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  1. Is seeing still believing? Leveraging deepfake technology for livestock farming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Neethirajan, S.

    Deepfake technologies are known for the creation of forged celebrity pornography, face and voice swaps, and other fake media content. Despite the negative connotations the technology bears, the underlying machine learning algorithms have a huge potential that could be applied to not just digital...

  2. Reliability of internet information on bite behavior of domestic dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ito, K., Shiga, Y., Tanaka, M., Matsuura, A., Irimajiri, M.

    Many dog owners who are dealing with behavioral problems in their dog look for solutions on the internet. However, the quality of the information available online has not yet been assessed. Therefore, in this study, we comprehensively collected information available online on behavior...

  3. Emotional Support Animals: Considerations for Documentation

    | Contributor(s):: Tin, A. H., Rabinowitz, P., Fowler, H.

    2020Am Fam Physician1015302-3040002-838xengSwedish Cherry Hill Family Medicine Residency, Seattle, WA, USA.University of Washington Departments of Environmental/Occupational Health Sciences, Family Medicine, Global Health and UW Center for One Health Research, Seattle, WA,...

  4. Human-animal interactions of community dogs in Campo Largo, Brazil: a descriptive study

    | Contributor(s):: Kwok, Y. K. E., Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Sprea, G., Molento, C. F. M.

    Free-roaming, ownerless dogs comprise a considerable portion of Brazil's dog population. To address societal concerns for animal welfare, the Brazilian town of Campo Largo established the "community dog program," where free-roaming dogs are cared for by self-appointed community members, known as...

  5. Strong souls, gentle spirits

    | Contributor(s):: Patricia Iris Maureen Caffin

    The documentary Strong Souls, Gentle Spirits is a film that combines the aspects of truthful documentary filmmaking but also incorporates filmmaking techniques and the filmmaker's involvement common to traditional narrative films. The main theme of the documentary centers on overcoming...

  6. On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations

    | Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.

    The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...

  7. Dogs in the Hall: A Case Study of Affective Skill Development in an Urban Veterinary Program

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, Michael, Tummons, John, Ball, Anna, Bird, William

    The purpose of this bounded single case study was to explore how an urban high school veterinary program impacted students' affective skill development. The program was unique because students were required to participate in internships with local animal care businesses and care for animals...

  8. An initial investigation into the effects of isolation and enrichment on the welfare of laboratory pigs housed in the PigTurn system, assessed using tear staining, behaviour, physiology and haematology

    | Contributor(s):: DeBoer, S. P., Garner, J. P., McCain, R. R., Lay, D. C., Jr., Eicher, S. D., Marchant-Forde, J. N.

    In some parts of the world, the laboratory pig ( Sus scrofa) is often housed in individual, sterile housing which may impose stress. Our objectives were to determine the effects of isolation and enrichment on pigs housed within the PigTurn - a novel penning system with automated blood sampling -...

  9. The day-to-day management of UK leisure horses and the prevalence of owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems

    | Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    While concerns regarding the day-to-day management of domestic horses have been raised in relation to behaviour problems and welfare, most published studies have focused on the management of performance horses and less is known about the routine management of leisure horses and the prevalence of...

  10. The relevance of variations in group size and phenotypic appearance on the behaviour and movement patterns of young domestic fowl

    | Contributor(s):: Liste, G., Campderrich, I., Beltran Heredia, I. de, Estevez, I.

    Variations in the group size of laying hens might increase the risk of undesired behaviours with important consequences for the birds' health and welfare. However, larger groups housed at constant densities also translate into larger enclosures that may increase space efficiency, therefore...

  11. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    | Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  12. Citizen science: a new direction in canine behavior research

    | Contributor(s):: Hecht, J., Rice, E. S.

    Researchers increasingly rely on members of the public to contribute to scientific projects-from collecting or identifying, to analyzing and disseminating data. The "citizen science" model proves useful to many thematically distinctive fields, like ornithology, astronomy, and phenology. The...

  13. Intentions and values in animal welfare legislation and standards

    | Contributor(s):: Lundmark, F., Berg, C., Schmid, O., Behdadi, D., Rocklinsberg, H.

    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and...

  14. Same pig, different conclusions: stakeholders differ in qualitative behaviour assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Duijvesteijn, N., Benard, M., Reimert, I., Camerlink, I.

    Animal welfare in pig production is frequently a topic of debate and is sensitive in nature. This debate is partly due to differences in values, forms, convictions, interests and knowledge among the stakeholders that constitute differences among their frames of reference with respect to pigs and...

  15. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    | Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  16. In the shadow of a rainbow: the history of animal hospice

    | Contributor(s):: Marocchino, K. D.

  17. A novel approach to identify and map kitten clusters using geographic information systems (GIS): a case study from Tompkins County, NY

    | Contributor(s):: Reading, A. S., Scarlett, J. M., Berliner, E. A.

    A retrospective study using a geographic information system (GIS) was conducted to capture, map, and analyze intake data of caregiver (owner)-surrendered kittens (aged 0-6 months) to the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (SPCA) of Tompkins County, NY, from 2009 to 2011. Addresses...

  18. A scoping review of published research on the relinquishment of companion animals

    | Contributor(s):: Coe, J. B., Young, I., Lambert, K., Dysart, L., Borden, L. N., Rajic, A.

    Globally, large populations of companion animals are relinquished each year. The purpose of this scoping review was to identify all published research investigating companion-animal relinquishment to map out and evaluate research gaps, needs, and opportunities. A comprehensive search strategy was...

  19. A veterinary and behavioral analysis of dolphin killing methods currently used in the "drive hunt" in Taiji, Japan

    | Contributor(s):: Butterworth, A., Brakes, P., Vail, C. S., Reiss, D.

    Annually in Japanese waters, small cetaceans are killed in "drive hunts" with quotas set by the government of Japan. The Taiji Fishing Cooperative in Japan has published the details of a new killing method that involves cutting (transecting) the spinal cord and purports to reduce time to death....

  20. Behavioral ecology of captive species: using behavioral adaptations to assess and enhance welfare of nonhuman zoo animals

    | Contributor(s):: Koene, P.

    This project aimed to estimate a species' adaptations in nature and in captivity, assess welfare, suggest environmental changes, and find species characteristics that underlie welfare problems in nonhuman animals in the zoo. First, the current status of zoo animal welfare assessment was reviewed,...