Risk assessment of genetically modified food and neoliberalism: an argument for democratizing the regulatory review protocol of the Food and Drug Administration
Contributor(s):: Meghani, Z.
The primary responsibility of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is to protect public health by ensuring the safety of the food supply. To that end, it sometimes conducts risk assessments of novel food products, such as genetically modified (GM) food. The FDA describes its regulatory...
The leading Canadian NGOs' discourse on fish farming: from ecocentric intuitions to biocentric solutions
Contributor(s):: Pigeon, L. E., Letourneau, L.
The development of the aquaculture industry in Canada has triggered a conflict of a scope never seen before. As stated in Young and Matthews' The Aquaculture Controversy, this debate has "mushroomed over the past several decades to become one of the most bitter and stubborn face-offs over...
Genetic engineering and other factors that might affect human-animal interactions in the research setting
Contributor(s):: Comber, J., Griffin, G.
Evidence exists, particularly in the welfare literature of nonhuman animals on the farm, that the interaction between nonhuman animals and the personnel who care for them can have a strong effect on the animals' behavior, productivity, and welfare. Among species commonly used for biomedical...
Legal and ethical apprehensions regarding relational object. The case of genetically modified fish
Contributor(s):: Coutellec, L., Doussan, I.
Public attitudes toward the use of animals in research: effects of invasiveness, genetic modification and regulation
Contributor(s):: Ormandy, E. H., Schuppli, C. A., Weary, D. M.
Assumptions of the deficit model type of thinking: ignorance, attitudes, and science communication in the debate on genetic engineering in agriculture
Contributor(s):: Ahteensuu, M.
Ethical discourse on the use of genetically modified crops: a review of academic publications in the fields of ecology and environmental ethics
Contributor(s):: Gregorowius, D., Lindemann-Matthies, P., Huppenbauer, M.
Ethical frameworks and farmer participation in controversial farming practices
Contributor(s):: Cardoso, S. P., James, H. S., Jr.
GMOs and global justice: applying global justice theory to the case of genetically modified crops and food
Contributor(s):: Toft, K. H.
Qualified for evaluation? A GM potato and the orders of rural worth
Contributor(s):: Valve, H.
A social contract for biotechnology: shared visions for risky technologies? (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Bruce, D. M.
Future technological developments concerning food, agriculture, and the environment face the conflict of social legitimation from a skeptical public and media, in the wake of the crises of bovine spongiform encephalopathy, genetic modified (GM) food, and foot and mouth disease in the UK. Key...
Are life patents ethical? Conflict between catholic social teaching and agricultural biotechnology's patent regime
Contributor(s):: Warner, K. D.
Patents for genetic material in the industrialized countries have expanded significantly over the past twenty years, playing a crucial role in the current configuration of the agricultural biotechnology industries, and raising significant ethical issues. Patents have been claimed for genes, gene...
Are scientists right and non-scientists wrong? Reflections on discussions of GM
Contributor(s):: Deckers, J.
This paper furthers the understanding of the view that genetic modification (GM) is unnatural, and of the critical response to this view. While many people have been reported to hold the view that GM is unnatural, many policy-makers and their advisors have suggested that the view must be ignored...
Biotechnology and naturalness in the genomics era: plotting a timetable for the biotechnology debate
Contributor(s):: Zwart, H.
Debates on the role of biotechnology in food production are beset with notorious ambiguities. This already applies to the term "biotechnology" itself. Does it refer to the use and modification of living organisms in general, or rather to a specific set of technologies developed quite recently in...
Conflict over risks in food production: a challenge for democracy
Contributor(s):: Jensen, K. K.
When it comes to conflict over risk management priorities in food production, a number of observers, including myself, have called for some sort of public deliberation as a means of resolving the moral disagreements underlying such conflicts. This paper asks how, precisely, such deliberation...
Consensus conferences - a case study: publiforum in Switzerland with special respect to the role of lay persons and ethics. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Skorupinski, B., Baranzke, H., Ingensiep, H. W., Meinhardt, M.
This paper presents a case study dealing with the Switzerland's consensus conference called "PubliForum", which tackled the issue of "Genetic Technology and Nutrition" (1999). Societal and ethical aspects of genetically modified foods can be seen as prototypes of topics depending on the...
Consumer autonomy and sufficiency of GMF labeling
Contributor(s):: Siipi, H., Uusitalo, S.
Individuals' food choices are intimately connected to their self-images and world views. Some dietary choices adopted by consumers pose restrictions on their use of genetically modified food (GMF). It is quite generally agreed that some kind of labeling is necessary for respecting consumers'...
Contamination, crop trials, and compatibility. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Bruce, D.
This paper examines the ethical and social questions that underlie the present UK discussion whether genetically modified (GM) crops and organic agriculture can coexist within a given region or are mutually exclusive. A European Commission report predicted practical difficulties in achieving...
Democracy at its best? The consensus conference in a cross-national perspective. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, A. P., Lassen, J., Sandoe, P.
Over recent decades, public participation in technology assessment has spread internationally as an attempt to overcome or prevent societal conflicts over controversial technologies. One outcome of this new surge in public consultation initiatives has been the increased use of participatory...
Developing the ethical Delphi. (Special Issue: Ethical tools.)
Contributor(s):: Millar, K., Thorstensen, E., Tomkins, S., Mepham, B., Kaiser, M.
A number of EU institutions and government committees across Europe have expressed interest in developing methods and decision-support tools to facilitate consideration of the ethical dimensions of biotechnology assessment. As part of the work conducted in the EC supported project on ethical...