Using the Horse Grimace Scale (HGS) to Assess Pain Associated with Acute Laminitis in Horses (Equus caballus)
| Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Diana Stucke, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Matthew C. Leach, Dirk Lebelt
Acute laminitis is a common equine disease characterized by intense foot pain, both acutely and chronically. The Obel grading system is the most widely accepted method for describing the severity of laminitis by equine practitioners, however this method requires movement (walk and trot) of the...
Assessing the rider's seat and horse's behavior: difficulties and perspectives. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
| Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, M. Z., Aronsson, A., Hartmann, E., Reenen, C. G. van, Keeling, L.
A correct seat and position are the basis for a good performance in horseback riding. This study aimed to measure deviations from the correct seat, test a seat improvement program (dismounted exercises), and investigate whether horse behaviour was affected by the rider's seat. Five experienced...
Boots on horses: limb protection or hyperflexion training aids in the showjumping horse. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
| Contributor(s):: Murphy, J.
Showjumping riders regularly employ various schooling strategies to control the horse's jump stride kinematics (JSK). Strategies include plyometric training regimes with fences of different heights and widths set at specific distances. Gymnastic grids teach the horse to jump cleanly. Rapping,...
Producer or purchaser: different expectations may lead to equine wastage and welfare concerns. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
| Contributor(s):: Hennessy, K. D., Quinn, K. M., Murphy, J.
Horses are individual, each having differential characteristics such as height, colour, breeding, conformation, and temperament. These bio-characteristics often influence potential purchasers when buying horses. This study sought to investigate if producers and potential purchasers placed similar...
Pre-feeding behaviour in UK leisure horses and associated feeding routine risk factors
| Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.
Many horses display unwanted behaviour prior to receiving concentrate feed or forage. These behaviours have received relatively little scientific attention as a distinct group of equine behaviour problems and risk factors for their performance have not been quantified. The objective of this study...
A retrospective survey of riders' opinions of the use of saddle pads in horses
| Contributor(s):: Hawson, L. A., McLean, A. N., McGreevy, P. D.
Horse riders have used layers between saddles and their horse's back since ancient times. Despite the apparent common usage of such layers, most research regarding pressures under horses' saddles seems to have been conducted without such layers present. An online survey of equestrian riders was...
Equine stereotypic behaviors: causation, occurrence, and prevention
| Contributor(s):: Sarrafchi, A., Blokhuis, H. J.
There are strong suggestions that equine stereotypies are connected to poor welfare and a suboptimal management and/or stabling environment. Different forms of equine stereotypic behaviors have been described. Crib biting, weaving, and box walking are considered the most prevalent. Several...
Relationships between young stallions' temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations
| Contributor(s):: Peeters, M., Verwilghen, D., Serteyn, D., Vandenheede, M.
Horse handling and veterinary examination can induce hazardous stress reactions. Such reactions occur especially in young and less-trained horses, particularly stallions, and make their handling a risk for breeders, grooms, and medical staff. Moreover, these stressful situations will affect the...
Status quo of the personality trait evaluation in horse breeding: judges' assessment of the situation and strategies for improvement
| Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. K. von, Pasing, S., Gauly, M., Christmann, L.
Recently, concerns about the validity of the evaluation of personality traits in horse breeding have been raised. For that reason, the aim of the present study was to assess the current status of personality trait evaluation in horse breeding. A survey was conducted among all station performance...
Training horses: positive reinforcement, positive punishment, and ridden behavior problems
An Internet survey was used to investigate the relationship between riders' responses to their horse's behavior in 8 commonly encountered riding scenarios and the frequency of generic behavior problems displayed by their horse during ridden work. There was a significant negative correlation...
Characteristics of the trunks of horses used for classic hippotherapy
| Contributor(s):: Pluta, M.
The influence of walking speed on equine back motion in relation to hippotherapy. (Special Issue: Motion analysis in animals.)
| Contributor(s):: Janura, M., Dvorakova, T., Peham, C., Svoboda, Z., Elfmark, M.
Euthanasia in aged horses: relationship between the owner's personality and their opinions on, and experience of, euthanasia of horses
| Contributor(s):: McGowan, T. W., Phillips, C. J. C., Hodgson, D. R., Perkins, N., McGowan, C. M.
Does attention make the difference? Horses' response to human stimulus after 2 different training strategies
| Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Mariti, C., Petri, L., Giorgio, F. de, Sighieri, C.
Fostering adherence to horse behavior counseling
| Contributor(s):: Jobling, R., Creighton, E.
Counseling services that aim to improve understanding of horse-human interactions are on the frontline of the horse welfare agenda. The aim of this research was to determine characteristics of horse owners seeking advice about their horse's behavior that predicted their adherence to that advice....
How do horses appraise humans' actions? A brief note over a practical way to assess stimulus perception
| Contributor(s):: Baragli, P., Gazzano, A., Martelli, F., Sighieri, C.
Heart rate (HR) is considered to be an effective tool for assessing animals' emotional response to a stimulus. We investigated changes in HR during a series of handling procedures (grooming test) in horses that had different experiences of human interaction. We used four groups of horses: grazing...
Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations
| Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.
The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....
Reactivity to humans: a temperament trait of horses which is stable across time and situations
| Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F.
The aim of this study was to test the existence of a "reactivity-to-humans" trait which is stable over time and across situations. For this purpose, four test situations were repeated on the same animals at 8 months, 1.5 years (N=110 horses) and 2.5 years of age (N=54 horses). These situations...
Sensory sensitivities: components of a horse's temperament dimension
| Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Pichard, G., Leconte, M.
Temperament is an important factor when working with horses. Behavioural tests have already been developed to measure certain dimensions of a horse's temperament (fearfulness, gregariousness, etc.). In order to measure the temperament more precisely, our work aimed to identify a dimension which...
Impact of riding in a coercively obtained Rollkur posture on welfare and fear of performance horses
| Contributor(s):: Borstel, U. U. von, Duncan, I. J. H., Shoveller, A. K., Merkies, K., Keeling, L. J., Millman, S. T.
Rollkur, the usually coercively obtained hyperflexion of the horse's neck, is employed as a training method by some dressage riders; however, its use is controversial as it may cause discomfort and adversely affect the horse's welfare. The objectives of this study were to determine: (1) if horses...