China's bear farming and long-term solutions
Contributor(s):: Li, P. J.
Commentary on China's bear farming to obtain bear bile for traditional Chinese medicine and possible long-term solutions.
Activity and enrichment use in disabled Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus) rescued from bile farms
| Contributor(s):: Dallaire, J. A., Field, N., Mason, G. J.
Physical disability has the potential to impede the use of environmental enrichments in rehabilitation programmes. We therefore compared the behaviour of 63 disabled and non-disabled socially housed adult Asiatic black bears rescued from bile farms for 103 observation hours. Amputees were less...
Captive bears in human-animal welfare conflict: a case study of bile extraction on Asia's bear farms
| Contributor(s):: Kikuchi, R.
Compromised health and welfare of bears farmed for bile in China
| Contributor(s):: Loeffler, I. K., Robinson, J., Cochrane, G.
The practice of farming bears for bile extraction is legal in China and involves an estimated 10,000 to 12,000 animals, primarily Asiatic black bears (Ursus thibetanus). This study outlines the compromises to health and welfare suffered by bears on bile farms and is based on the results of visits...