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Tags: Food safety + Agriculture

All Categories (1-20 of 27)

  1. Recent animal disease outbreaks and their impact on human populations

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeff B Bender, William Hueston, Michael Osterholm

    There are very positive and strong connections between animals and humans, but also reasons for concern because about 61% of all human pathogens are zoonotic. The increase in new diseases, is due to increases in world trade, animal translocation, ecological disruptions, climate change,...

  2. The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.

    Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...

  3. Potential role of wildlife in pathogenic contamination of fresh produce

    | Contributor(s):: Langholz, Jeff A., Jay-Russell, Michele T.

  4. Moral steaks? Ethical discourses of in vitro meat in academia and Australia

    | Contributor(s):: Dilworth, T., McGregor, A.

    The profile and possibilities of in vitro meat are rapidly expanding, creating new ethical conundrums about how to approach this nascent biotechnology. The outcomes of these ethical debates will shape the future viability of this technology and its acceptability for potential consumers. In this...

  5. The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.

    In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...

  6. Intentions and values in animal welfare legislation and standards

    | Contributor(s):: Lundmark, F., Berg, C., Schmid, O., Behdadi, D., Rocklinsberg, H.

    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and...

  7. Animal welfare and livestock production in a postindustrial milieu. (Special issue: food animal husbandry and the new millennium)

    | Contributor(s):: Thompson, P. B.

    Structural transformation, food safety, and environmental risks pose challenges to livestock producers. Adjustments to livestock production systems to improve animal welfare will be made in an economic and political milieu characterized by these challenges. However, competing assumptions about...

  8. Animal welfare: a complex international public policy issue: economic, policy, societal, cultural and other drivers and constraints. a 20-year international perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Bayvel, A. C. D., Diesch, T. J., Cross, N.

  9. Consumer attitudes towards alternatives to piglet castration without pain relief in organic farming: qualitative results from Germany

    | Contributor(s):: Heid, A., Hamm, U.

  10. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    | Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  11. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  12. Constrained choice and ethical dilemmas in land management: environmental quality and food safety in California agriculture

    | Contributor(s):: Stuart, D.

    As environmental and conservation efforts increasingly turn towards agricultural landscapes, it is important to understand how land management decisions are made by agricultural producers. While previous studies have explored producer decision-making, many fail to recognize the importance of...

  13. Consumer exit, voice, and loyalty: indicative, legitimation, and regulatory role in agricultural and food ethics

    | Contributor(s):: Newholm, T.

    Disputes over agriculture and food production have occurred against a background of disputed authority with regard to governments, experts, and single issue pressure groups. Consumers have intervened in quite significant ways with many altering their buying patterns. The conventional assessment...

  14. Ethical and value-based aspects of the European Commission's precautionary principle. (Special issue: The Precautionary Principle)

    | Contributor(s):: Carr, S.

    In February 2000, the European Commission adopted a communication on the precautionary principle. This states how the commission intends to apply the principle and establishes guidelines for its application. The document is intended to inform discussions on international agreements. In...

  15. Ethical rooms for maneuver and their prospects vis-a-vis the current ethical food policies in Europe

    | Contributor(s):: Korthals, M.

    In this paper I want to show that consumer concerns can be implemented in food chains by organizing ethical discussions of conflicting values that include them as participators. First, it is argued that there are several types of consumer concerns about food and agriculture that are...

  16. Exponential growth, animal welfare, environmental and food safety impact: the case of China's livestock production

    | Contributor(s):: Li, P. J.

    Developmental states are criticized for rapid "industrialization without enlightenment." In the last 30 years, China's breathtaking growth has been achieved at a high environmental and food safety cost. This article, utilizing a recent survey of China's livestock industry, illustrates the...

  17. From trust to trustworthiness: why information is not enough in the food sector

    | Contributor(s):: Meijboom, F. L. B., Visak, T., Brom, F. W. A.

    The many well-publicized food scandals in recent years have resulted in a general state of vulnerable trust. As a result, building consumer trust has become an important goal in agri-food policy. In their efforts to protect trust in the agricultural and food sector, governments and industries...

  18. Genetically modified (GM) crops: precautionary science and conflicts of interests

    | Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.

    Risk governance of GM plants and GM food products is presently subject to heated scientific and public controversies. Scientists and representatives of the biotechnology industry have dominated debates concerning safety issues. The public is suspicious with regard to the motives of scientists,...

  19. Meeting consumer concerns for food safety in South Korea: the importance of food safety and ethics in a globalizing market

    | Contributor(s):: Kim, R. B.

    As the issue of food safety became one of the important public agenda, consumer concern for food safety became the general public concern. The Korea U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) completion allowing import of U.S. beef to Korea has turned into a massive public uproar and a series of...

  20. Reflections on the growing influence of good agricultural practices in the Global South

    | Contributor(s):: Amekawa, Y.

    EurepGAP is a pioneering field level food safety protocol called 'good agricultural practices' currently exercising influence over the global food quality assurance system. Developed by a consortium of major European retailers, this private standard enforces codes of conduct that address issues...