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  1. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  2. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  3. Investigating the welfare, management and human-animal interactions of cattle in four Indonesian abattoirs

    | Contributor(s):: Doyle, R. E., Coleman, G. J., McGill, D. M., Reed, M., Ramdani, W., Hemsworth, P. H.

    This study reports novel information on the animal handling, management and human-animal interactions in Indonesian cattle abattoirs. The slaughter of 304 cattle was observed and there was a high percentage of re-stuns in all abattoirs (range: 8-18.9%) when compared to a variety of international...

  4. Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India

    | Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef

    To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...

  5. Early human handling in non-weaned piglets: effects on behaviour and body weight

    | Contributor(s):: Oliveira, D. de, Costa, M. J. R. P. da, Zupan, M., Rehn, T., Keeling, L. J.

    Early handling of animals including tactile stimulation (TS) has been shown to have beneficial effects on the physical and psychological development of species where considerable maternal interaction, e.g. in the form of licking, already occurs. But little is known about the magnitude of these...

  6. Persistency of the piglet's reactivity to the handler following a previous positive or negative experience

    | Contributor(s):: Brajon, S., Laforest, J. P., Bergeron, R., Tallet, C., Hotzel, M. J., Devillers, N.

    A central question in the stockman-animal relationship is how animals perceive humans depending on previous interactions with them. This study aimed at measuring the influence of a previous experience with humans on subsequent reactivity to humans of weaned piglets. Treatments differing in type...

  7. Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections

    | Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.

    The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...

  8. The day-to-day management of UK leisure horses and the prevalence of owner-reported stable-related and handling behaviour problems

    | Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, J., Creighton, E.

    While concerns regarding the day-to-day management of domestic horses have been raised in relation to behaviour problems and welfare, most published studies have focused on the management of performance horses and less is known about the routine management of leisure horses and the prevalence of...

  9. Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism

    | Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...

  10. Assessment of key parameters for gunshot used on cattle: a pilot study on shot placement and effects of diverse ammunition on isolated cattle heads

    | Contributor(s):: Schiffer, K. J., Retz, S. K., Richter, U., Algers, B., Hensel, O.

    There have been many improvements regarding transport conditions, pre-slaughter handling, and captive-bolt stunning of cattle at commercial abattoirs, but many challenges still exist. Animals unaccustomed to human-animal contact, such as free-range beef cattle, may be especially difficult to...

  11. Assessing acute effects of trapping, handling, and tagging on the behavior of wildlife using GPS telemetry: a case study of the common brushtail possum

    | Contributor(s):: Dennis, T. E., Shah, S. F.

    Trapping, handling, and deployment of tracking devices (tagging) are essential aspects of many research and conservation studies of wildlife. However, often these activities place nonhuman animals under considerable physical or psychological distress, which disrupts normal patterns of behavior...

  12. Hydration state of goats transported by road for 12 hours during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid

    | Contributor(s):: Minka, S. N., Ayo, J. O.

    This study investigated the effects of 12 hr of road transportation during the hot-dry conditions and the modulating role of ascorbic acid (AA) on the hydration state of goats. Twenty goats who served as treatment goats received oral administration of 100 mg/kg body weight of AA, whereas another...

  13. Training large macaws for artificial insemination procedures

    | Contributor(s):: Leblanc, F., Pothet, G., Jalme, M. S., Dorval, M., Bovet, D.

    For some endangered parrot species, captive breeding may be the only insurance for their survival. However, many individuals in captivity do not reproduce. Artificial insemination (AI) may help overcome reproductive failures or geographic distance. For semen collection in birds, massage is the...

  14. A comparison of handling methods relevant to the religious slaughter of sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Bates, L. S. W., Ford, E. A., Brown, S. N., Richards, G. J., Hadley, P. J., Wotton, S. B., Knowles, T. G.

    Legislation governing non-stun slaughter of sheep in England requires that they are individually and mechanically restrained for slaughter and not moved for at least 20 s post neck cut, until unconsciousness or insensibility occurs. Complying with the need for individual handling, in what is a...

  15. An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.

    This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some practitioners have...

  16. Relationships between young stallions' temperament and their behavioral reactions during standardized veterinary examinations

    | Contributor(s):: Peeters, M., Verwilghen, D., Serteyn, D., Vandenheede, M.

    Horse handling and veterinary examination can induce hazardous stress reactions. Such reactions occur especially in young and less-trained horses, particularly stallions, and make their handling a risk for breeders, grooms, and medical staff. Moreover, these stressful situations will affect the...

  17. Calming benefit of short-term alpha-casozepine supplementation during acclimation to domestic environment and basic ground training of adult semi-feral ponies

    | Contributor(s):: McDonnell, S. M., Miller, J., Vaala, W.

  18. Effect of previous handling experiences on responses of dairy calves to routine husbandry procedures

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stewart, M., Shepherd, H. M., Webster, J. R., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Schutz, K. E.

  19. Human-animal relationships at sheep and cattle abattoirs

    | Contributor(s):: Coleman, G. J., Rice, M., Hemsworth, P. H.

  20. Teaching the dog and learning from the dog: interactivity in herding dog training and use

    | Contributor(s):: Savalois, N., Lescureux, N., Brunois, F.