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Tags: Food safety + Food economics

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  1. Moral steaks? Ethical discourses of in vitro meat in academia and Australia

    Contributor(s):: Dilworth, T., McGregor, A.

    The profile and possibilities of in vitro meat are rapidly expanding, creating new ethical conundrums about how to approach this nascent biotechnology. The outcomes of these ethical debates will shape the future viability of this technology and its acceptability for potential consumers. In this...

  2. The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.

    In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...

  3. Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration

    Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.

    The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...

  4. The mini-cup jelly court cases: a comparative analysis from a food ethics perspective

    Contributor(s):: Kim, SukShin

    This study compares and analyzes separate court rulings in three countries on "mini-cup jelly" (a firm jelly containing konjac and packaged in bite-sized plastic cups) from a food ethics perspective. While the Korean and US courts decided that the mini-cup jelly was defective, and that the...

  5. A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.

    Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...

  6. Assessment of GM crops in commercial agriculture

    Contributor(s):: Clark, E. A., Lehman, H.

    The calibre of the recent discourse regarding genetically modified organisms (GMOs) has suffered from a lack of consensus on terminology, from the scarcity of evidence upon which to assess risk to health and to the environment, and from value differences between proponents and opponents of GMOs....

  7. Can food safety policy-making be both scientifically and democratically legitimated? If so, how? (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)

    Contributor(s):: Millstone, E.

    This paper provides an analysis of the evolution of thinking and talking about the role of scientific knowledge and expertise in food safety policy-making, and in risk policy-making more generally from the late 19th century to the present day. It highlights the defining characteristics of several...

  8. Consumer autonomy and sufficiency of GMF labeling

    Contributor(s):: Siipi, H., Uusitalo, S.

    Individuals' food choices are intimately connected to their self-images and world views. Some dietary choices adopted by consumers pose restrictions on their use of genetically modified food (GMF). It is quite generally agreed that some kind of labeling is necessary for respecting consumers'...

  9. Consumer exit, voice, and loyalty: indicative, legitimation, and regulatory role in agricultural and food ethics

    Contributor(s):: Newholm, T.

    Disputes over agriculture and food production have occurred against a background of disputed authority with regard to governments, experts, and single issue pressure groups. Consumers have intervened in quite significant ways with many altering their buying patterns. The conventional assessment...

  10. Ethical challenges for livestock production: meeting consumer concerns about meat safety and animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Verbeke, W. A. J., Viaene, J.

    Livestock production today faces the difficult task of effectively meeting emerging consumer concerns while remaining competitive in major target markets. Meeting consumer concerns about product safety and animal welfare are identified as key attention points for future livestock production. The...

  11. Ethical issues related to food sector evolution in developing countries: about sustainability and equity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Fo

    Contributor(s):: Raoult-Wack, A. L., Bricas, N.

    After a century of major technical advance, essentially achieved by and for the industrialized countries, the evolution of the food sector in southern countries should no longer be thought of in terms of a "headlong pursuit." In the present context of demographic growth, urbanization, poverty and...

  12. Ethical rooms for maneuver and their prospects vis-a-vis the current ethical food policies in Europe

    Contributor(s):: Korthals, M.

    In this paper I want to show that consumer concerns can be implemented in food chains by organizing ethical discussions of conflicting values that include them as participators. First, it is argued that there are several types of consumer concerns about food and agriculture that are...

  13. Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)

    Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.

    I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...

  14. Food, consumer concerns, and trust: food ethics for a globalizing market

    Contributor(s):: Brom, F. W. A.

    The use of biotechnology in food production gives rise to consumer concerns. The term consumer concern is often used as a container notion. It includes concerns about food safety, environmental and animal welfare consequences of food production systems, and intrinsic moral objections against...

  15. From trust to trustworthiness: why information is not enough in the food sector

    Contributor(s):: Meijboom, F. L. B., Visak, T., Brom, F. W. A.

    The many well-publicized food scandals in recent years have resulted in a general state of vulnerable trust. As a result, building consumer trust has become an important goal in agri-food policy. In their efforts to protect trust in the agricultural and food sector, governments and industries...

  16. Genetically modified (GM) crops: precautionary science and conflicts of interests

    Contributor(s):: Myhr, A. I., Traavik, T.

    Risk governance of GM plants and GM food products is presently subject to heated scientific and public controversies. Scientists and representatives of the biotechnology industry have dominated debates concerning safety issues. The public is suspicious with regard to the motives of scientists,...

  17. Meeting consumer concerns for food safety in South Korea: the importance of food safety and ethics in a globalizing market

    Contributor(s):: Kim, R. B.

    As the issue of food safety became one of the important public agenda, consumer concern for food safety became the general public concern. The Korea U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) completion allowing import of U.S. beef to Korea has turned into a massive public uproar and a series of...

  18. Public health, ethics, and functional foods. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)

    Contributor(s):: Schroeder, D.

    Functional foods aim to provide a positive impact on health and well-being beyond their nutritive content. As such, they are likely candidates to enhance the public health official's tool kit. Or are they? Although a very small number of functional foods (e.g., phytosterol-enriched margarine)...

  19. Safety assurance of foods: risk management depends on good science but it is not a scientific activity. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food

    Contributor(s):: Goga, B. T. C., Clementi, F.

    We make many decisions in our lives and we weigh the benefits against the drawbacks. Our decisions are based on what benefits are most important to us and what drawbacks we are willing to accept. Decisions about what we eat are made in the same way; but when it comes to safety, our decisions are...

  20. Societal concerns about pork and pork production and their relationships to the production system

    Contributor(s):: Kanis, E., Groen, A. F., Greef, K. H. de

    This paper examines the aspects of modern pigmeat production systems that give rise to concerns within various groups of actors and thereby affect the acceptability of pigmeat by these groups in western Europe. A brief description of a present day pigmeat production system and the actors involved...