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  1. A Survey of Italian Dairy Farmers' Propensity for Precision Livestock Farming Tools

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabio Abeni, Francesca Petrera, Andrea Galli

    A targeted survey was designed with the aim of describing the diffusion of precision livestock farming (PLF) tools in one of the most intensive dairy farming provinces in Italy. Technicians at the Provincial Breeder Association of Cremona interviewed 490 dairy farmers and obtained data...

  2. Validation of a Commercially Available Enzyme ImmunoAssay for the Determination of Oxytocin in Plasma Samples from Seven Domestic Animal Species

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cecile Bienboire-Frosini, Camille Chabaud, Alessandro Cozzi, Elisa Codecasa, Patrick Pageat

    The neurohormone oxytocin (OT) has a broad range of behavioral effects in mammals. It modulates a multitude of social behaviors, e.g., affiliative and sexual interactions. Consequently, the OT role in various animal species is increasingly explored. However, several issues have been raised...

  3. What Extension Personnel Should Know About Midwestern Goat Producers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelsey F. Cole, Catherine Hoegeman, Benjamin M. Onyango, Jodie A. Pennington, Charlotte A. Clifford-Rathert, Elizabeth L. Walker

    The growth of the goat industry has created opportunities for producers looking for a profitable alternative enterprise. Little is known about goat production or educational needs of producers in Missouri and Arkansas. A survey of goat producers in Missouri and Arkansas addressed farm...

  4. Supporting the Development and Adoption of Automatic Lameness Detection Systems in Dairy Cattle: Effect of System Cost and Performance on Potential Market Shares

    | Contributor(s):: Tim Van De Gutcht, Stephanie Van Weyenberg, Annelies Van Nuffel, Ludwig Lauwers, Jurgen Vangeyte, Wouter Saeys

    Most automatic lameness detection system prototypes have not yet been commercialized, and are hence not yet adopted in practice. Therefore, the objective of this study was to simulate the effect of detection performance (percentage missed lame cows and percentage false alarms) and system cost on...

  5. Pig Age and Approachability Behavior to a Human Observer

    | Contributor(s):: Shawna Weimar, Anna K. Johnson, Kenneth J. Stalder, Locke A. Karriker, Thomas Fangman

    The objective of this experiment was to determine if nursery pig age affected how many pigs touched and orientated to a human, or were classified as not-orientated during a human-animal interaction test using live human observation and digital image collection methodology. A complete randomized...

  6. Hazards of Getting Sick from Contact with Farm Animals at Fairs and Petting Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Aurora A. Saulo

    Animals exhibited at fairs, farm centers, and in petting zoos are very popular and educational, and they bring much joy to people, especially children, but in addition to warm memories of holding them, there is risk that immunocompromised people may take home harmful—even...

  7. Suomenkarjan käyttö terapiaeläimenä

    | Contributor(s):: Anu Kinnunen

    Suomen alkuperäiskarjojen annettiin miltei kuolla sukupuuttoon, ennen kuin niiden suojeluun viimein parikymmentä vuotta sitten havahduttiin. Arvokkaan geeniaineksen katoaminen olisi ollut kohtalokasta maamme jalostustyölle ja kotieläinlajien monimuotoisuudelle....

  8. Technology and restructuring the social field of dairy farming: hybrid capitals, 'stockmanship' and Automatic Milking Systems

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Butler, D., Holloway, L.

    Using Automatic Milking Systems (AMS) as an example we use the work of Bourdieu to illustrate how technology can be seen as restructuring dairy farming practices, what it is to be a dairy farmer, and the wider field of dairy farming. Approaching technology in this way and drawing upon the...

  9. The Effects of Animal-Assisted Activities on the Social and Emotional Development of Young Children with Characteristics of Emotional Behavioral Disorders

    | Contributor(s):: Elaine K. Schmid

    As emotional behavioral disorders become more prevalent throughout the school-age population, intervention during the early childhood ages is becoming key. Considering that social emotional delays are risk factors for emotional behavioral disorders and the evidence of social-emotional health in...

  10. Exploration Feeding and Higher Space Allocation Improve Welfare of Growing-Finishing Pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Herman M Vermeer, Nienke CPMM Dirx-Kuijken, Marc BM Bracke

    Lack of environmental enrichment and high stocking densities in growing-finishing pigs can lead to adverse social behaviors directed to pen mates, resulting in skin lesions, lameness, and tail biting. The objective of the study was to improve animal welfare and prevent biting behavior in an...

  11. A Decade of Progress toward Ending the Intensive Confinement of Farm Animals in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Sara Shields, Paul Shapiro, Andrew Rowan

    In this paper, the Humane Society of the United States (HSUS) farm animal protection work over the preceding decade is described from the perspective of the organization. Prior to 2002, there were few legal protections for animals on the farm, and in 2005, a new campaign at the HSUS began to...

  12. Green Care: A Review of the Benefits and Potential of Animal-Assisted Care Farming Globally and in Rural America

    | Contributor(s):: Brianna Artz, Doris Bitler Davis

    The term Green Care includes therapeutic, social or educational interventions involving farming; farm animals; gardening or general contact with nature. Although Green Care can occur in any setting in which there is interaction with plants or animals, this review focuses on therapeutic practices...

  13. Heartland Farm Sanctuary

    Heartland Farm Sanctuary, which opened in 2010, is a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping homeless farm animals in Wisconsin, and building connections between animals and vulnerable youth. We created Heartland to provide a safe, peaceful environment where youth and farm animals...

  14. Watching cows: associating farmer wellbeing and cows

    | Contributor(s):: L.M. Hunt

    This presentation highlights the relationship between wellbeing achieved by farming and the care of cows with dairy farmers participating in the ARGOS programme. Its purpose is to indicate how environmental care might be part of farmers’ everyday life and become part of their sense of...

  15. Potty Trained Cows? Transform Farming with Technology: Dr. Alison Vaughan, PhD at TEDxChilliwack

    | Contributor(s):: Dr. Alison Vaughan

    My name is Dr Alison Vaughan. I’d like to share with you some of the exciting ways in which technology can be used to increase the welfare of farm animals and reduce the environmental impact of farms. More specifically, I’d like to share with you my experiences of potty training cows!...

  16. Farm animal-assisted interventions in clinical depression

    | Contributor(s):: Ingeborg Pedersen

    Depression affects millions of people every year. Depressed individuals suffer from depressed mood, loss of interest and enjoyment, reduced energy, diminished activity, reduced attention and concentration and reduced self-esteem. The consequences are substantial both for each individual and for...

  17. Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment

    | Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox

    Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...

  18. Early exposure to dogs and farm animals and the risk of childhood asthma

    | Contributor(s):: Tove Fall, Cecilia Lundholm, Anne K. Ortqvist, Katja Fall, Fang Fang, Ake Hedhammar, Olle Kampe, Erik Ingelsson, Catarina Almqvist

    IMPORTANCE: The association between early exposure to animals and childhood  asthma is not clear, and previous studies have yielded contradictory results.OBJECTIVE: To determine whether exposure to dogs and farm animals confers a risk  of asthma. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:...

  19. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    | Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  20. Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist

    | Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson

    Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...