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  1. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  2. The role of cultural norms in shaping attitudes towards amphibians in Cape Town, South Africa

    Contributor(s):: Brom, P., Anderson, P., Channing, A., Underhill, L. G.

    Urban ecosystems are increasingly viewed as an important component within strategies for wildlife conservation but are shaped as much by natural systems as they are by social and political processes. At the garden scale, attitudes and preferences govern design and maintenance choices including...

  3. An Exploration of Equine-Assisted Therapy to Improve Balance, Functional Capacity, and Cognition in Older Adults With Alzheimer Disease

    Contributor(s):: Borges de Araujo, T., Martins, W. R., Freitas, M. P., Camargos, E., Mota, J., Safons, M. P.

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a chronic, progressive dementia syndrome that features cognitive and behavioral symptoms, as well as physical and functional limitations that develop over the course of the disease. As an activity that involves physical and cognitive aspects,...

  4. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  5. Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review

    Contributor(s):: Klimova, B., Toman, J., Kuca, K.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with special focus on canis therapy among people with dementia, specifically Alzheimer's disease....

  6. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  7. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  8. Animal-assisted therapy for patients in a minimally conscious state: A randomized two treatment multi-period crossover trial

    Contributor(s):: Hediger, K., Petignat, M., Marti, R., Hund-Georgiadis, M.

  9. Friends with malefit. The effects of keeping dogs and cats, sustaining animal-related injuries and Toxoplasma infection on health and quality of life

    Contributor(s):: Flegr, J., Preiss, M.

  10. It's all about the sex, or is it? Humans, horses and temperament

    Contributor(s):: Fenner, K., Caspar, G., Hyde, M., Henshall, C., Dhand, N., Probyn-Rapsey, F., Dashper, K., McLean, A., McGreevy, P.

  11. A modest protective association between pet ownership and cardiovascular diseases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    Contributor(s):: Yeh, T. L., Lei, W. T., Liu, S. J., Chien, K. L.

  12. Investigating risk factors that predict a dog's fear during veterinary consultations

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, P. T., Hazel, S. J., Browne, M., Serpell, J. A., McArthur, M. L., Smith, B. P.

  13. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  14. Dogs in public spaces of Buenos Aires, Argentina: Exploring patterns of the abundance of dogs, the canine faecal contamination, the behaviour of people with dogs, and its relationships with demographic/economic variables

    Contributor(s):: Rubel, D., Carbajo, A.

  15. Does having a pet influence the physical activity of their young female owners?

    Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Dadova, K., Chaloupkova, H., Svobodova, I.

  16. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

  17. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  18. Canine-Assisted Therapy in Hospitalized Patients Awaiting Heart Transplantation

    Contributor(s):: Snipelisky, D., Smidt, J., Gallup, S., Myrick, J., Bauer, B., Burton, M. C.

  19. Socio-demographic factors associated with pet ownership amongst adolescents from a UK birth cohort

    Contributor(s):: Purewal, R., Christley, R., Kordas, K., Joinson, C., Meints, K., Gee, N., Westgarth, C.

  20. 'He's my mate you see': a critical discourse analysis of the therapeutic role of companion animals in the social networks of people with a diagnosis of severe mental illness

    Contributor(s):: Brooks, H., Rushton, K., Lovell, K., McNaughton, R., Rogers, A.