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  1. Exploratory study of fecal cortisol, weight, and behavior as measures of stress and welfare in shelter cats during assimilation into families of children with autism spectrum disorder

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carlisle, G. K., Johnson, R. A., Koch, C. S., Lyons, L. A., Wang, Z., Bibbo, J., Cheak-Zamora, N.

    Background: Cats are a common companion animal (CA) in US households, and many live in families of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The prevalence of ASD is one in 54, and many children have behavior challenges as well as their diagnostic communication disorders. Objective:...

  2. Environmentally enriching American mink ( Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  3. Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...

  4. A case study: fecal corticosteroid and behavior as indicators of welfare during relocation of an Asian elephant

    | Contributor(s):: Laws, N., Ganswindt, A., Heistermann, M., Harris, M., Harris, S., Sherwin, C.

    This study was a preliminary investigation of an enzyme immunoassay for measuring fecal glucocorticoid metabolites in a male Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) by investigating changes in behavior and cortisol metabolite excretion associated with a putative stressful event. The study collected...

  5. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  6. Influence of environmental conditions and facility on faecal glucocorticoid concentrations in captive pygmy rabbits ( Brachylagus idahoensis)

    | Contributor(s):: Scarlata, C. D., Elias, B. A., Godwin, J. R., Powell, R. A., Shepherdson, D., Shipley, L. A., Brown, J. L.

  7. Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids

    | Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.

  8. What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?

    | Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.

  9. Effect of short and long periods of separation on agonistic behaviour, injuries and stress in Herens cows kept in loose housing

    | Contributor(s):: Castro, I. M. L., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

    Hérens cows are typically not dehorned and are therefore housed in tie-barns during winter. Recently, however, farmers have started to also use loose housing systems. They separate single cows from their herd for periods of a few days to ensure undisturbed calving and to avoid excessive...

  10. Monitoring stress hormone metabolites as a useful, non-invasive tool for welfare assessment in farm animals

    | Contributor(s):: Palme, R.

  11. Diurnal distribution of dairy cow defecation and urination

    | Contributor(s):: Aland, A., Lidfors, L., Ekesbo, I.

    This study investigated the diurnal distribution of urination and defaecation in tied dairy cows with reference to management routines and milk yield/feeding intensity. A total of 16 lactating cows and 4 heifers were videotaped during 9 consecutive 24-h periods. The cows had a mean of 16.1...

  12. Eliminatory behaviour of domestic dogs in an urban environment

    | Contributor(s):: Reid, J. B., Chantrey, D. F., Davie, C.

  13. Influence of weaning age and an experimental Haemonchus contortus infection on behaviour and growth rates of lambs

    | Contributor(s):: Schichowski, C., Moors, E., Gauly, M.

    Four groups of 20 lambs each, differing in weaning age (6 or 13 weeks) and infection with Haemonchus contortus (infection after weaning or simultaneous to weaning), were observed and compared regarding the behaviour before, during and after these procedures. Furthermore the influence on...

  14. The maintenance behaviour and cleanliness of pigs in two-tier weaner decks

    | Contributor(s):: Lewis, N. J., Christison, G. I.

    Tiered weaner decks for pigs appear to have a major disadvantage because the faeces and urine from the pigs in the top pens drop through to the pigs in the lower pens. This may affect the well-being of these pigs and may cause the development of poor dunging habits. To determine the general...

  15. Discrimination between conspecific odour samples in the horse ( Equus caballus )

    | Contributor(s):: Hothersall, B., Harris, P., Sortoft, L., Nicol, C. J.

    Behavioural observations suggest that smell is important in social discriminations between horses but balanced studies of this capacity are lacking. We used a habituation-discrimination procedure to investigate the ability of horses to distinguish between pairs of odour samples from different...

  16. Cross-institutional assessment of stress responses in zoo animals using longitudinal monitoring of faecal corticoids and behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Shepherdson, D. J., Carlstead, K. C., Wielebnowski, N.

    Cross-institutional studies that combine non-invasive physiological measures of stress responses and the assessment of individual differences in behaviour and temperament have great potential as tools for assessing the well-being of zoo animals and for identifying key environmental stimuli...

  17. Do double cages and access to occupational materials improve the welfare of farmed mink?

    | Contributor(s):: Hansen, S. W., Malmkvist, J., Palme, R., Damgaard, B. M.

    The effects of cage enrichments and additional space were studied in 60 pairs of mink kits kept in standard cages (STD) and 67 pairs of mink kits kept in enriched cages (ENR). During the period from mid July to the end of September both groups had alternate access to one and two connected cages....

  18. Enriching the metabolic cage: effects on rat physiology and behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Sorensen, D. B., Mortensen, K., Bertelsen, T., Vognbjerg, K.

    Metabolic cages are used for housing rats and mice for up to five days for collection of urine and/or faeces. The small, barren area of the metabolic cage compromises animal welfare as the animals lack a solid floor, shelter, nest material and social contact. We constructed and tested a...

  19. Faecal glucocorticoid level is not correlated with stereotypic pacing in two captive margays ( Leopardus wiedii )

    | Contributor(s):: Gusset, M.

    The 'coping hypothesis' of stereotypic behaviour - that stereotypies are performed as a means of helping the animal to cope with its environment by reducing stress - was tested using two adult female margays (Leopardus wiedii), an endangered neotropical small cat species. Within-individual and...

  20. Relationships between multiple welfare indicators measured in individual chickens across different time periods and environments

    | Contributor(s):: Nicol, C. J., Caplen, G., Edgar, J., Richards, G., Browne, W. J.

    The assessment of animal welfare requires the collection of multiple indicators of welfare but quantification of their associations in different contexts is lacking. Previous studies have examined correlations between a few indicators, but not relationships between many different indicators, or...