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  1. Toward Human-Carnivore Coexistence: Understanding Tolerance for Tigers in Bangladesh

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chloe Inskip, Neil Carter, Shawn Riley, Thomas Roberts, Douglas MacMillan

    Fostering local community tolerance for endangered carnivores, such as tigers (Panthera tigris), is a core component of many conservation strategies. Identification of antecedents of tolerance will facilitate the development of effective tolerance-building conservation action and secure...

  2. Goats Follow Human Pointing Gestures in an Object Choice Task

    | Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Martin, Z. M., McElligott, A. G.

  3. On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship

    | Contributor(s):: Bernadette Earley, Mickael Mazurek, Margaret Murray, Daniel J. Prendiville

    On farm welfare assessment of beef cattle using an environmentally-based welfare index and investigation of the human-animal relationship. Study 1. Animal welfare index (AWI): an on-farm survey of beef suckler farms in Ireland. Study 2. Investigation and specificity of behavioural fear responses...

  4. Human/Farm Animal Relationships

    | Contributor(s):: Jack L. Albright

    There are various combinations of human beings and farm animals. This paper attempts to evaluate those few studies of humans handling farm animals within a prescribed environment. Personality traits of dairy farmers and livestock people as determined by the Eysenck Personality Inventory (Eysenck...

  5. Zoo Animals, Livestock, and Pets, Oh MY! An Exploration of the Ethics of Captive Breeding

    | Contributor(s):: Colleen McArdle

    What is captive breeding? Captive breeding is a mode of breeding in which humans decide which animals will be parents and arrange reproduction for purposes that we define. Zoos have used it as a conservation strategy in the United States since the 1960’s, but it is also used to breed...

  6. An assessment of community understanding of the Human Animal Conservancy Self-Insurance Scheme and the impact of human-wildlife conflicts : a case study from the Kwandu conservancy, north-east Namibia.

    | Contributor(s):: Marthin Kaukaha Kasaona

    The research problem of this mini-dissertation involves the conflicts between human and wildlife populations and the trialing of ‘compensation’ payouts that are emerging as a critical test within the conservancy. Crop raiders such as elephants, buffaloes, hippopotamus, bush pigs and...

  7. Watching cows: associating farmer wellbeing and cows

    | Contributor(s):: L.M. Hunt

    This presentation highlights the relationship between wellbeing achieved by farming and the care of cows with dairy farmers participating in the ARGOS programme. Its purpose is to indicate how environmental care might be part of farmers’ everyday life and become part of their sense of...

  8. A systematic review of zoonoses transmission and livestock/wildlife interactions: Preliminary findings

    | Contributor(s):: Delia Grace, R. Kock, J. Rushton, F. Mutua, J.J. McDermott, D.U. Pfeiffer, B. Jones

    Around 60% of all human pathogens are zoonoses and domestic animals and wildlife are of equal importance as reservoir hosts. Moreover, most emerging infectious diseases are zoonoses and most emerge from wildlife. There have been several recent initiatives to categorize zoonoses and their...

  9. Potty Trained Cows? Transform Farming with Technology: Dr. Alison Vaughan, PhD at TEDxChilliwack

    | Contributor(s):: Dr. Alison Vaughan

    My name is Dr Alison Vaughan. I’d like to share with you some of the exciting ways in which technology can be used to increase the welfare of farm animals and reduce the environmental impact of farms. More specifically, I’d like to share with you my experiences of potty training cows!...

  10. Farm animal-assisted interventions in clinical depression

    | Contributor(s):: Ingeborg Pedersen

    Depression affects millions of people every year. Depressed individuals suffer from depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, reduced energy, diminished activity, reduced attention and concentration and reduced self-esteem. The consequences are substantial both for each individual and for...

  11. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    | Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox

    Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...

  12. The effects of wildlife-livestock-human interactions on habitat in the Meru Conservation Area, Kenya

    | Contributor(s):: J. Otuoma

  13. Early exposure to dogs and farm animals and the risk of childhood asthma

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Cecilia Lundholm, Anne K. Ortqvist, Katja Fall, Fang Fang, Ake Hedhammar, Olle Kampe, Erik Ingelsson, Catarina Almqvist

    IMPORTANCE: The association between early exposure to animals and childhood  asthma is not clear, and previous studies have yielded contradictory results.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to dogs and farm animals confers a risk  of asthma. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:...

  14. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    | Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  15. Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist

    | Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson

    Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...

  16. Animals and Causal Impotence: A Deontological View

    | Contributor(s):: Blake Hereth

    In animal ethics, some ethicists such as Peter Singer argue that we ought not to purchase animal products because doing so causally contributes to unnecessary suffering. Others, such as Russ Shafer-Landau, counter that where such unnecessary suffering is not causally dependent on one’s...

  17. Understanding Life Skills Gained from and Reasons for Youth Participation in the Tennessee 4-H Sheep Skillathon

    | Contributor(s):: Terra Kimes Davis, Christopher T. Stripling, Carrie A. Stephens, H. Dwight Loveday

    The high number of U.S. youth exhibiting at-risk behavior points to a lack of life skills development. We determined the effects of participating in one state's 4-H sheep skillathon on youths' life skills development and the youths' reasons for participating. The target population was...

  18. Revealing the History of Sheep Domestication Using Retrovirus Integrations

    | Contributor(s):: Bernardo Chessa, Filipe Pereira, Frederick Arnaud, Antonio Amorim, Felix Goyache, Ingrid Mainland

    The domestication of livestock represented a crucial step in human history. By using endogenous retroviruses as genetic markers, we found that sheep differentiated on the basis of their "retrotype" and morphological traits dispersed across Eurasia and Africa via separate migratory...

  19. Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study

    | Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green

    A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...

  20. Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design

    | Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin

    Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...