Behavioral and hormonal consequences of transporting giant pandas from China to the United States
Contributor(s):: Snyder, R. J., Perdue, B. M., Powell, D. M., Forthman, D. L., Bloomsmith, M. A., Maple, T. L.
Zoological institutions strive to ensure the welfare of nonhuman animals in captivity. Part of this effort involves reducing the level of distress experienced by an animal to the greatest extent possible. However, some necessary zoo management practices such as transportation induce stress...
Early life behavioural differences in wild caught and domesticated sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
Contributor(s):: Benhaim, D., Pean, S., Lucas, G., Blanc, N., Chatain, B., Begout, M. L.
The influence of access to aerial perches on fearfulness, social behaviour and production parameters in free-range laying hens
Contributor(s):: Donaldson, C. J., O'Connell, N. E.
The welfare and suitability of parrots as companion animals: a review
Contributor(s):: Engebretson, M.
Behavioural fear and heart rate responses of horses after exposure to novel objects: effects of habituation
Contributor(s):: Leiner, L., Fendt, M.
The emotion fear promotes the fitness of wild animals. In a farm environment, exaggerated fear, e.g., in horses, can cause several problems. Therefore, knowledge about fear in horses helps to prevent or to handle potential fear-inducing situations. The present study investigated which behavioural...
Consistency and stability of behavioural fear responses of heifers to different fear-eliciting situations involving humans
Contributor(s):: Mazurek, M., McGee, M., Crowe, M. A., Prendiville, D. J., Boivin, X., Earley, B.
This study investigated the consistency and stability of fear responses in housed beef heifers over time using three behavioural tests. The flight (time to join peers and avoidance distance), docility (isolation and handling) and fear (4 phases; responses of isolated heifers in (i), the absence...
Exploration behaviour and flight response toward a stimulus in three sea bass strains ( Dicentrarchus labrax L.)
Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Begout, M. L., Chatain, B.
Domestication and selection may affect fish behaviour, sometime as soon as at the first generation of domestication. However, knowledge about how both processes impact on fish spatial exploration and swimming activity still is to be improved. The objective of this experiment was (i) to evaluate...
Fearfulness in horses: a temperament trait stable across time and situations
Contributor(s):: Lansade, L., Bouissou, M. F., Erhard, H. W.
The purpose of this study was to test the existence of a "fearfulness" trait in horses, by testing the stability across situations and over time of the responses to different fear-eliciting situations. It was also to identify which behavioural parameters are the best indicators of this trait....
Is the avoidance distance test for the assessment of animals' responsiveness to humans influenced by either the dominant or flightiest animal in the group?
Contributor(s):: Mazurek, M., McGee, M., Minchin, W., Crowe, M. A., Earley, B.
A previously described (Windschnurer et al., 2009) avoidance distance test was used to assess animals' fear of humans in order to quantify the human-animal relationship (HAR). This study investigated the influence of the dominant and flightiest animals within a group on the responsiveness of...
Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 1. Relationships with flight speed and fear of humans
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P., Venus, B. K.
Numerous tests have been used to measure beef cattle temperament, but limited research has addressed the relationship between such tests and whether temperament can be modified. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding experiences on six occasions...
Quality of handling and holding yard environment, and beef cattle temperament: 2. Consequences for stress and productivity
Contributor(s):: Petherick, J. C., Doogan, V. J., Venus, B. K., Holroyd, R. G., Olsson, P.
This experiment assessed the effects of different quality and quantity of handling and quality of the holding yard environment on the productivity and physiological parameters indicative of stress in beef cattle. One-hundred-and-forty-four steers were given one of three human handling and yarding...
The genetics of temperament in merino sheep and relationships with lamb survival
Contributor(s):: Plush, K. J., Hebart, M. L., Brien, F. D., Hynd, P. I.
Investigations were made into the genetics of several temperament traits in Merino ewes, with particular emphasis on those aspects which might be associated with maternal behaviour at lambing and consequently, the postnatal survival of lambs. If a beneficial relationship between ewe temperament...
The relationships between temperament during routine handling tasks, weight gain and facial hair whorl position in frequently handled beef cattle
Contributor(s):: Olmos, G., Turner, S. P.
A relationship has been described between facial hair whorl position and temperament in infrequently handled beef cattle when both traits were measured on categorical scales. Hair whorl position has also been found to relate to daily weight gain in dairy heifers. Using both a categorical scale...
Behavioural and physiological responses of captive wombats ( Lasiorhinus latifrons ) to regular handling by humans
Contributor(s):: Hogan, L. A., Johnston, S. D., Lisle, A. T., Keeley, T., Wong, P., Nicolson, V., Horsup, A. B., Janssen, T., Phillips, C. J. C.
The response of animals to handling by humans has been extensively evaluated in domesticated livestock, but rarely examined in wildlife species. Twelve captive wombats (Lasiorhinus latifrons) were subjected to two treatments in a replicated design: (1) daily handling, involving 15 min of tactile...
Consistency of flight speed and response to restraint in a crush in dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J. M., Lawrence, A. B., Haskell, M. J.
Flight speed (FS) is an objective measure of the behavioural response to handling procedures in beef cattle but to date there is no published work on dairy cattle. It is useful to determine whether there is consistency in FS in dairy cattle, and assess the relationship between FS and other...
Horses' responses to variation in human approach
Contributor(s):: Birke, L., Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E., Pinno, L., Mee, J., Mills, D.
The behaviour of humans around horses is thought to have a substantial impact on how people are perceived in subsequent interactions and many horse trainers give detailed advice on how handlers should behave when initially approaching a loose horse. Here we report on three studies designed to...
Responsiveness of dairy cows to human approach and novel stimuli
Contributor(s):: Gibbons, J., Lawrence, A., Haskell, M.
This study investigated intra-test and inter-test consistency of dairy cattle behavioural responses to a series of tests involving human approach and exposure to novelty. Thirty-six lactating Holstein-Friesian cows were each subjected to three human approach tests and three novel stimuli tests....
The effects of cage volume and cage shape on the condition and behaviour of captive European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris )
Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Davies, G. T. O., Bertenshaw, C. E., Cox, M. A. A., Bateson, M.
Cage size is widely recognised as an important determinant of captive animal welfare, but in contrast, cage shape has received far less attention. Husbandry recommendations for flying birds state that cages should be long in shape because this allows greater potential for flight. However, so far...
Threat assessment by domestic ducklings using visual signals: implications for animal-machine interactions
Contributor(s):: Henderson, J. V., Wathes, C. M., Nicol, C. J., White, R. P., Lines, J. A.
There are increasing opportunities for robots to work amongst animals in agricultural systems. One potential application is in herding animals prior to catching or transportation. An effective herding robot must be able to interrupt ongoing animal behaviour without causing panic or flight...