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Tags: Genes + Animal behavior

All Categories (1-15 of 15)

  1. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  2. A standardized ethogram for the Felidae: a tool for behavioral researchers

    | Contributor(s):: Stanton, L. A., Sullivan, M. S., Fazio, J. M.

    Standardized ethograms offer many practical benefits to behavioral researchers, and several examples exist today for various species and taxa. Despite historic evidence that suggests the family Felidae share similar behavioral repertoires, no standardized ethogram providing comprehensive...

  3. Dominance rank is associated with body condition in outdoor-living domestic horses ( Equus caballus)

    | Contributor(s):: Giles, S. L., Nicol, C. J., Harris, P. A., Rands, S. A.

    The aim of our study was to explore the association between dominance rank and body condition in outdoor group-living domestic horses, Equus caballus. Social interactions were recorded using a video camera during a feeding test, applied to 203 horses in 42 herds. Dominance rank was assigned to...

  4. Differences in open field behavior between heterozygous and homozygous negative gilts for the RYR(1) gene

    | Contributor(s):: Fabrega, E., Diestre, A., Font, J., Carrion, D., Velarde, A., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.

    A test widely used to assess fear and novelty responses in domestic species is the open field. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of RYR(1) genotype on open field behavior in growing pigs. The study subjected 15 heterozygous (Nn) and 15 RYR(1)-free (NN) gilts of 19 weeks of age...

  5. Variation in reproductive traits of members of the genus Canis with special attention to the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Lord, K., Feinstein, M., Smith, B., Coppinger, R.

  6. Animal welfare: should we change housing to better accommodate the animal or change the animal to accommodate the housing?

    | Contributor(s):: Cheng, Heng-Wei

    Animal welfare (well-being) can be generally defined as 'a state of harmony between the animal and its environment, characterized by optimal physical, behavioural and psychological functioning and high quality of the animal's life'. Since its inception in the early nineteenth century, through...

  7. Domestication - from behaviour to genes and back again

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, P.

    During domestication, animals have adapted with respect to behaviour and an array of other traits. This tends to give rise to a specific domestication phenotype, involving similar changes in colour, size, physiology and behaviour among different species. Hence, domestication offers a model for...

  8. Genetics and genomics of animal behaviour and welfare - challenges and possibilities. (Special Issue: Farm animal welfare since the Brambell report.)

    | Contributor(s):: Jensen, P., Buitenhuis, B., Kjaer, J., Zanella, A., Mormede, P., Pizzari, T.

    Traditionally, the contribution of applied ethology to animal welfare science has concentrated on understanding the reactions of animals to their housing conditions. Domestication has had small effects on fundamental aspects of animal behaviour, and therefore, the needs of present day...

  9. An approach to canine behavioural genetics employing guide dogs for the blind

    | Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Hashizume, C., Arata, S., Inoue-Murayama, M., Maki, T., Hart, B. L., Mori, Y.

    The purpose of this study was to attempt to find related variables of the canine genome with behavioural traits of dogs maintained and tested in a guide dog facility which provided a relatively uniform environment. The study involved 81 Labrador Retrievers that were being trained as guide dogs....

  10. Review of 'From genes to animal behavior: Social structures, personalities, communication by color'

    | Contributor(s):: Edenbrow, Mathew

  11. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  12. Behaviour in pigs from three genotypes segregating at the halothane locus

    | Contributor(s):: Schaefer, A. L., Sather, A. P., Tong, A. K. W., Lepage, P.

    Time-lapse video recordings were made over 24-h periods on 32 halothane-negative pigs (NN) and halothane-positive pigs (nn) and on 16 of their progeny (Nn). Ethograms constructed from the tapes revealed that halothane-positive pigs drank and ate less frequently and spent longer investigating...

  13. Traits and genotypes may predict the successful training of drug detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Maejima, M., Inoue-Murayama, M., Tonosaki, K., Matsuura, N., Kato, S., Saito, Y., Weiss, A., Murayama, Y., Ito, S.

    In Japan, approximately 30% of dogs that enter training programs to become drug detection dogs successfully complete training. To clarify factors related to the aptitude of drug detection dogs and develop an assessment tool, we evaluated genotypes and behavioural traits of 197 candidate dogs. The...

  14. Maternal infanticide in sows: incidence and behavioural comparisons between savaging and non-savaging sows at parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Chen, CongYing, Gilbert, C. L., Yang, GuangCheng, Guo, YuanMei, Segonds-Pichon, A., Ma, JunWu, Evans, G., Brenig, B., Sargent, C., Affara, N., Huang, LuSheng

    Aggressive behaviour by newly farrowed sows towards their own offspring, known as savaging, occurs commonly in the domestic pig, with a significant impact upon both the agricultural economy and animal welfare. The aims of this study were to investigate the incidence and nature of this behaviour...

  15. Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.

    By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...