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  1. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  2. Domesticating animals in Africa : implications of genetic and archaeological findings

    | Contributor(s):: Gifford-Gonzalez, Diane

  3. Are farmed salmon more prone to risk than wild salmon? Susceptibility of juvenile farm, hybrid and wild Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. to an artificial predator

    | Contributor(s):: Solberg, M. F., Zhang, ZhiWei, Glover, K. A.

    Offspring of farmed Atlantic salmon have been documented to display lower survival than the offspring of wild salmon in the wild. It has been suggested that reduced survival of farmed salmon offspring in the wild could, in part, be explained by increased susceptibility to predation through...

  4. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    | Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  5. Comparison of adoption agency breed identification and DNA breed identification of dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Voith, V. L., Ingram, E., Mitsouras, K., Irizarry, K.

    Governmental and other agencies may require dog caregivers (owners) to provide breed identification of their dogs. This study compares breed identification by adoption agencies with identification by DNA analysis in 20 dogs of unknown parentage. Of the 20 dogs who had been adopted from 17...

  6. Genetically modified laboratory animals - what welfare problems do they face?

    | Contributor(s):: Buehr, M., Hjorth, P. J., Hansen, A. K., Sandoe, P.

    In this article, we respond to public concern expressed about the welfare of genetically modified (GM) non-human animals. As a contribution to the debate on this subject, we attempt in this article to determine in what situations the practice of genetic modification in rodents may generate...

  7. Dairy calves' adaptation to group housing with automated feeders

    | Contributor(s):: Fujiwara, M., Rushen, J., Passille, A. M. de

    Group housing of dairy calves with automated milk feeders has likely welfare and labour saving advantages but delays in the calves adapting to the feeding system may reduce these advantages. We examined factors that influence calves' adaptation to the feeders. In Exp. 1, 77 Holstein calves were...

  8. Purebred dogs and canine wellbeing

    | Contributor(s):: Jeppsson, S.

    Breeders of purebred dogs usually have several goals they want to accomplish, of which canine wellbeing is one. The purpose of this article is to investigate what we ought to do given this goal. Breeders typically think that they fulfil their wellbeing-related duties by doing the best they can...

  9. Relationships between young stallions' temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations

    | Contributor(s):: Peeters, M., Verwilghen, D., Serteyn, D., Vandenheede, M.

    Horse handling and veterinary examination can induce hazardous stress reactions. Such reactions occur especially in young and less-trained horses, particularly stallions, and make their handling a risk for breeders, grooms, and medical staff. Moreover, these stressful situations will affect the...

  10. 'Bling with bite' - the rise of status and weapon dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Harding, S.

  11. The use of quantitative risk assessment to assess lifetime welfare outcomes for breech strike and mulesing management options in Merino sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Fisher, A. D., Giraudo, A., Martin, P. A. J., Paton, M. W.

  12. Canine olfactory genetics

    | Contributor(s):: Quignon, P., Robin, S., Galibert, F.

  13. Organization and expression of canine olfactory receptor genes

    | Contributor(s):: Issel-Tarver, L., Rine, J.

  14. Breeding for better welfare: genetic goals for broiler chickens and their parents

    | Contributor(s):: Dawkins, M. S., Layton, R.

  15. Human perceptions of coat color as an indicator of domestic cat personality

    | Contributor(s):: Delgado, M. M., Munera, J. D., Reevy, G. M.

  16. Exploiting abstract possibilities: a critique of the concept and practice of product patenting

    | Contributor(s):: Radder, H.

    Developments in biotechnology and genomics have moved the issue of patenting scientific and technological inventions toward the centre of interest. In particular, the patentability of genes of plants, animals, or humans and of genetically modified (parts of) living organisms has been discussed,...

  17. Genetic engineering and the integrity of animals

    | Contributor(s):: Vries, R. de

    Genetic engineering evokes a number of objections that are not directed at the negative effects the technique might have on the health and welfare of the modified animals. The concept of animal integrity is often invoked to articulate these kind of objections. Moreover, in reaction to the advent...

  18. Risks associated with genetic modification: an annotated bibliography of peer reviewed natural science publications

    | Contributor(s):: Weaver, S. A., Morris, M. C.

    An annotated bibliography is presented of peer-reviewed papers highlighting the human health, animal welfare, and environmental risks (concerning biodiversity in particular) associated with genetic modification. The bibliography is organized according to the nature of the risks in question: (1)...

  19. A behaviour test on German Shepherd dogs: heritability of seven different traits

    | Contributor(s):: Ruefenacht, S., Gebhardt-Henrich, S., Miyake, T., Gaillard, C.

    In this study, genetic and non-genetic effects on behavioural traits were estimated, based on records of the field behaviour test of the Swiss German Shepherd Dog breeding club. This standardized test has been applied since 1949 and comprised the following seven traits: self-confidence, nerve...

  20. Effect of male-to-male aggressiveness and feed-restriction during rearing on sexual behaviour and aggressiveness towards females by male domestic fowl

    | Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T., Duncan, I. J. H.

    This experiment was one part of a larger study investigating problems of aggression towards females by male broiler breeder fowl. To investigate causal mechanisms, we were interested in determining (1) if feed-restriction during rearing affects behaviour towards females at sexual maturity and (2)...