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  1. Should we be keeping elephants in captivity?

    Contributor(s):: Taylor, N.

  2. Furred and feathered friends: how attached are zookeepers to the animals in their care?

    Contributor(s):: Melfi, V., Skyner, L., Birke, L., Ward, S. J., Shaw, W. S., Hosey, G.

    Keeper-animal relationships (KARs) appear to be important in zoos, since they can enhance the well-being of both the animals and the keepers, can make animal husbandry easier, but conversely might risk inappropriate habituation of animals and possible risks to the safety of keepers. It is,...

  3. Behavioural analysis of captive tigers (Panthera tigris): A water pool makes the difference

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Biolatti, Cristina, Modesto, Paola, Dezzutto, Daniela, Pera, Francesca, Tarantola, Martina, Gennero, Maria Silvia, Maurella, Cristiana, Acutis, Pier Luigi

    The activity budgets of seven captive tigers (Panthera tigris) housed in four zoological gardens (A, B, C, D) were analysed to assess their welfare and to relate it to several variables, including enclosure type, management, and animal history. Behaviours were recorded by instantaneous focal...

  4. Caregiver/orangutan relationships at Auckland Zoo: empathy, friendship, and ethics between species

    | Contributor(s):: Palmer, A., Malone, N., Park, J.

    Drawing on ethnographic, ethological, and historical data, we examined the relationships between orangutans and caregivers at Auckland Zoo. Caregivers displayed high levels of empathy and adjusted their husbandry routines to their interpretations of the orangutans' moods. Caregivers experienced...

  5. The handling of stray dogs in Norway and Hungary : The operation of Budadogs

    | Contributor(s):: Caroline Holtet

    Many countries in Europe have so called stray dogs,Hungary is one of them. Norway does not have a problem with stray dogs due to a well function society, strict animal welfare law and generally high standard of living, so the term “stray dog” is not in use in Norway. The aim of my...

  6. Keeper-animal interactions: differences between the behaviour of zoo animals affect stockmanship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Melfi, V.

    Stockmanship is a term used to describe the management of animals with a good stockperson someone who does this in a in a safe, effective, and low-stress manner for both the stock-keeper and animals involved. Although impacts of unfamiliar zoo visitors on animal behaviour have been extensively...

  7. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...

  8. Environmentally enriching American mink (Neovison vison) increases lymphoid organ weight and skeletal symmetry, and reveals differences between two sub-types of stereotypic behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Diez-Leon, M., Bursian, S., Galicia, D., Napolitano, A., Palme, R., Mason, G.

    Enrichment studies for wild carnivores (e.g., in zoos) are often short-term, use enrichments of unknown motivational significance, and focus on glucocorticoids and stereotypic behaviour (SB), ignoring other stress-relevant variables. Our study assessed the broad behavioural and physiological...

  9. What drives cat-owner behaviour? First steps towards limiting domestic-cat impacts on native wildlife

    | Contributor(s):: MacDonald, E., Milfont, T., Gavin, M.

    Context. Cats can have substantial negative impacts on native wildlife. To harness the collective conservation impact of owners keeping cats inside, advocacy campaigns need to be based on empirical evidence regarding potential drivers to change cat-owner behaviour. Aims. We assessed the degree to...

  10. A "how-to" guide for designing judgment bias studies to assess captive animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J.

    Robust methods to assess nonhuman animal emotion are essential for ensuring good welfare in captivity. Cognitive bias measures such as the judgment bias task have recently emerged as promising tools to assess animal emotion. The simple design and objective response measures make judgment bias...

  11. A multi-institutional assessment of factors influencing locomotion and pacing in captive okapis ( Okapia johnstoni)

    | Contributor(s):: Bennett, C., Torgerson-White, L., Fripp, D., Watters, J., Petric, A.

    The okapi ( Okapia johnstoni), native to the Democratic Republic of Congo, is a large, solitary, and diurnal forest-dwelling ungulate highly sensitive to captive conditions. The captive population demonstrates persistent health problems, reproductive abnormalities, and several potentially...

  12. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  13. Chinese visitors' experiences of nature and wild macaques: inspiration and personal growth for living in Hong Kong

    | Contributor(s):: Lee, WingNaam, Davey, G.

    Country parks offer urban residents the opportunity to experience wildlife, engage in environmental education, and socially bond with family and friends, but little is known about these experiences in China. Twenty-five interviews were conducted in 2012 to investigate the meanings Hong Kong...

  14. Zoo playgrounds: a source of enrichment or stress for a group of nearby cockatoos? A case study

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, C. K., Marples, N. M.

    There is increasing evidence that in some circumstances, zoo visitors may be aversive stimuli to nonhuman animals housed in zoos. Yet, most previous research has focused on primates with little attention given to numerous other species who are housed in zoos. The focus animal of this project was...

  15. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

    Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...

  16. Effects of visual contact with zoo visitors on black-capped capuchin welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Sherwen, S. L., Harvey, T. J., Magrath, M. J. L., Butler, K. L., Fanson, K. V., Hemsworth, P. H.

    Previous research has suggested that the presence of zoo visitors may be stressful for various primate species, and visual contact with visitors may be the sensory stimuli that mediate visitor effects. We studied a group of black-capped capuchins, Cebus apella, in a controlled experiment,...

  17. GPS technology as a proxy tool for determining relationships in social animals: an example with African elephants

    | Contributor(s):: Hacker, C. E., Horback, K. M., Miller, L. J.

    The potential application of GPS technology in determining relationships among social animals was addressed in this study of eight African elephants residing at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park in Escondido, CA, USA between 2009 and 2011. GPS coordinates were collected over nine 24 h periods from...

  18. The role of zoos in modern society - a comparison of zoos' reported priorities and what visitors believe they should be

    | Contributor(s):: Roe, K., McConney, A., Mansfield, C. F.

    Modern zoos are required to fulfill a growing number of responsibilities including scientific research, wildlife conservation, public recreation, and education. With so many roles and responsibilities and limited funds, zoos have to prioritize their activities in relation to their own specified...

  19. A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.

    Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...

  20. Effect of enclosure quality on reactivity and welfare of captive Soemmerring's gazelle ( Gazella soemmerringii )

    | Contributor(s):: Mansour, A. A. H., Zakaria, A. H., Fraser, A. F.

    The welfare of nonhuman animals in zoos is a great challenge to the zookeeper. Changes in the behavioral response of captive animals to their immediate environment can be used as a method for evaluating their welfare status. This study evaluates reactive responses of 3 groups of captive...