Farm animals are not humans in sheep clothing
| Contributor(s):: Lorenz Gygax, Christian Nawroth
Research on the mental lives of farm animals is crucial to assess not only their physical but also their psychological wellbeing. Their current housing and handling practices are highly unlikely to meet their cognitive needs and demands, but our knowledge of their mental capacities is still...
Dairy Cow Handling: Does it Affect the Bottom Line?
| Contributor(s):: Marcia I. Endres
Afyonkarahisar İli Süt Sığırcılığı İşletmelerinde Hayvan Refahının Barınak Ve Yetiştirme Şartları Yönünden Değerlendirilmesi
| Contributor(s):: Ersen Şahanoglu
Bu çalışma, sığırcılık işletmelerinde barınak ölçüleri, ekipman, sıcaklık, nem, gazlar ve bazı yetiştirme işlemlerinin hayvan refahı yönünden incelenmesi amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırma 2013 yılında Afyonkarahisar ilinde bulunan 101 adet sığırcılık işletmesinde...
Toward Human-Carnivore Coexistence: Understanding Tolerance for Tigers in Bangladesh
| Contributor(s):: Chloe Inskip, Neil Carter, Shawn Riley, Thomas Roberts, Douglas MacMillan
Fostering local community tolerance for endangered carnivores, such as tigers (Panthera tigris), is a core component of many conservation strategies. Identification of antecedents of tolerance will facilitate the development of effective tolerance-building conservation action and secure...
Turning science into policy: The case of farm animal welfare in Canada
| Contributor(s):: David Fraser
Development of farm animal welfare standards in Canada has evolved significantly over 35 yr in terms of process, leadership, and the role of science. Key elements of the current process include: 1) influential producers and producer organizations that see the benefit of having...
Assessing the Social and Psychological Impacts of Endemic Animal Disease Amongst Farmers
| Contributor(s):: Delyth Crimes, Gareth Enticott
Outbreaks of exotic animal disease, such as Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) are associated with social and psychological impacts amongst farmers. Whilst claims of similar impacts for endemic diseases have been made, there is little empirical evidence to justify these assertions. This paper...
Duties to Socialise with Domesticated Animals: Farmed Animal Sanctuaries as Frontiers of Friendship
| Contributor(s):: Guy Scotton
I argue that humans have a duty to socialise with domesticated animals, especially members of farmed animal species: to make efforts to include them in our social lives in circumstances that make friendships possible. Put another way, domesticated animals have a claim to opportunities to...
Understanding Cows' Emotions on Farm: Are Eye White and Ear Posture Reliable Indicators?
| Contributor(s):: Monica Battini, Anna Agostini, Silvana Mattiello
Understanding the emotions of dairy cows is primarily important in enhancing the level of welfare and provide a better life on farm. This study explored whether eye white and ear posture can reliably contribute to interpret valence and arousal of emotions in dairy cows. The research was...
Small Ruminants: Farmers' Hope in a World Threatened by Water Scarcity
| Contributor(s):: Oluwakamisi F. Akinmoladun, Voster Muchenje, Fabian N. Fon, Conference T. Mpendulo
The availability and sustainability of suitable and good quality drinking water is a global concern. Such uncertainties threaten livestock production with an attendant ripple effect on food security. Small ruminants, including sheep and goats, appear to be promising to smallholder farmers in...
Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung auf die Eutergesundheit von Milchkühen
| Contributor(s):: Silvia Ivemeyer
In der vorliegenden Arbeit wurde der Einfluss der Mensch-Tier-Beziehung sowie verschiedener Managementmaßnahmen auf die Eutergesundheit der Milchviehherden von 46 Schweizer Betrieben, die am Bestandsbetreuungsprogramm mit Schwerpunkt Eutergesundheit „pro-Q“ teilnahmen,...
Livestock and local development: Going to a new human-animal relationship
| Contributor(s):: Jean François Tourrand, Laurent Dobremez, Benoit Dedieu, Guillaume Duteurtre, M. G. Piketty, P. Lescoat, B. Hubert
Along the past ten years, the French National Agency for Research (ANR) has financed projects regarding livestock. Results of five projects were gathered to understand the long-term livestock trends. At the end of the 19th century, animal breeding was oriented towards the production of goods to...
A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools
| Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli
A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...
Hair Cortisol in Sheltered Cows and Its Association with Other Welfare Indicators
| Contributor(s):: Arvind Sharma, Govindhaswamy Umapathy, Vinod Kumar, Clive J. C. Phillips
India, the country with the largest population of dairy cows in the world, has a policy of retiring abandoned and non-lactating cows in shelters, but the level of provision for their welfare in these shelters is unclear. Cows in 54 shelters across India were assessed for historic evidence of...
Feather Pecking and Cannibalism in Non-Beak-Trimmed Laying Hen Flocks—Farmers' Perspectives
| Contributor(s):: Eija Kaukonen, Anna Valros
Pecking-related problems are common in intensive egg production, compromising hen welfare, causing farmers economic losses and negatively affecting sustainability. These problems are often controlled by beak trimming, which in Finland is prohibited. An online questionnaire aimed to collect...
Aromatic Profile, Physicochemical and Sensory Traits of Dry-Fermented Sausages Produced without Nitrites Using Pork from Krškopolje Pig Reared in Organic and Conventional Husbandry
| Contributor(s):: Martin Škrlep, Marjeta Cˇ andek-Potokar, Nina Batorek-Lukac, Urška Tomažin, Mónica Flores
Dry-fermented sausages were produced in a traditional way, without addition of nitrites and starter cultures, from meat of an autochthonous breed (Krškopolje pig) raised either in a conventional indoor or organic husbandry system. Physicochemical and sensory analyses were performed at...
Thermal Micro-Environment during Poultry Transportation in South Central United States
| Contributor(s):: Douglas J. Aldridge, Kaushik Luthra, Yi Liang, Karen Christensen, Susan E. Watkins, Colin G. Scanes
This observational study was conducted to characterize the thermal micro- climate that broilers experienced in commercial poultry transporters under various weather conditions and typical management practices in the South Central USA. We continuously monitored temperature and relative humidity...
Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Behavior in a Domestic Goat Herd
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie Peramas
Animal welfare is one of the most important parts of animal management. Apart from other measures of good animal welfare, like being in good health, animal behavior can be indicative of the animal’s internal state and is often one of the first signs of improper welfare. Stereotypies, or...
Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers
| Contributor(s):: Lauren K. Landfried, Ellen K. Barnidge, Patrick Pithua, Roger D. Lewis, Jonathan Jacoby, Christopher C. King, Carole R. Baskin
Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than the national average, so we attempted to identify factors related to goat...
A benefit-cost analysis decision framework for mitigation of disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface
| Contributor(s):: Stephanie A Shwiff, Steven J Sweeney, Julie L Elser, Ryan S Miller, Matthew L Farnsworth, Pauline Nol, Steven S Shwiff, Aaron M Anderson
The economics of managing disease transmission at the wildlife–livestock interface have received heightened attention as agricultural and natural resource agencies struggle to tackle growing risks to animal health. In the fiscal landscape of increased scrutiny and shrinking budgets,...
Comparison of Vocalization Patterns in Piglets Which Were Crushed to Those Which Underwent Human Restraint
| Contributor(s):: Nichole M. Chapel, Jeffrey R. Lucas, Scott Radcliffe, Kara R. Stewart, Donald C. Lay Jr.
: Though many studies focused on piglet crushing utilizing piglet vocalizations to test sow response, none have verified the properties of test vocalizations against actual crushing events. Ten sows were observed 48 h after parturition, and crushing events were recorded from all sows. When a...