Producer or purchaser: different expectations may lead to equine wastage and welfare concerns. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Hennessy, K. D., Quinn, K. M., Murphy, J.
Horses are individual, each having differential characteristics such as height, colour, breeding, conformation, and temperament. These bio-characteristics often influence potential purchasers when buying horses. This study sought to investigate if producers and potential purchasers placed similar...
Advances in the electrical stunning and bleeding of ostriches
Contributor(s):: Hoffman, L. C.
Foot disorders in dairy cattle: impact on cow and dairy farmer
Contributor(s):: Bruijnis, M. R. N., Beerda, B., Hogeveen, H., Stassen, E. N.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Owners' perceptions of quality of life in geriatric horses: a cross-sectional study
Contributor(s):: Ireland, J. L., Clegg, P. D., McGowan, C. M., Duncan, J. S., McCall, S., Platt, L., Pinchbeck, G. L.
Quality of life (QoL) is increasingly recognised as a more important measure of treatment success than prolongation of life. Assessment of QoL may aid decision-making for treatment or euthanasia. This study aimed to evaluate owners' perceptions of factors affecting their horse's QoL and those...
A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England
Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.
A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...
Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.
Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...
Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate
Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.
Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...
Effect of footrests on the incidence of ulcerative pododermatitis in domestic rabbit does
Contributor(s):: Rosell, J. M., Fuente, L. F. de la
Ulcerative pododermatitis or sore hocks is a common condition in adult rabbits housed in cages with wire-mesh floors. This study was carried out on a recently-opened commercial farm with 224 breeding cages (112 without footrests [NFR] and 112 with footrests [FR]) to assess the effect of footrests...
Effects of feeding enrichment on the behaviour and welfare of captive waldrapps (Northern bald ibis) ( Geronticus eremita )
Contributor(s):: Vargas-Ashby, H. E., Pankhurst, S. J.
One of the contributing factors leading to the development of serious foot problems such as bumblefoot (pododermatitis) in captive birds is an abnormally sedentary lifestyle. This study investigated the effects of feeding enrichment on the activity levels of a captive colony of seven Waldrapps or...
Effects of perch design on behaviour and health of laying hens
Contributor(s):: Struelens, E., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
EU-Directive 1999/74/EC stipulates that furnished cages and non-cage systems for laying hens should be provided with perches. This Directive allows for a wide variety in perch design features possibly affecting perch use and hen health. Perch material and shape mainly affect slipperiness and grip...
Morphological changes in European goldfinches ( Carduelis carduelis ) released by bird trappers
Contributor(s):: Dominguez, J., Vidal, M., Tapia, L.
In Spain, several Autonomous Communities have granted licenses to capture European goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis parva) during the post-breeding period, from August to December. In Galicia (NW Spain) and other Autonomous Communities, after 5-7 months of captivity, many birds are released. We...
Observer reliability for working equine welfare assessment: problems with high prevalences of certain results
Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Pritchard, J. C., Whay, H. R.
Welfare issues relevant to equids working in developing countries may differ greatly to those of sport and companion equids in developed countries. In this study, we test the observer reliability of a working equine welfare assessment, demonstrating how prevalence of certain observations reduces...
Results of the Animal Needs Index (ANI-35L) compared to animal-based parameters in free-range and organic laying hen flocks in Austria
Contributor(s):: Zaludik, K., Lugmair, A., Baumung, R., Troxler, J., Niebuhr, K.
The aim of this study was a comparison of Animal Needs Index (ANI) data, derived from annual inspections by a control agency, with data collected from 164 selected on-farm flocks concerning feather damage, injuries, egg production, mortality, bodyweight, foot pad dermatitis, keel bone deviations...
Separating a horse from the social group for riding or training purposes: a descriptive study of human-horse interactions
Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, G. H. M., Fremstad, K. E., Mejdell, C. M., Boe, K. E.
The aim of this study was to investigate how difficult it was to halter and separate a horse (Equus caballus) from a group for riding or training purposes and to describe how human-horse interactions could affect this common procedure. A total of 20 different horse groups, with a minimum of five...
Stocking density and stress induction affect production and stress parameters in broiler chickens
Contributor(s):: Villagra, A., Ruiz de la Torre, J. L., Chacon, G., Lainez, M., Torres, A., Manteca, X.
The objective of this paper is to analyse the effects of three different stocking densities on the production, stress and fear parameters of female broilers during a 46-day production period. Chickens were randomly distributed among nine floor pens in groups of 30 broilers with different space...
The effect of mats on the welfare of sows and piglets in the farrowing house
Contributor(s):: Boyle, L. A., Regan, D., Leonard, F. C., Lynch, P. B., Brophy, P.
The effect of providing mats in the farrowing pen on behaviour and lesions were studied in 38 sows and their piglets. 19 of the sows and their litters housed in farrowing crates with metal slatted floors were provided with mats and the remaining 19 sows were controls. Sow skin was inspected...
The welfare of finishing pigs under different housing and feeding systems: liquid versus dry feeding in fully-slatted and straw-based housing
Contributor(s):: Scott, K., Chennells, D. J., Armstrong, D., Taylor, L., Gill, B. P., Edwards, S. A.
This study assessed the health and welfare implications of feeding pigs a dry or liquid diet when housed in either fully-slatted or straw-based accommodation. Between April and October 2002, 1024 (Large White x Landrace) x Large White pigs, housed in pens of 32, were fed ad libitum from 34 kg to...
Why are sheep lame? Temporal associations between severity of foot lesions and severity of lameness in 60 sheep
Contributor(s):: Kaler, J., George, T. R. N., Green, L. E.
We investigated the temporal associations between the severity of foot lesions caused by footrot (FR) and the severity of lameness in sheep. Sixty sheep from one farm were monitored for five weeks. The locomotion of each sheep was scored once each week using a validated numerical rating scale of...