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  1. Picture Perfect Pups: How Do Attributes of Photographs of Dogs in Online Rescue Profiles Affect Adoption Speed?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mizuho Nakamura, Navneet Dhand, Bethany J. Wilson, Melissa J. Starling, Paul D. McGreevy

    To increase the public’s awareness of and exposure to animals needing homes, PetRescue, Australia’s largest online directory of animals in need of adoption, lists all currently available animals from rescue and welfare shelters nationwide. The current study examined the photographs...

  2. Bonds Beyond Time: Are There Differences In Well-Being, Autonomy, And Bond Between Visually Impaired Individuals With Guide Dogs Versus Pet Dogs?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Nicole Yarmolkevich

    Well-being is a broad umbrella term that encompasses an individual’s appraisal of situations and events and their satisfaction with life (Diener, 1994). Research has shown that having a severe disability can negatively impact a person’s sense of well-being. Specifically, research...

  3. The ethics of emotional support animals in the dental office

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: American Dental Association Council on Ethics, Bylaws and Judicial Affairs

  4. A Defense of Free-Roaming Cats from a Hedonist Account of Feline Well-being

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: C. E. Abbate

    There is a widespread belief that for their own safety and for the protection of wildlife, cats should be permanently kept indoors. Against this view, I argue that cat guardians have a duty to provide their feline companions with outdoor access. The argument is based on a sophisticated...

  5. Tripping Over Pets Can Have Life-Changing Consequences

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog

    Falls caused by pets can cause serious injuries, especially to the elderly.

  6. Spatial Concentrations of Wildlife Attacks on Humans in Chitwan National Park, Nepal

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Aleš Ruda, Jaromír Kolejka, Thakur Silwal

    The study was conducted within and adjacent to Chitwan National Park in Nepal (CNP), where several wildlife species are involved in conflicts with humans. We assessed the spatial relationships between the number of victims/km2 (=victim density or VD) of attack by wildlife (elephant, rhino,...

  7. Intra-articular Injections With Either Triamcinolone Hexacetonide, Stanozolol, Hylan G-F 20, or a Platelet Concentrate Improve Clinical Signs in Police Working Dogs With Bilateral Hip Osteoarthritis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: João C. Alves, Ana Santos, Patrícia Jorge, Catarina Lavrador, L. Miguel Carreira

    Objectives: To compare the effect of intra-articular treatment with triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH), stanozolol, hyaluronan, and a platelet concentrate in police working dogs with bilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design: Prospective, longitudinal, double-blinded, negative controlled...

  8. Ride Utah! Resiliency-Building Horse Rides for Military Personnel and Families

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karl H. Hoopes, Makenna Osborne

    To introduce and provide equine-related activities to military personnel and their families, Utah State University Equine Extension created and implemented an effective program called Ride Utah! Equine-related activities have been shown to improve mental health and build strong family...

  9. Impact of a Full Time Facility Dog on a University Campus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alisa Kim, Amanda Vanni

  10. Does Having a Pet Make You More Attractive?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog

    Research into the surprising connections between pet ownership and sex appeal.

  11. Guide dogs for the blind: A history

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bridget Kendall, Pieter van Niekerk, Karin Floesser

    We are now familiar with dogs helping people with sight loss but where did the idea come from? And how have the ways of selecting, training and using guide dogs changed over time? Bridget Kendall explores the history of guide dogs with Pieter van Niekerk, Head of Public Relations for the South...

  12. Circadian Rhythm of Salivary Immunoglobulin A and Associations with Cortisol as A Stress Biomarker in Captive Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tithipong Plangsangmas, Janine L. Brown, Chatchote Thitaram, Ayona Silva-Fletcher, Katie L. Edwards, Veerasak Punyapornwithaya, Patcharapa Towiboon, Chaleamchat Somgird

    Salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA) has been proposed as a potential indicator of welfare for various species, including Asian elephants, and may be related to adrenal cortisol responses. This study aimed to distinguish circadian rhythm effects on sIgA in male and female Asian elephants and...

  13. Reward Preferences in Domestic Horses (Equus caballus)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Elizabeth E. Jaeger

    The present study examined stress response in domestic horses (Equus caballus) to determine if horses show preference for either traditional or natural horsemanship training methods to test the hypothesis that natural horsemanship would induce less stress. Our results show that natural...

  14. Human-Carnivore Relations: Conflicts, Tolerance and Coexistence in the American West

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mónica Expósito-Granados, Antonio J Castro, Jorge Lozano, Jose A Aznar-Sanchez, Neil H Carter, Juan M Requena-Mullor, Aurelio F Malo, Agnieszka Olszańska, Zebensui Morales-Reyes, Marcos Moleón, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Ainara Cortés-Avizanda, Joern Fischer, Berta Martín-López

    Carnivore and humans live in proximity due to carnivore recovery efforts and ongoing human encroachment into carnivore habitats globally. The American West is a region that uniquely exemplifies these human-carnivore dynamics, however, it is unclear how the research community here integrates...

  15. The View of the French Dog Breeders in Relation to Female Reproduction, Maternal Care and Stress during the Peripartum Period

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Natalia R. dos Santos, Alexandra Beck, Alain Fontbonne

    In France, as in many other western countries, dogs are an important part of the society as pets or working animals. The exact demand for puppies in France is unknown, as is the proportion of dogs coming from different breeding sources. Nevertheless, the origin of puppies is important since...

  16. Displays of Jealousy in Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cassandra D. Beck

    Wolves (Canis Lupis) were domesticated into the common dog (Canis Familiaris) at least 15 thousand years ago. The domestication process changed wolves both physically and neurologically. Dogs now have a unique connection with humans, and display many of the same personality traits and cognitive...

  17. Effects of Transport Conditions on Behavioural and Physiological Responses of Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Sharanne L Raidal

    The regulations for minimal space and direction of travel for land transport in horses vary worldwide and there is currently no definitive guidance to promote equine health and welfare. This study evaluated the effects of bay size and direction of travel (forwards/backwards) in horses by...

  18. Therapy Dogs of Santa Barbara

    Full-text: Available

    The mission of Therapy Dogs of Santa Barbara is to empower people to live more fulfilling lives through the human-animal bond.

  19. A Treatment Plan for Dogs (Canis familiaris) That Show Impaired Social Functioning towards Their Owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Joke Monteny, Christel Palmyre Henri Moons

    Many domestic dogs are uncomfortable when humans perform trivial and benign actions that the animals perceive as threatening. A common technique for addressing canine emotional discomfort involves desensitization, where the intensity of a problematic stimulus is gradually increased while the...

  20. Epidemiological Study of Pesticide Poisoning in Domestic Animals and Wildlife in Portugal: 2014–2020

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andreia Grilo, Anabela Moreira, Belmira Carrapiço, Adriana Belas, Berta São Braz

    Nowadays the intentional poisoning of domestic and wild animals is a crime in the European Union (EU), but as in the past the poison is still used in rural areas of a number of European countries to kill animals that were considered harmful for human activities. From January 2014 up until...