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  1. Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.

    Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...

  2. Oxytocin Receptor Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated with Human Directed Social Behavior in Dogs (Canis familiaris)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Anna Kis, Melinda Bence, Gabriella Lakatos, Enikõ Pergel, Borbála Turcsán, Jolanda Pluijmakers, Judit Vas, Zsuzsanna Elek, Ildikó Brúder, Levente Földi, Mária Sasvári-Székely, Adám Miklósi, Zsolt Rónai, Enikõ Kubinyi

    The oxytocin system has a crucial role in human sociality; several results prove that polymorphisms of the oxytocin receptor gene are related to complex social behaviors in humans. Dogs' parallel evolution with humans and their adaptation to the human environment has made them a useful...

  3. Structural variants in genes associated with human Williams-Beuren syndrome underlie stereotypical hypersociability in domestic dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Bridgett M. vonHoldt, Emily Shuldiner, Ilana Janowitz Koch, Rebecca Y. Kartzinel, Andrew Hogan, Lauren Brubaker, Shelby Wanser, Daniel Stahler, Clive D. L. Wynne, Elaine A. Ostrander, Janet S. Sinsheimer, Monique A. R. Udell

    Although considerable progress has been made in understanding the genetic basis of morphologic traits (for example, body size and coat color) in dogs and wolves, the genetic basis of their behavioral divergence is poorly understood. An integrative approach using both behavioral and genetic data...

  4. Genetic components of companion animal behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, Paul, McCune, Sandra, Freund, Lisa S., Esposito, Layla, Gee, Nancy R., McCardle, Peggy

  5. Canine olfactory receptor gene polymorphism and its relation to odor detection performance by sniffer dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Lesniak, A., Walczak, M., Jezierski, T., Sacharczuk, M., Gawkowski, M., Jaszczak, K.

  6. Gut microbiota of humans, dogs and cats: current knowledge and future opportunities and challenges

    | Contributor(s):: Deng, P., Swanson, K. S.

    High-throughput DNA sequencing techniques allow for the identification and characterisation of microbes and their genes (microbiome). Using these new techniques, microbial populations in several niches of the human body, including the oral and nasal cavities, skin, urogenital tract and...

  7. Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jeppsson, S.

    Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can...

  8. Variation in reproductive traits of members of the genus Canis with special attention to the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris)

    | Contributor(s):: Lord, K., Feinstein, M., Smith, B., Coppinger, R.

  9. Canine olfactory genetics

    | Contributor(s):: Quignon, P., Robin, S., Galibert, F.

  10. Genetic diversity of canine olfactory receptors

    | Contributor(s):: Robin, S., Tacher, S., Rimbault, M., Vaysse, A., Dreano, S., Andre, C., Hitte, C., Galibert, F.

  11. Organization and expression of canine olfactory receptor genes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Issel-Tarver, L., Rine, J.

    Four members of the canine olfactory receptor gene family were characterized. The predicted proteins shared 40-64% identity with previously identified olfactory receptors. The four subfamilies identified in Southern hybridization experiments had as few as 2 and as many as 20 members. All four...

  12. Can dogs behaving badly suggest a new way to treat OCD?

    | Contributor(s):: Holden, Constance, Travis, John

  13. Heterogeneity and phylogenetic relationships of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolates in healthy dogs, cats and their owners

    | Contributor(s):: Wan, M. T., Fu, S. Y., Lo, Y. P., Huang, T. M., Cheng, M. M., Chou, C. C.

    Aims: To investigate the distribution of staphylococcal enterotoxin genes (se) and the molecular features of community-associated methicillin-sensitive/resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MSSA/MRSA) isolates in the nostrils of healthy pets and their owners. Methods and Results: A total of 114...

  14. An approach to canine behavioural genetics employing guide dogs for the blind

    | Contributor(s):: Takeuchi, Y., Hashizume, C., Arata, S., Inoue-Murayama, M., Maki, T., Hart, B. L., Mori, Y.

    The purpose of this study was to attempt to find related variables of the canine genome with behavioural traits of dogs maintained and tested in a guide dog facility which provided a relatively uniform environment. The study involved 81 Labrador Retrievers that were being trained as guide dogs....

  15. Proceedings of the 6th International Veterinary Behavior Meeting (IVBM), Riccione, Italy, 17-19 June 2007

    A total of 43 abstracts of papers presented at the 6th International Veterinary Behaviour Meeting are included in this issue. The following topics are covered: behaviour; behavioural medicine; and clinical ethology; behavioural development; relationship and influence of owners on behaviour;...

  16. Traits and genotypes may predict the successful training of drug detection dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Maejima, M., Inoue-Murayama, M., Tonosaki, K., Matsuura, N., Kato, S., Saito, Y., Weiss, A., Murayama, Y., Ito, S.

    In Japan, approximately 30% of dogs that enter training programs to become drug detection dogs successfully complete training. To clarify factors related to the aptitude of drug detection dogs and develop an assessment tool, we evaluated genotypes and behavioural traits of 197 candidate dogs. The...

  17. Challenges and paradoxes in the companion-animal niche

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Bennett, P. C.

    By definition, the companion-animal niche demands merely that animals must provide companionship. At first glance, this may seem easy enough, but the forces that contribute to success in this niche are complex. Indeed, success as a companion is rarely measured in terms of biological fitness, and...