Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.
Feeders of Free-Roaming Cats: Personal Characteristics, Feeding Practices, and Data on Cat Health and Welfare in an Urban Setting of Israel
Contributor(s):: Idit Gunther, Tal Raz, Yehonatan Even Zor, Yuval Bachowski, Eyal Klement
Cat feeders serve as an important source of available food for free-roaming cats (FRCs) and can play a central role in providing data on FRC distribution, welfare, and health. Data on cat feeder personalities as well as a better understanding of their feeding practices offer relevance for...
"Who's been a good dog?" - Owner perceptions and motivations for treat giving
Contributor(s):: White, G. A., Ward, L., Pink, C., Craigon, J., Millar, K. M.
Complex relationships commonly exist between owners and their companion animals, particularly around feeding behaviour with an owner's affection or love for their animal most pronounced through the provision of food. It is notable that the pet food market is experiencing strong year-on-year...
A two pan feeding trial with companion dogs: considerations for future testing
Contributor(s):: Jodi C. Vondran
Palatability of pet foods is judged by the use of animals in colonies. Pet food manufacturers would like to understand how palatable a food is compared to another food. This generally is accomplished by a two pan test where a pet has the opportunity to freely choose between two foods. Preference...
An investigation into the feeding behaviour and diet selection of the domestic horse
Contributor(s):: Marie Clare Cairns
This study sought to investigate feeding behaviour and diet selection of horses exposed to concentrate feed of differing flavours and nutrient contents in different situations. Firstly behaviour was studied in a simple choice test. The results showed that when thehorses have no previous...
A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland
Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.
Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...
Feeding behavior and the effect of photoperiod on the performance and hematological parameters of the pacama catfish ( Lophiosilurus alexandri)
Contributor(s):: Kitagawa, A. T., Costa, L. S., Paulino, R. R., Luz, R. K., Rosa, P. V., Guerra-Santos, B., Fortes-Silva, R.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the rhythms of feeding and locomotor activity, the ability to synchronize to a fixed feeding time, and the influence of photoperiod on the growth parameters, feed intake and hematological parameters of a recently introduced fish in freshwater Brazilian...
Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation
Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de
Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...
Condensed tannins reduce browsing and increase grazing time of free-ranging goats in semi-arid savannas
Contributor(s):: Mkhize, N. R., Heitkonig, I. M. A., Scogings, P. F., Dziba, L. E., Prins, H. H. T., Boer, W. F. de
Tannin concentrations fluctuate spatially and temporally within and among plant species, with consequences for forage quality of herbivores. The extent to which these fluctuations influence foraging activities of goats is not fully understood. While accounting for the effects of the time of the...
The effect of four different feeding regimes on rabbit behaviour
Contributor(s):: Prebble, J. L., Langford, F. M., Shaw, D. J., Meredith, A. L.
Dietary composition and presentation impacts on the behaviour of animals, and failure to provide a suitable diet can lead to reduced welfare through the development of poor health, the inability to express normal behaviours and the development of abnormal behaviours. This study assessed the...
Predicting time spent on different behavioural activities from physicochemical properties of fibrous diets in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Bakare, A. G., Ndou, S. P., Madzimure, J., Chimonyo, M.
The objective of the present study was to predict time spent on different behavioural activities by finishing pigs, using physicochemical measurements of fibrous feed. Eighty four Large White * Landrace barrows with 80.54.7 kg body weight (BW) at the beginning of the experiment were used. Feed...
Events around weaning in semi-feral and stable-reared Konik polski foals: evaluation of short-term physiological and behavioural responses
Contributor(s):: Gorecka-Bruzda, A., Suwala, M., Palme, R., Jaworski, Z., Jastrzebska, E., Boron, M., Jezierski, T.
The annual weaning, stabling and subsequent sale of semi-feral Konik polski foals born in forest reserves ensure a stable population of free-roaming Konik polski horses. However, welfare concerns regarding the maternal and herd separation of young horses, manipulation by humans, transportation...
Pet feeding practices of dog and cat owners in the United States and Australia
Contributor(s):: Laflamme, D. P., Abood, S. K., Fascetti, A. J., Fleeman, L. M., Freeman, L. M., Michel, K. E., Bauer, C., Kemp, B. L., Doren, J. R., Willoughby, K. N.
Cage use and feeding height preferences of captive common marmosets ( Callithrix j. jacchus ) in two-tier cages
Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, H. M., Shand, C., Morris, K.
Determining appropriate feeding regimes has important welfare implications for captive primates. This study examined the preference of food bowl heights in 6 pairs of common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus) housed in a 2-tier cage system. Given that marmosets are arboreal and spend most of their...
Do domestic pigs in controlled environments contrafreeload?
Contributor(s):: Young, R. J., Lawrence, A. B.
Many experiments report that animals will work (lever press) for food in the presence of freely available identical food. This phenomenon has attracted the attention of applied ethologists because it seems to prove that animals have a need to express appetitive behaviour. If this is the case,...
Nutritional and behavioral effects of gorge and fast feeding in captive lions
Contributor(s):: Altman, J. D., Gross, K. L., Lowry, S. R.
Nonhuman animals in captivity manifest behaviors and physiological conditions that are not common in the wild. Lions in captivity face problems of obesity, inactivity, and stereotypy. To mediate common problems of captive lions, this study implemented a gorge and fast feeding schedule that better...
Oral behaviors of beef steers in pen and pasture environments
Contributor(s):: Ishiwata, T., Uetake, K., Kilgour, R. J., Eguchi, Y., Tanaka, T.
This study observed the behavioral characteristics of 122 steers in eight pens and 1,136 steers at six pastures. Nonhuman animals kept in pens performed less nutritive oral behaviors and more nonnutritive oral behaviors than animals kept at pasture. Although these could not be described as...
Spectral analysis of feeding and lying behavior of cattle kept under different feedlot conditions
Contributor(s):: Wilson, S. C., Dobos, R. C., Fell, L. R.
This study used spectral analysis in 2 separate experiments to examine feeding and lying behavior of Bos taurus steers under 2 housing treatments: a feedlot yard stocked at 12.0 m2 per head with a dry, firm pen surface (NDF) and a "high density" (HDF) feedlot yard stocked at 6.0 m2 per head with...
What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?
Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.
Behavioral ecology of savanna chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) with respect to insectivory at Fongoli, Senegal
Contributor(s):: Stephanie Lynn Bogart, Jill D. Pruetz (adviser)
In this dissertation I examine the behavioral ecology of savanna chimpanzees in Senegal. I test hypotheses related to the effects of the environment on the diet of the chimpanzees at Fongoli, concentrating on their insectivory specifically. Fongoli is the hottest and driest site in which...