Evaluating the physical welfare of dogs in commercial breeding facilities in the United States
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Contributor(s):: Moriah J. Hurt, Candace Croney (adviser)
Despite high levels of public concern, the state of commercial breeding (CB) dog welfare is largely unknown. Therefore, this study aimed to characterize the physical welfare of dogs in CB facilities and their environment in Indiana. This study specifically aimed 1) to characterize dog foot...
Using the Horse Grimace Scale (HGS) to Assess Pain Associated with Acute Laminitis in Horses (Equus caballus)
| Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Diana Stucke, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Matthew C. Leach, Dirk Lebelt
Acute laminitis is a common equine disease characterized by intense foot pain, both acutely and chronically. The Obel grading system is the most widely accepted method for describing the severity of laminitis by equine practitioners, however this method requires movement (walk and trot) of the...
A comparison of positive reinforcement training techniques in owl and squirrel monkeys: time required to train to reliability
| Contributor(s):: Rogge, J., Sherenco, K., Malling, R., Thiele, E., Lambeth, S., Schapiro, S., Williams, L.
Positive reinforcement training (PRT) techniques enhance the psychological well being of nonhuman primates by increasing the animal's control over his or her environment and desensitizing the animal to stressful stimuli. However, the literature on PRT in neotropical primates is limited. Here PRT...
Effect of breed, cage type, and reproductive phase on fecal corticosterone levels in doe rabbits
| Contributor(s):: Prola, L., Cornale, P., Renna, M., Macchi, E., Perona, G., Mimosi, A.
Fecal corticosterone concentration (FCC) is increasingly being used as a noninvasive indicator of stress in assessment of nonhuman animal welfare. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of breed, cage type, reproductive phase, and their interactions on FCC levels in doe rabbits. A total of...
Producer or purchaser: different expectations may lead to equine wastage and welfare concerns. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
| Contributor(s):: Hennessy, K. D., Quinn, K. M., Murphy, J.
Horses are individual, each having differential characteristics such as height, colour, breeding, conformation, and temperament. These bio-characteristics often influence potential purchasers when buying horses. This study sought to investigate if producers and potential purchasers placed similar...
Pre-feeding behaviour in UK leisure horses and associated feeding routine risk factors
| Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.
Many horses display unwanted behaviour prior to receiving concentrate feed or forage. These behaviours have received relatively little scientific attention as a distinct group of equine behaviour problems and risk factors for their performance have not been quantified. The objective of this study...
A retrospective survey of riders' opinions of the use of saddle pads in horses
| Contributor(s):: Hawson, L. A., McLean, A. N., McGreevy, P. D.
Horse riders have used layers between saddles and their horse's back since ancient times. Despite the apparent common usage of such layers, most research regarding pressures under horses' saddles seems to have been conducted without such layers present. An online survey of equestrian riders was...
Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.
Advances in the electrical stunning and bleeding of ostriches
| Contributor(s):: Hoffman, L. C.
Euthanasia in aged horses: relationship between the owner's personality and their opinions on, and experience of, euthanasia of horses
| Contributor(s):: McGowan, T. W., Phillips, C. J. C., Hodgson, D. R., Perkins, N., McGowan, C. M.
Foot disorders in dairy cattle: impact on cow and dairy farmer
| Contributor(s):: Bruijnis, M. R. N., Beerda, B., Hogeveen, H., Stassen, E. N.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
| Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Owners' perceptions of quality of life in geriatric horses: a cross-sectional study
| Contributor(s):: Ireland, J. L., Clegg, P. D., McGowan, C. M., Duncan, J. S., McCall, S., Platt, L., Pinchbeck, G. L.
Quality of life (QoL) is increasingly recognised as a more important measure of treatment success than prolongation of life. Assessment of QoL may aid decision-making for treatment or euthanasia. This study aimed to evaluate owners' perceptions of factors affecting their horse's QoL and those...
A cross-sectional study of prevalence and risk factors for foot lesions and abnormal posture in lactating sows on commercial farms in England
| Contributor(s):: Kilbride, A. L., Gillman, C. E., Green, L. E.
A cross-sectional study of lactating sows in 71 commercial pig herds in England was carried out to estimate the prevalence of foot lesions and abnormal posture and investigate the associated risks. Observational data were collected on the standing posture, lesions on the hind left foot, and the...
Associations between lesion-specific lameness and the milk yield of 1,635 dairy cows from seven herds in the Xth region of Chile and implications for management of lame dairy cows worldwide
| Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Borkert, J., Monti, G., Tadich, N.
Lameness is one of the greatest infringements of welfare in dairy cows. The objective of this study was to investigate associations between milk yield and foot lesions causing lameness in Chilean dairy cattle with the hypothesis that if we can demonstrate that lameness reduces yield, and so...
Early detection of lameness in heifers with hairy heel warts using a pressure plate
| Contributor(s):: Almeida, P. E., Mullineaux, D. R., Raphael, W., Wickens, C., Zanella, A. J.
Lameness is an indicator of pain and suffering, which has substantial animal welfare and economic impact on the dairy industry. Subjective locomotion scoring is unreliable for detecting mild cases of lameness in dairy herds. Undetected lameness can progress to a more serious and painful state...
Effect of footrests on the incidence of ulcerative pododermatitis in domestic rabbit does
| Contributor(s):: Rosell, J. M., Fuente, L. F. de la
Ulcerative pododermatitis or sore hocks is a common condition in adult rabbits housed in cages with wire-mesh floors. This study was carried out on a recently-opened commercial farm with 224 breeding cages (112 without footrests [NFR] and 112 with footrests [FR]) to assess the effect of footrests...
Effects of feeding enrichment on the behaviour and welfare of captive waldrapps (Northern bald ibis) ( Geronticus eremita )
| Contributor(s):: Vargas-Ashby, H. E., Pankhurst, S. J.
One of the contributing factors leading to the development of serious foot problems such as bumblefoot (pododermatitis) in captive birds is an abnormally sedentary lifestyle. This study investigated the effects of feeding enrichment on the activity levels of a captive colony of seven Waldrapps or...
Effects of perch design on behaviour and health of laying hens
| Contributor(s):: Struelens, E., Tuyttens, F. A. M.
EU-Directive 1999/74/EC stipulates that furnished cages and non-cage systems for laying hens should be provided with perches. This Directive allows for a wide variety in perch design features possibly affecting perch use and hen health. Perch material and shape mainly affect slipperiness and grip...
Morphological changes in European goldfinches ( Carduelis carduelis ) released by bird trappers
| Contributor(s):: Dominguez, J., Vidal, M., Tapia, L.
In Spain, several Autonomous Communities have granted licenses to capture European goldfinches (Carduelis carduelis parva) during the post-breeding period, from August to December. In Galicia (NW Spain) and other Autonomous Communities, after 5-7 months of captivity, many birds are released. We...