12 pigs per group; 14 groups all female, 16 groups all male, 2 groups mixed) of 4- to 5-week old Large WhitexLandracexDuroc weaners were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments (eight groups per treatment): (1) control group with no toys; (2) fixed toy only, hanging from the...

  13. Animal welfare considerations in small ruminant breeding specifications. (Animals and their welfare)

    | Contributor(s):: El-Balaa, R., Marie, M.

    After satisfying their quantitative and qualitative needs with regarding nutrition, consumers in developed countries are becoming more involved in the ethical aspects of food production, especially when it relates to animal products. Social demands for respecting animal welfare in housing systems...

  14. How important is natural behaviour in animal farming systems?

    | Contributor(s):: Spinka, M.

    It is often assumed and demanded that for a good welfare, farm animals should be given "the freedom to express their natural behaviour". This demand is problematic for at least two reasons. First, natural behaviour is difficult to delineate because of its variability and flexibility....

  15. The impact of group size on damaging behaviours, aggression, fear and stress in farm animals.

    | Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Koene, P.

    The aim of this review is to discuss the impact of group size on damaging behaviours, aggression, fear and stress in farm animals and to identify housing- and management options that can help to reduce problems caused by suboptimal group sizes. Increasing group size was found to increase the risk...

  16. The influence of restraint on the occurrence of oral stereotypies in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Redbo, I.

    Sixteen dairy cows with stereotypies (i.e. movements that are repeated regularly without any obvious function) consisting of tongue-rolling, sometimes combined with bar-biting, were exposed to 3 different treatments: Group A was tethered in stalls after a 4-month grazing period, Group B remained...

  17. Behavioural needs of farm animals. Proceedings of a Workshop sponsored by the Farm Animal Care Trust and the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare

    The proceedings take the form of 4 papers on animal behavioural needs and 3 edited discussions of the first 3 papers. The first paper is about animal needs and discusses which are behavioural or psychological. The second paper discusses whether behavioural needs can be explained in terms of...

  18. Behavioural responses of commercially farmed laying hens to humans: evidence of stimulus generalization

    | Contributor(s):: Barnett, J. L., Hemsworth, P. H., Jones, R. B.

    The behavioural responses of birds to experimenters varying in a number of attributes, such as sex, height, clothing and the wearing of spectacles, were determined in a series of 5 experiments. A total of 320 birds aged between 50 and 57 weeks of age and housed in single-hen cages at a large...

  19. Group size, density and social dynamics in farm animals. (Special issue: Too many, too few: the effects of group size and density in captive animals.)

    | Contributor(s):: Estevez, I., Andersen, I. L., Naevdal, E.

    Farm animals are social species with a strong tendency to form groups. Living in groups has associated costs and benefits. The costs refer mostly to competition for food, or access to other valuable resources that may lower the individuals' fitness, while the benefits includes (but are not...

  20. Influence of breed and rearing management on cattle reactions during human handling

    | Contributor(s):: Boivin, X., Neindre, P. le, Garel, J. P., Chupin, J. M.

    The influence of breed and rearing conditions on human-cattle relationships during the first 3 months after birth was investigated by studying the responses to handling of 42 French Salers and 41 Limousin calves, reared in range (n = 41) or traditional conditions (n = 42). The animals were...