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  1. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Contributor(s):: Grandgeorge, M., Degrez, C., Alavi, Z., Lemonnier, E.

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated with...

  2. Therapeutic activities associating the animal, for a better quality of life in the hospital

    Contributor(s):: Didier Vernay

    It is common to say or publish that the Animal-AAA Therapeutic Activities in the hospital are pioneers. This statement becomes false. In France, we now have a history, theoretical foundations, concepts, programs and current experiments that deny this position (ref. "The dog: a partner of...

  3. Piglets call for maternal attention: vocal behaviour in Sus scrofa domesticus is modulated by mother's proximity

    Contributor(s):: Iacobucci, P., Colonnello, V., D'Antuono, L., Cloutier, S., Newberry, R. C.

    Plasticity in the production of "separation distress" vocalizations, and seeking of caregivers beyond mere satisfaction of immediate physiological needs, are manifestations of attachment that we investigated in the domestic pig ( Sus scrofa domesticus). Female piglets from eight litters were...

  4. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  5. Loading density and welfare of goat kids during long distance road transport

    Contributor(s):: Hindle, V. A., Reimert, H. G. M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Lambooij, E.

  6. The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health

    Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.

  7. Human direct actions may alter animal welfare, a study on horses ( Equus caballus )

    Contributor(s):: Lesimple, C., Fureix, C., Menguy, H., Hausberger, M.

    Background: Back pain is the cause of bad welfare in humans and animals. Although vertebral problems are regularly reported on riding horses, these problems are not always identified nor noticed enough to prevent these horses to be used for work. Methodology/Principal Findings: Nineteen horses...

  8. Temporal association between food distribution and human caregiver presence and the development of affinity to humans in lambs

    Contributor(s):: Tallet, C., Veissier, I., Boivin, X.

    The presence of the caregiver around feeding favors the development of a human-animal relationship. To understand the underlying mechanism, we tested various temporal associations between food distribution and human presence: from an early age, a person was repeatedly present for 2 min just...

  9. Intake rate, intake per bite and time per bite of lactating ewes on vegetative and reproductive swards

    Contributor(s):: Prache, S.

    Rotational grazing by 8 Ile de France ewes, was examined in a cocksfoot (Dactylis glomerata cv. Lucifer) sward at a vegetative or reproductive (appearance of first flowerheads in the canopy) stage. Measurements were made during progressive grazing down of 1030-msuperscript 2 paddocks. Regression...

  10. Breed differences in canine aggression

    Contributor(s):: Duffy, D. L., Hsu, Y. Y., Serpell, J. A.

    Canine aggression poses serious public health and animal welfare concerns. Most of what is understood about breed differences in aggression comes from reports based on bite statistics, behaviour clinic caseloads, and experts' opinions. Information on breed-specific aggressiveness derived from...

  11. The relationship between farmers' attitude and behaviour towards calves, and productivity of veal units

    Contributor(s):: Lensink, J., Boissy, A., Veissier, I.

    Although veal production is highly standardized, there still remains variability in productivity between farms, which might be due to the farmers' behaviour towards their animals, which in turn depends on their attitude towards animals. 50 affiliated with the same veal company were studied. The...

  12. Rangifer and man: an ancient relationship

    Contributor(s):: Gordon, B.

    A long-term relationship between Rangifer and humans is documented in three case studies: the Canadian Barrenlands (8000 years ago to Historic period), Ice-Age France (11 000-19 000 years ago) and Mesolithic Russia (7000-10 000 years ago). Ancient human and herd migration occurred in all areas,...

  13. Dogs a sentinels of human risk from environmental origin: interest for saturnim prevention; first study conducted in the Alfort French Veterinary School

    Contributor(s):: Enriquez, B., Hakou, G., Tabaries, A., Revol, B., Moal, J. le, Sasco, A., Benet, J. J.

    A study was carried out at the Alfort Veterinary School to apply the concept of sentinel animals to environmental toxicology, associated with pet epidemiology. The recruitment, with owners' consent, of adequate dogs (over 10 kg) in sufficient number, at the School's attending clinics has made it...

  14. Farmers' relationship with different animals: the importance of getting close to the animals - case studies of French, Swedish and Dutch cattle, pig and poultry farmers. (Special issue: Competing discourses of farm animal welfare and agri-food restru

    Contributor(s):: Bock, B. B., Huik, M. M. van, Prutzer, M., Eveillard, F. K., Dockes, A.

    This article seeks to provide a deeper understanding of the factors that influence farmers' relations with animals and focuses on the relevance of sector (e.g. beef or dairy cattle), animal species, housing systems and any national differences. It seeks to draw out how the relationship between...

  15. The reintroduction and reinterpretation of the wild

    Contributor(s):: O'Rourke, E.

    This paper is concerned with changing social representations of the "wild," in particular wild animals. It argues that within a contemporary Western context the old agricultural perception of wild animals as adversarial and as a threat to domestication, is being replaced by an essentially urban...

  16. The youth and stray dogs: new figures of urban insecurity. (Varia No.9) [French]

    Contributor(s):: Blanchard, C.

    This article describes the situation of homeless youths and their dogs in the urban areas of France.

  17. An analysis of ingestive behaviour and activity of cattle under field conditions

    Contributor(s):: Ruckebusch, Y., Bueno, L.

    The times spent by cattle in grazing, walking, ruminating, non-chewing and resting under field conditions for 24-h periods in autumn and winter during 3 consecutive yr were recorded by means of vibracorders. Three 500-kg cows (5, 7 and 17 yr old, resp.) were used in the trials which were...

  18. Development of a methodology for studying feeding station behaviour of grazing ewes

    Contributor(s):: Roguet, C., Prache, S., Petit, M.

    A test apparatus was developed to study feeding station (FS) use and abandonment by sheep, by controlling FS number, characteristics and distance between FS. It consisted of a rectangular pen with openings in one of the long sides through which the sheep could extend its head to graze. FS...

  19. Stereotypies in pregnant sows: indications of influence of the housing system on the patterns expressed by the animals

    Contributor(s):: Vieuille-Thomas, C., Pape, G. le, Signoret, J. P.

    Patterns of stereotyped behaviour were observed in pregnant sows maintained in different housing systems in commercial farms. The stereotypies were compared between stalled and tethered Large White sows (124 and 68, respectively) and between stalled and group-housed Large White/Landrace crosses...

  20. Comparison between 28 zoological parks: stereotypic and social behaviours of captive brown bears ( Ursus arctos )

    Contributor(s):: Montaudouin, S., Pape, G. le

    In the present study we compared 33 enclosures in 28 parks, with a total of 66 bears. We chose direct observation of behaviour rather than surveys. Each enclosure was observed during one day; stereotypies and social relationships were qualitatively noted in types and amount. The connections of...