Can stealing cows distort the results of feeding trials? An experiment for quantification and prevention of stealing feed by dairy cows from roughage intake control feeders
Contributor(s):: Ruuska, Salla, Hämäläinen, Wilhelmiina, Sairanen, Auvo, Juutinen, Elina, Tuomisto, Leena, Järvinen, Mikko, Mononen, Jaakko
Practical experience suggests that stealing behaviour of dairy cows may affect the results in feeding trials, when automated feed troughs are used for measuring and controlling the feed intake. The objectives of the present study were to analyse the stealing behaviour from the log data of the...
Relationships between lameness and feeding behaviour in cubicle-housed Holstein–Friesian dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Palmer, Maeve A., Law, Ryan, O’Connell, Niamh E.
The relationship between lameness and feeding behaviour in dairy cows is not yet fully understood. This study examined the effect of lameness on feeding behaviour at two points during lactation. Forty-five Holstein–Friesian dairy cows (average parity 3.3) were housed in cubicle accommodation...
Ration composition affects short-term diurnal feeding patterns of dairy heifers
Contributor(s):: Greter, Angela M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G., DeVries, Trevor J.
The objective of this study was to compare the short-term (first week of adaptation to a new ration) behaviour of dairy heifers when fed a low-concentrate, high-forage ration ad libitum to when fed a high-concentrate ration in a limited amount followed by ad libitum access to straw for the...
Application of pre-partum feeding and social behaviour in predicting risk of developing metritis in crossbred cows
Contributor(s):: Patbandha, Tapas Kumar, Mohanty, Tushar Kumar, Layek, Siddhartha Shankar, Kumaresan, Arumugam, Behera, Kumaresh
The present study reports the pre-partum behaviour of crossbred cows and the behavioural markers to predict the risk of developing post-partum metritis in this species. Dry pregnant crossbred cows (n=20) were observed continuously from 3 weeks before calving till the date of calving using video...
Personality is associated with feeding behavior and performance in dairy calves
Contributor(s):: Neave, H. W., Costa, J. H. C., Weary, D. M., von Keyserlingk, M. A. G.
Relationships between feeding behaviour, activity, dominance and feed efficiency in finishing beef steers
Contributor(s):: Haskell, Marie J., Rooke, John A., Roehe, Rainer, Turner, Simon P., Hyslop, James J., Waterhouse, Anthony, Duthie, Carol-Anne
To increase the profitability and sustainability of beef production systems, the use of animals with high feed efficiency is preferred. Efficient animals eat less than their peers for the same or better growth. This efficiency can be measured using feed conversion ratios (FCR) and residual feed...
Responsiveness of beef cattle (Bos taurus) to human approach, novelty, social isolation, restraint and trade-offs between feeding and social companionship
Contributor(s):: Hirata, M., Kubo, S., Taketomi, I., Matsumoto, Y.
Watching cows: associating farmer wellbeing and cows
Contributor(s):: L.M. Hunt
This presentation highlights the relationship between wellbeing achieved by farming and the care of cows with dairy farmers participating in the ARGOS programme. Its purpose is to indicate how environmental care might be part of farmers’ everyday life and become part of their sense of...
Oral behaviors of beef steers in pen and pasture environments
Contributor(s):: Ishiwata, T., Uetake, K., Kilgour, R. J., Eguchi, Y., Tanaka, T.
This study observed the behavioral characteristics of 122 steers in eight pens and 1,136 steers at six pastures. Nonhuman animals kept in pens performed less nutritive oral behaviors and more nonnutritive oral behaviors than animals kept at pasture. Although these could not be described as...
Spectral analysis of feeding and lying behavior of cattle kept under different feedlot conditions
Contributor(s):: Wilson, S. C., Dobos, R. C., Fell, L. R.
This study used spectral analysis in 2 separate experiments to examine feeding and lying behavior of Bos taurus steers under 2 housing treatments: a feedlot yard stocked at 12.0 m2 per head with a dry, firm pen surface (NDF) and a "high density" (HDF) feedlot yard stocked at 6.0 m2 per head with...
What is the relationship between level of infection and 'sickness behaviour' in cattle?
Contributor(s):: Szyszka, O., Kyriazakis, I.
An automatic system to record foraging behaviour in free-ranging ruminants
Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Champion, R. A., Penning, P. D.
Precise measurements of grazing behaviour are required to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the foraging behaviour of free-ranging domestic ruminants. An automatic, microcomputer-based system for the digital recording of the jaw movements of free-ranging cattle and sheep is...
Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)
Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.
This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...
Behaviour of calves at introduction to nurse cows after the colostrum period
Contributor(s):: Vaarst, M., Jensen, M. B., Sandager, A. M.
In traditional housing systems for dairy herds, calves are very often placed in single boxes and fed milk from a bucket, which may lead to abnormal behaviour. In organic herds, for whom the aim is optimal animal welfare, there is interest in using suckling systems, where the calves have the...
Cross-sucking and other oral behaviours in calves, and their relation to cow suckling and food provision
Contributor(s):: Margerison, J. K., Preston, T. R., Berry, N., Phillips, C. J. C.
Abnormal oral behaviour in calves is believed to develop when there is a lack of opportunity to suckle, but it is unclear whether they need access to their mother or whether a multiple suckling system will suffice to prevent this behaviour from developing. Therefore, in an initial experiment, the...
Dairy cows trade-off feed quality with proximity to a dominant individual in Y-maze choice tests
Contributor(s):: Rioja-Lang, F. C., Roberts, D. J., Healy, S. D., Lawrence, A. B., Haskell, M. J.
In this experiment choice tests were used as a tool to determine how dairy cows perceive their feeding environment with specific emphasis on understanding the challenges that low ranking animals face when forced to feed in the presence of socially dominant cows. It was hypothesised that cows...
Diet preference for grass and legumes in free-ranging domestic sheep and cattle: current theory and future application
Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M.
This paper reviews the current theory and potential practical applications of research on the diet preference for grass and legumes in grazing domestic sheep and cattle. Although much of this work has focussed on grass and clover as a model system, it has wider theoretical implications and...
Dietary preference of dairy heifers grazing ryegrass and white clover, with and without an anti-bloat treatment
Contributor(s):: Rutter, S. M., Orr, R. J., Yarrow, N. H., Champion, R. A.
The effect of an antibloat treatment on the dietary preference of nonpregnant Holstein x Friesian heifers for ryegrass and white clover was studied. Eight groups of two heifers grazed 0.51 ha plots containing adjacent monocultures of grass alongside clover with either 25 or 75% clover (by ground...
Effect of dairy cattle husbandry on behavioural patterns of red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) in the Italian Alps
Contributor(s):: Mattiello, S., Redaelli, W., Carenzi, C., Crimella, C.
The present study aimed to investigate in the field the effect of the presence of cattle on red deer behavioural patterns, in order to provide information that could be used to improve land management strategies. The research was carried out in a summer range at 1500 m a.s.l. in the Italian...
Effect of feed barrier design and feed space allowance on performance and behavioural parameters in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: O'Connell, N. E., Ferris, C. P., Patterson, D. C., Mayne, C. S.
Sixty mid-lactation Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (40 multiparous (cows) and 20 primiparous (heifers)) were allocated to one of four treatments in a 2x2 factorial design arrangement. The treatments involved two feed barrier space allowances (56 cm/animal ("high") or 20 cm/animal ("low")) and two...