The European Union ban on conventional cages for laying hens: history and prospects
Contributor(s):: Appleby, M. C.
Since the publication of "Animal Machines" (Harrison, 1964), there has been widespread public pressure in Europe - supported by European institutions - to "ban the battery cage." The European Union (EU) and national governments (particularly in Northern Europe) funded research on noncage systems...
Farm animal sanctuaries: Postdomestic activism and the transformative power of place
Contributor(s):: Fargo, Timothy Joseph
The need for monitoring farm animal welfare during mass killing for disease eradication purposes
Contributor(s):: Berg, C.
Framing Animal Rights in the "Go Veg" Campaigns of US Animal Rights Organizations
Contributor(s):: Freeman, C. P.
A simple value-distinction approach aids transparency in farm animal welfare debate. (Animals and their welfare)
Contributor(s):: Greef, K. de, Stafleu, F., Lauwere, C. de
Public debate on acceptable farm animal husbandry suffers from a confusion of tongues. To clarify positions of various stakeholder groups in their joint search for acceptable solutions, the concept of animal welfare was split up into three notions: no suffering, respect for intrinsic value, and...
Animal agriculture: symbiosis, culture, or ethical conflict? (Animals and their welfare)
Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Olsson, I. A. S.
Several writers on animal ethics defend the abolition of most or all animal agriculture which they consider an unethical exploitation of sentient non-human animals. However, animal agriculture can also be seen as a co-evolution over thousands of years, that has affected biology and behaviour on...
History and ethics of keeping pets: comparison with farm animals. (Animals and their welfare)
Contributor(s):: Spencer, S., Decuypere, E., Aerts, S., Tavernier, J. de
Perhaps the most common reasons for keeping of pets are companionship and for affection. Pets are, therefore, being used for human ends in much the same way as laboratory or farm animals. So should not the same arguments apply to the use of pets as to those used in other ways? In accepting the...
Minimizing harm in agricultural animal experiments in New Zealand
Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C., Weaver, S. A.
Intrusive agricultural experiments published in New Zealand in the last five years (from 1996-2002) are reviewed in terms of the degree of animal suffering involved, and the necessity for this suffering in relation to research findings. When measured against animal welfare criteria of the...
Taking ethics into account in farm animal breeding: what can the breeding companies achieve? (Animals and their welfare)
Contributor(s):: Olsson, I. A. S., Gamborg, C., Sandoe, P.
Animal welfare and the ethical issues it raises have been discussed intensively for a couple of decades. The emphasis has been on the direct effects of housing and husbandry, but more attention is now being given to problems originating in selective breeding. European attempts to adjust animal...
The ethical contract as a tool in organic animal husbandry
Contributor(s):: Lund, V., Anthony, R., Rocklinsberg, H.
This article explores what an ethic for organic animal husbandry might look like, departing from the assumption that organic farming is substantially based in ecocentric ethics. We argue that farm animals are necessary functional partners in sustainable agroecosystems. We suggest an ethical...
New Zealand's inclusive science-based system for setting animal welfare standards. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)
Contributor(s):: Mellor, D. J., Bayvel, A. C. D.
Inclusiveness and science were, and are, essential contributors to the development and operation of New Zealand's current system for managing animal welfare at a national level. The involvement of individuals and groups with diverse interests, having aligned, complementary or opposing views, is...
Criteria and potential reasons for maximum journey times for farm animals destined for slaughter
Contributor(s):: Cockram, M. S.
It is the view of many organisations that, whenever possible, it is more appropriate to slaughter animals close to their source of production and transport the carcass rather than transport sentient live animals for slaughter, when long journeys may put their welfare at risk. However, more...
The effect of a fixed or free toy on the growth rate and aggressive behaviour of weaned pigs and the influence of hierarchy on initial investigation of the toys
Contributor(s):: Blackshaw, J. K., Thomas, F. J., Lee, J.
Thirty two groups (12 pigs per group; 14 groups all female, 16 groups all male, 2 groups mixed) of 4- to 5-week old Large WhitexLandracexDuroc weaners were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments (eight groups per treatment): (1) control group with no toys; (2) fixed toy only, hanging from the...
Results of a national survey of US veterinary college faculty regarding attitudes toward farm animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heleski, C. R., Mertig, A. G., Zanella, A. J.
Objective - To examine attitudes toward farm animal welfare among veterinary college faculty. Design - E-mail survey. Study Population - 157 US veterinary college faculty with large animal or food animal emphasis. Procedure - Veterinarians from 27 US veterinary colleges were contacted via e-mail...
Animal welfare considerations in small ruminant breeding specifications. (Animals and their welfare)
Contributor(s):: El-Balaa, R., Marie, M.
After satisfying their quantitative and qualitative needs with regarding nutrition, consumers in developed countries are becoming more involved in the ethical aspects of food production, especially when it relates to animal products. Social demands for respecting animal welfare in housing systems...
Meat and morality: alternatives to factory farming
Contributor(s):: Pluhar, E. B.
Scientists have shown that the practice of factory farming is an increasingly urgent danger to human health, the environment, and nonhuman animal welfare. For all these reasons, moral agents must consider alternatives. Vegetarian food production, humane food animal farming, and in-vitro meat...
A note on the behaviour of the chicken that receives feather pecks
| Contributor(s):: Riber, A. B., Forkman, B.
Basic knowledge of feather pecking on the individual level is still limited. The aim of this study was to investigate whether active and inactive individuals preferentially attract feather pecking. Female layer hen chicks were housed in six pens with each 15 chicks. Each occurrence of gentle and...
A sequential analysis of eliminative behaviour in domestic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Bachmann, I.
Knowledge of eliminative behaviour in pigs is of much importance for the design of housing systems in order to minimise soiling of the lying area. 53 piglets, 136 fatteners, 272 finishers and 277 sows were observed as focal animals at regularly used dunging areas in a highly structured housing...
How important is natural behaviour in animal farming systems?
| Contributor(s):: Spinka, M.
It is often assumed and demanded that for a good welfare, farm animals should be given "the freedom to express their natural behaviour". This demand is problematic for at least two reasons. First, natural behaviour is difficult to delineate because of its variability and flexibility....