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  1. Assessing the rider's seat and horse's behavior: difficulties and perspectives. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, M. Z., Aronsson, A., Hartmann, E., Reenen, C. G. van, Keeling, L.

    A correct seat and position are the basis for a good performance in horseback riding. This study aimed to measure deviations from the correct seat, test a seat improvement program (dismounted exercises), and investigate whether horse behaviour was affected by the rider's seat. Five experienced...

  2. Pre-feeding behaviour in UK leisure horses and associated feeding routine risk factors

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    Many horses display unwanted behaviour prior to receiving concentrate feed or forage. These behaviours have received relatively little scientific attention as a distinct group of equine behaviour problems and risk factors for their performance have not been quantified. The objective of this study...

  3. A retrospective survey of riders' opinions of the use of saddle pads in horses

    Contributor(s):: Hawson, L. A., McLean, A. N., McGreevy, P. D.

    Horse riders have used layers between saddles and their horse's back since ancient times. Despite the apparent common usage of such layers, most research regarding pressures under horses' saddles seems to have been conducted without such layers present. An online survey of equestrian riders was...

  4. Equine stereotypic behaviors: causation, occurrence, and prevention

    Contributor(s):: Sarrafchi, A., Blokhuis, H. J.

    There are strong suggestions that equine stereotypies are connected to poor welfare and a suboptimal management and/or stabling environment. Different forms of equine stereotypic behaviors have been described. Crib biting, weaving, and box walking are considered the most prevalent. Several...

  5. Relationships between young stallions' temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations

    Contributor(s):: Peeters, M., Verwilghen, D., Serteyn, D., Vandenheede, M.

    Horse handling and veterinary examination can induce hazardous stress reactions. Such reactions occur especially in young and less-trained horses, particularly stallions, and make their handling a risk for breeders, grooms, and medical staff. Moreover, these stressful situations will affect the...

  6. Status quo of the personality trait evaluation in horse breeding: judges' assessment of the situation and strategies for improvement

    Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. K. von, Pasing, S., Gauly, M., Christmann, L.

    Recently, concerns about the validity of the evaluation of personality traits in horse breeding have been raised. For that reason, the aim of the present study was to assess the current status of personality trait evaluation in horse breeding. A survey was conducted among all station performance...

  7. Training horses: positive reinforcement, positive punishment, and ridden behavior problems

    Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    An Internet survey was used to investigate the relationship between riders' responses to their horse's behavior in 8 commonly encountered riding scenarios and the frequency of generic behavior problems displayed by their horse during ridden work. There was a significant negative correlation...

  8. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  9. Does attention make the difference? Horses' response to human stimulus after 2 different training strategies

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Mariti, C., Petri, L., Giorgio, F. de, Sighieri, C.

  10. Fostering adherence to horse behavior counseling

    Contributor(s):: Jobling, R., Creighton, E.

    Counseling services that aim to improve understanding of horse-human interactions are on the frontline of the horse welfare agenda. The aim of this research was to determine characteristics of horse owners seeking advice about their horse's behavior that predicted their adherence to that advice....

  11. How do horses appraise humans' actions? A brief note over a practical way to assess stimulus perception

    Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Gazzano, A., Martelli, F., Sighieri, C.

    Heart rate (HR) is considered to be an effective tool for assessing animals' emotional response to a stimulus. We investigated changes in HR during a series of handling procedures (grooming test) in horses that had different experiences of human interaction. We used four groups of horses: grazing...

  12. Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.

    The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....

  13. Reactivity to humans: a temperament trait of horses which is stable across time and situations

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F.

    The aim of this study was to test the existence of a "reactivity-to-humans" trait which is stable over time and across situations. For this purpose, four test situations were repeated on the same animals at 8 months, 1.5 years (N=110 horses) and 2.5 years of age (N=54 horses). These situations...

  14. Sensory sensitivities: components of a horse's temperament dimension

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Pichard, G., Leconte, M.

    Temperament is an important factor when working with horses. Behavioural tests have already been developed to measure certain dimensions of a horse's temperament (fearfulness, gregariousness, etc.). In order to measure the temperament more precisely, our work aimed to identify a dimension which...

  15. The combined effects of milking frequency and feeding level on dairy goat welfare and milk emission characteristics in late lactation

    Contributor(s):: Komara, M., Giger-Reverdin, S., Marnet, P. G., Roussel, S., Duvaux-Ponter, C.

    This study investigated the combined effects of once-daily milking and feeding level (ad libitum or adjusted) on goat welfare and milk emission characteristics in late lactation. Forty dairy goats housed in individual pens were managed under twice-daily milking and fed ad libitum during a...

  16. Impact of riding in a coercively obtained Rollkur posture on welfare and fear of performance horses

    Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. U. von, Duncan, I. J. H., Shoveller, A. K., Merkies, K., Keeling, L. J., Millman, S. T.

    Rollkur, the usually coercively obtained hyperflexion of the horse's neck, is employed as a training method by some dressage riders; however, its use is controversial as it may cause discomfort and adversely affect the horse's welfare. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) if horses...

  17. Measuring cutaneous thermal nociception in group-housed pigs using laser technique - effects of laser power output. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Herskin, M. S., Ladewig, J., Arendt-Nielsen, L.

    Nociceptive testing is a valuable tool in the development of pharmaceutical products, for basic nociceptive research, and for studying changes in pain sensitivity is investigated after inflammatory states or nerve injury. However, in pigs only very limited knowledge about nociceptive processes...

  18. Difficulty of cross-country obstacles for horses competing in three day events

    Contributor(s):: Stachurska, A., Pieta, M., Ussing, A. P., Kapron, A., Kwiecinska, N.

    The objective of the study was to determine which cross-country obstacles are more difficult for eventing horses. Jumping scores were considered in terms of the horse's reaction to novelty and to the fearfulness of novel objects which are the fences situated in novel terrain. The data concerned...

  19. Minimizing disturbance to wildlife by tourists approaching on foot or in a car: a study of kangaroos in the Australian rangelands

    Contributor(s):: Wolf, I. D., Croft, D. B.

    Approaching wildlife to attain a closer viewing experience is common amongst visitors to natural areas. We examined how tourists approach free-living kangaroos during encounters in a popular tourism destination in South Australia. We then simulated the typical properties of approaches to quantify...

  20. Horses' learning performances are under the influence of several temperamental dimensions

    Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Simon, F.

    Learning performances are influenced by many factors, not only breed, age and sex, but also temperament. The purpose of this study was to understand how different temperamental dimensions affect the learning performance of horses, Equus caballus. First, we carried out a series of behavioural...