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  1. Effects of housing conditions on behaviour and physiology in the Finnraccoon (Nyctereutes procyonoides ussuriensis)

    Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Moisander-Jylha, M., Korhonen, H. T.

  2. The relationship between humans and urban foxes on Prince Edward Island

    Contributor(s):: Kristine Martin

    This study examines the relationship between humans and urban foxes living in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island. In recent years colloquial evidence suggests that there has been an increase in foxes living in urban areas of Prince Edward Island, which may eventually lead to an increase in...

  3. DNA detection of foxes to prevent establishment in Tasmania

    Contributor(s):: Stephen D. Sarre, Rachel Walsch, Niccy Aitken, Alison Foster, Nick Mooney

    The red fox (Vulpes vulpes) has wreaked havoc on mainland Australia’s environment and agricultural production since its introduction in the 1870s. Over the same period, the southern Australian island State of Tasmania has remained virtually fox-free, allowing its unique biodiversity to remain...

  4. The role of bait manipulation in the delivery of oral rabies vaccine to skunks

    Contributor(s):: Stacie J. Robinson, Susan M. Jojola, Kurt C. VerCauteren

    The majority of rabies cases reported to the Centers for Disease Control each year occur in wildlife including skunks, raccoons, bats, foxes, and coyotes. Currently, oral rabies vaccination campaigns are employed to immunize coyotes, foxes, and raccoons. Though skunks are vectors of 6 rabies...

  5. The development of on-farm welfare assessment protocols for foxes and mink: the WelFur project

    Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Moller, S. H., Hansen, S. W., Hovland, A. L., Koistinen, T., Lidfors, L., Malmkvist, J., Vinke, C. M., Ahola, L.

  6. Behavioural and physiological effects of post-weaning handling and access to shelters in farmed blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    Contributor(s):: Pedersen, V., Moeller, N. H., Jeppesen, L. L.

    Ninety-four female blue fox Alopex lagopus cubs were distributed into two groups with either handling or no handling. Handling was performed once a day for 2.5 min between 7 and 10 weeks of age, while the control group received no extra human contact. As handling completed at 10 weeks of age,...

  7. Bones as enrichment for farmed blue foxes ( Vulpes lagopus ): interaction with the bones and preference for a cage with the bones

    Contributor(s):: Koistinen, T., Turunen, A., Kiviniemi, V., Ahola, L., Mononen, J.

    Animal welfare regulations (e.g. Recommendations of European Convention) state that farmed foxes need to be provided with an activity object, though the material or shape of the object is not specified. We aimed to evaluate the properties of bones as an activity object for farmed blue foxes...

  8. Effects of environmental stressors on deep body temperature and activity levels in silver fox vixens ( Vulpes vulpes )

    Contributor(s):: Bakken, M., Moe, R. O., Smith, A. J., Selle, G. M. E.

    The present study was performed to investigate the effects of 14 different environmental stimuli on stress-induced hyperthermia (SIH) and levels of locomotor activity in 6 (3 infanticidal (killed their offspring during the previous year), 3 non-infanticidal) 2.5-year-old silver fox vixens. The...

  9. Preference for various nest box designs in farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) and blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    Contributor(s):: Jeppesen, L. L., Pedersen, V., Heller, K. E.

    Nest box choice experiments were carried out outside the breeding season on adult silver (n=50) and blue fox (n=50) vixens with no previous permanent nest box experience. Nest boxes were varied in height of placement, number of rooms, presence of entrance room or platform and light conditions....

  10. The gradual vocal responses to human-provoked discomfort in farmed silver foxes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gogoleva, Svetlana S., Volodina, Elena V., Volodin, Ilya A., Kharlamova, Anastasia V., Trut, Lyudmila N.

    Vocal indicators of welfare have proven their use for many farmed and zoo animals and may be applied to farmed silver foxes as these animals display high vocal activity toward humans. Farmed silver foxes were selected mainly for fur, size, and litter sizes, but not for attitudes to people, so...

  11. Assessing the human-animal relationship in farmed species: a critical review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Waiblinger, S., Boivin, X., Pedersen, V., Tosi, M. V., Janczak, A. M., Visser, E. K., Jones, R. B.

    The present paper focuses on six main issues. First, we briefly explain why an increased understanding of the human-animal relationship (HAR) is an essential component of any strategy intended to improve the welfare of farmed animals and their stockpersons. Second, we list the main internal and...

  12. A comparison of the use of resting platforms and nest boxes in growing farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    | Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Korhonen, H., Harri, M., Kasanen, S.

    The use of the interior and roof of a nest box and the use of various types of resting platform were studied in 50 juvenile silver foxes of both sexes housed singly in traditional fox cages (length, 115 cm; width, 105 cm; height, 70 cm). The experiment was carried out from early July to the end...

  13. A note on reward-related behaviour and emotional expressions in farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) - basis for a novel tool to study animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Moe, R. O., Bakken, M., Kittilsen, S., Kingsley-Smith, H., Spruijt, B. M.

    The present study aimed to investigate the profile and quantitative aspects of reward-related behaviour and emotional expressions during anticipation of positive (predictable or various unpredictable) or negative (predictable) rewards in a Pavlovian trace conditioning paradigm in farmed silver...

  14. Effects of different post-weaning handling procedures on the later behaviour of silver foxes

    | Contributor(s):: Pedersen, V.

  15. Long-term effects of different handling procedures on behavioural, physiological, and production-related parameters in silver foxes

    | Contributor(s):: Pedersen, V.

    Fifty-one silver fox vixens, were subjected to 3 different handling treatments as cubs (no-handling, gentle or forced handling). As juveniles, the animals were exposed to 3 different behavioural tests at 18, 22, 28 and 32 weeks of age. Both forcibly and gently handled animals showed reduced fear...

  16. The use of resting platforms by young silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes )

    | Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Harri, M., Rouvinen, K., Niemela, P.

    According to the current European recommendation for animal protection regulations for fur animals, farmed foxes should have a resting platform in their cages. Therefore, the total time of use and factors affecting the use of resting platforms by 20 young silver foxes were studied on an...

  17. Use of nest boxes by young farmed silver foxes ( Vulpes vulpes ) in autumn

    | Contributor(s):: Mononen, J., Harri, M., Rekila, T., Korhonen, H., Niemela, P.

    A standard wire-mesh cage (length 112 cm x width 107 cm x height 70 cm) with a wooden nest box was provided to juvenile silver foxes. The extent to which the nest boxes (dimensions of the main chamber 40 cm x 40 cmx 40 cm; or diameter 38 cm, height 32 cm) were used by 36 foxes kept in pairs and 8...

  18. A study of the use of resting platforms by farm bred blue foxes

    | Contributor(s):: Harri, M., Mononen, J., Korhonen, H., Haapanen, K.

  19. Comparison of daytime use between platform types, materials, ceilings and experiences in juvenile blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    | Contributor(s):: Korhonen, H., Ketoja, E., Niemela, P.

    264 juvenile blue foxes were housed in cages with side-U platforms or corner flat platforms made from wood or net with ceilings 23 or 30 cm above. The foxes were the offspring of females housed in cages without or with platforms. Platform type significantly affected the amount of time the foxes...

  20. Seasonal changes in platform use by farmed blue foxes ( Alopex lagopus )

    | Contributor(s):: Korhonen, H., Niemela, P., Tuuri, H.

    Seasonal changes in platform use were investigated in farm-raised blue foxes (Alopex lagopus) by daytime scan sampling observations and 24-h video recordings. Seasonal comparisons were made in both sexes, but other experimental treatments were applied mainly to females. Platform use was minimal...