Human Behaviour Change Interventions in Animal Care and Interactive Settings: A Review and Framework for Design and Evaluation
Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Abraham, C., Coleman, G.
Changing Human Behavior to Improve Animal Welfare: A Longitudinal Investigation of Training Laboratory Animal Personnel about Heterospecific Play or "Rat Tickling"
Contributor(s):: LaFollette, M. R., Cloutier, S., Brady, C. M., O'Haire, M. E., Gaskill, B. N.
Animal welfare in the U.S. slaughter industry-a focus on fed cattle
Contributor(s):: Edwards-Callaway, L. N., Calvo-Lorenzo, M. S.
A Survey of Rabbit Handling Methods Within the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland
Contributor(s):: Oxley, James Andrew, Ellis, Clare Frances, McBride, E. Anne, McCormick, Wanda Denise
Rabbits are commonly kept in a variety of settings, including homes, laboratories, and veterinary clinics. Despite the popularity of keeping this prey species, little research has investigated current methods of handling. The aim of this study was to examine the experience of caregivers (owners...
Playful handling as social enrichment for individually- and group-housed laboratory rats
Contributor(s):: Cloutier, Sylvie, Baker, Chelsea, Wahl, Kim, Panksepp, Jaak, Newberry, Ruth C.
Social housing is recommended for laboratory rats because they are highly social mammals but research constraints or medical issues often demand individual housing and, when social housing is practiced, it typically involves housing with only one or two conspecifics. We hypothesized that playful...
Testing two behavioural paradigms for measuring post-handling cat aversion behaviour
Contributor(s):: Moody, Carly M., Mason, Georgia J., Dewey, Cate E., Landsberg, Gary M., Niel, Lee
Owned, shelter, and laboratory cats undergo handling and restraint throughout their lifetime for routine health examinations and necessary procedures. Many cats display fear and aggressive behaviour during health examinations, and there is potential for these behaviours to result in incomplete...
Making sense of it all: The importance of taking into account the sensory abilities of animals in their housing and management
Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Birte L.
In this selective review, examples are given of how different animal species use different sensory modalities in different ways. These examples serve to illustrate that we should not forget to take sensory abilities of the animals that we manage into account to ensure or improve their welfare. As...
A happier rat pack: The impacts of tickling pet store rats on human-animal interactions and rat welfare
Contributor(s):: LaFollette, Megan R., O’Haire, Marguerite E., Cloutier, Sylvie, Gaskill, Brianna N.
Rats find initial interactions with humans frightening, which can lead to negative affect, and poor welfare. A handling technique called "tickling", which mimics rat rough-and-tumble play, can be used to reduce these negative effects. When tickled, rats produce 50 kilohertz (kHz) ultrasonic...
Influence of low stress handling during clinical visit on physiological and behavioural indicators in adult dogs: a preliminary study
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Bruno Scalia, Daniela Alberghina, Michele Panzera
Low stress handling techniques or “Fear Free principles” in veterinary clinics are becoming an important research area aimed at improving small animal welfare, considering that the majority of dogs who undergo clinical examinations exhibit fear or anxiety signs. Objective of this...
An Experimental Course: Animal Handling, Safety, and Well-Being
| Contributor(s):: Brady M McNeil, Heather A Jennings, Christen G. Jackson, Anna K. Johnson, Jodi A. Sterle
Students in the Department of Animal Science at Iowa State University are coming from increasingly diverse backgrounds, with little to no experience working with or handling various livestock species. In order to best accommodate these students, additional courses are being developed, one of...
Tickling Rats: Differential Benefits for Pet Store Rats
| Contributor(s):: Whitney Blankenberger
Animal welfare and the effects of the human-animal bond are becoming increasingly important to researchers and the public. Animal use in biomedical research is indispensable and inevitably creates stressful situations for the animals. One way to mediate this stress and improve rat welfare is by...
In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle
There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...
Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans
| Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.
Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...
Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs
| Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.
This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...
Worker injuries involving the interaction of cattle, cattle handlers, and farm structures or equipment
| Contributor(s):: Shannon L. Fox
Cattle and other livestock have been identified as leading sources of injuries to workers in agriculture. Cattle handling injuries can be serious and often appear to be under-reported [superscript]3,[superscript]4. Many of these injuries involve predictable patterns of interactions among victims,...
Cattle handling technique can induce fatigued cattle syndrome in cattle not fed a beta adrenergic agonist
| Contributor(s):: D.A. Frese, Christopher D. Reinhardt, Steven J. Bartle, David Rethorst, J.P. Hutcheson, W.T. Nichols, B.E. Depenbusch, M.E. Corrigan, Daniel U. Thomson
Angus crossbred steers (n = 40; 563 +/- 44 kg) were used to examine the effects of handling method and fat thickness on the blood chemistry and physiology of market steers. Steers were blocked by backfat (BF) thickness and were randomly assigned to treatment groups: low-stress handling (LSH) and...
Livestock Behavior as Related to Handling Facilities Design
| Contributor(s):: Temple Grandin
Choice testing utilizing a Y -maze has becfn suckssfully used to 'test animal preferences. In this experiment, 12 female Angus X Hereford X Simmental X Charolaisheifen were given a choice of walking through a squeeze chute .(crush) or being restrained in a squeeze chute. The objective of the...
Good Management Practice for Animal Handling and Stunning
These guidelines are a supplement to the 1991 Recommended Animal Handling Guideline for Meat Packers. The main emphasis of this guide is on the use of a welfare performance standards which can be objectively scored instead of specifying equipment design or practices. Scoring procedures for...
Livestock handling needs improvement
The article discusses problems with the handling of livestock and the conclusion of the article states "rough handling of livestock is not only inhumane, but can cause excessive losses due to sickness and slower growth...careful handling of livestock in all phases of production is...