Local knowledge held by farmers in Eastern Tyrol (Austria) about the use of plants to maintain and improve animal health and welfare
Contributor(s):: Vogl, C. R., Vogl-Lukasser, B., Walkenhorst, M.
Background: The sustainable management of animal health and welfare is of increasing importance to consumers and a key topic in the organic farming movement. Few systematic studies have been undertaken investigating farmers' local knowledge related to this issue. Ethnoveterinary medicine (EVM) is...
Effects of feeding management and group composition on agonistic behaviour of group-housed horses
Contributor(s):: Burla, J. B., Ostertag, A., Patt, A., Bachmann, I., Hillmann, E.
Under natural conditions, horses spend 12-18 h of a day with synchronous grazing, but for stabled horses, the amount of forage and thus duration of feed intake usually are restricted. In group-housed horses, therefore, feeding times are often situations with increased levels of agonistic...
Behavioural response of pure Ankole and crossbred (Ankole * Holstein) cows to seasonal pasture variations in south-western Uganda
Contributor(s):: Idibu, J., Kabi, F., Mpairwe, D.
This study evaluated the effects of season and pasture species on variations in sward composition, pasture quantity (plant-height and biomass) and quality [crude protein (CP), neutral detergent fibre (NDF) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD)]. Behavioural responses of a group of 10...
Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.
Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...
The effect of presenting forage in multi-layered haynets and at multiple sites on night time budgets of stabled horses
Contributor(s):: Ellis, A. D., Redgate, S., Zinchenko, S., Owen, H., Barfoot, C., Harris, P.
The aim of this study was to explore the efficacy of multi-layered haynets and multiple presentation of haynets to increase time spent on feed intake behaviour at night (13 h observation). For preliminary assessment two horses performing the oral stereotypy of crib-biting were included. Six...
The effect of a feeding schedule change and the provision of forage material on hair eating in a group of captive baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.)
Contributor(s):: Nevill, C. H., Lutz, C. K.
Hair eating in nonhuman primates is thought to result from a frustrated appetitive drive produced by an inappropriate diet. To investigate whether hair eating could be reduced through changes in diet, a 2-part study was conducted with a group of baboons ( Papio hamadryas sp.). The 1st part...
Comparative study of trophic behaviour and herd structure in wild and feral goats living in a Mediterranean island: management implications
Contributor(s):: Rivera-Sanchez, L., Cassinello Roldan, J., Baraza Ruiz, E., BartolomeFilella, J.
The aim of this study was to compare the trophic behaviour and the social structure of Majorcan wild goats and feral goats present in the island of Majorca. The former are descendants of an ancestral goat ecotype introduced in the island in the late Neolithic, whereas feral goats come from...
Effect of forage presentation on feed intake behaviour in stabled horses
Contributor(s):: Ellis, A. D., Fell, M., Luck, K., Gill, L., Owen, H., Briars, H., Barfoot, C., Harris, P.
In some stabled horses, the lack of foraging opportunity leads to a reduction in chewing time with consequent negative impacts on the digestive system and potentially development of stereotypies. This study aimed to compare the effect of four types of haynets on feed intake behaviour in stabled...
The effects of a high-starch or high-fibre diet on equine reactivity and handling behaviour
Contributor(s):: Bulmer, L., McBride, S., Williams, K., Murray, J. A.
Increasing performance work in the horse is often associated with a reduction in the forage ration and an increase in concentrates, usually in the form of high-starch cereal grains. This type of diet has been associated with stereotypic behaviours and health problems. High-starch diets are also...
A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos
Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.
Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...
Improving the welfare of captive macaques ( Macaca sp.) through the use of water as enrichment
Contributor(s):: Robins, J. G., Waitt, C. D.
This review evaluates the use of water as a tool for enriching the environments of macaques (Macaca sp.) in captivity. Many macaque species are known to swim and forage in water in the wild, and in-situ reports suggest that access to water promotes activity and cultural behavior. Yet, there is a...
Behavior of feral horses in response to culling and GnRH immunocontraception
Contributor(s):: Ransom, J. I., Powers, J. G., Garbe, H. M., Oehler, M. W., Sr., Nett, T. M., Baker, D. L.
Wildlife management actions can alter fundamental behaviors of individuals and groups, which may directly impact their life history parameters in unforeseen ways. This is especially true for highly social animals because changes in one individual's behavior can cascade throughout its social...
Instantaneous intake rate of free-grazing cattle as affected by herbage characteristics in heterogeneous tropical agro-pastoral landscapes
Contributor(s):: Chirat, G., Groot, J. C. J., Messad, S., Bocquier, F., Ickowicz, A.
Numerous territories of Sub-Saharan Africa are composed of a mosaic of very different landscape units: cropland, forest, and savannah. This spatial, but also temporal heterogeneity leads to complexity in the analysis of cattle intake behaviour. The instantaneous intake rate (IIR) is generally...
Pre-feeding behaviour in UK leisure horses and associated feeding routine risk factors
Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.
Many horses display unwanted behaviour prior to receiving concentrate feed or forage. These behaviours have received relatively little scientific attention as a distinct group of equine behaviour problems and risk factors for their performance have not been quantified. The objective of this study...
Behavioural mechanisms of intake rate by heifers grazing swards of contrasting structures
Contributor(s):: Mezzalira, J. C., Carvalho, P. C. de F., Fonseca, L., Bremm, C., Cangiano, C., Gonda, H. L., Laca, E. A.
The relationship between herbage intake by herbivores and herbage available depends on the interaction between sward structure and animal behaviour. This relationship is a crucial component determining the stability, function and productivity of grazing systems. The present study aims at...
Diversity in horse enthusiasts with respect to horse welfare: an explorative study
Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Wijk-Jansen, E. E. C. van
A reduced level of welfare of horses is related to management factors such as low forage feeding, short feeding time, social isolation, and lack of unrestrained exercise. It has been assumed that welfare problems can be reduced and/or partly prevented by improving the knowledge and skills of...
Cattle habitat selection and associated habitat characteristics under free-range grazing within heterogeneous Montane rangelands of Alberta
Contributor(s):: Kaufmann, J., Bork, E. W., Blenis, P. V., Alexander, M. J.
The importance of diet choice on stress-related responses by lambs
Contributor(s):: Catanese, F., Obelar, M., Villalba, J. J., Distel, R. A.
Foraging behaviour of beef heifers and ewes in natural grasslands with distinct proportions of tussocks
Contributor(s):: Bremm, C., Laca, E. A., Fonseca, L., Mezzalira, J. C., Elejalde, D. A. G., Gonda, H. L., Carvalho, P. C. de F.
The post-release fate of hand-reared orphaned bats: survival and habitat selection
Contributor(s):: Serangeli, M. T., Cistrone, L., Ancillotto, L., Tomassini, A., Russo, D.