Reduced heart rate variability in pet dogs affected by anxiety-related behaviour problems
Contributor(s):: Wormald, D., Lawrence, A. J., Carter, G., Fisher, A. D.
Physiological and Behavioral Responses of Horses to Wither Scratching and Patting the Neck When Under Saddle
Contributor(s):: Thorbergson, Z. W., Nielsen, S. G., Beaulieu, R. J., Doyle, R. E.
The psychological and physiological effects of using a therapy dog in mindfulness training
Contributor(s):: Henry, C. L., Crowley, S. L.
The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...
Effects of mother versus artificial rearing during the first 12 weeks of life on challenge responses of dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Wagner, K., Seitner, D., Barth, K., Palme, R., Futschik, A., Waiblinger, S.
We investigated the effects of mother versus artificial rearing on the responses to a social and a non-social challenge in adulthood. Rearing of treatment groups only differed during the first 12 weeks of life. Artificially reared animals were separated from their mothers within 24 h after birth...
Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability
Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.
Although physical human-dog interactions have an important influence on the human-dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human-dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human-dog contact on the...
Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
The reinforcing value of physical contact and the effect on canine heart rate of grooming in different anatomical areas
Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Righetti, J., Thomson, P. C.
The human-animal relationship frequently involves physical touch, and this may have benefits for both participants. Grooming of horses at the withers has a calming effect on recipients, a phenomenon regularly used to reward horses. No studies on the effect on heart rate of grooming in different...
Heart rate variability during a working memory task: does touching a dog or person affect the response?
Contributor(s):: Gee, N. R., Friedmann, E., Stendahl, M., Fisk, A., Coglitore, V.
The presence of a dog has been associated with reduced responses to stressors in several, but not all, previous studies. The presence of a dog has also been related to improved performance on some cognitive tasks. The current study was designed to evaluate the effect of touching a dog on stress...
The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases
Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.
Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...
Physiological effects of human-animal positive interaction in dogs - review of the literature
Contributor(s):: Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Pop-Vancia, V., Papuc, I., Constantinescu, R., Miresan, V.
Positive human-animal interactions (HAI) are known to increase the quality of life in both humans and dogs. Although there are several reviews on the benefits of HAI in humans, there are no reviews on the effects of positive HAI in dogs. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide a review of...
Importance of bringing dogs in contact with children during their socialization period for better behavior
Contributor(s):: Arai, S., Ohtani, N., Ohta, M.
A nonnatural head-neck position ( Rollkur ) during training results in less acute stress in elite, trained, dressage horses
Contributor(s):: Breda, E. van
This study measured parameters of stress in recreational, trained horses (REC; n=7) and elite (International Grand Prix level) trained, dressage horses (DRES; n=5). The training of the DRES horses uses an unnatural head-neck position (Rollkur), whereas in the REC horses such training techniques...
Assessing the rider's seat and horse's behavior: difficulties and perspectives. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)
Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, M. Z., Aronsson, A., Hartmann, E., Reenen, C. G. van, Keeling, L.
A correct seat and position are the basis for a good performance in horseback riding. This study aimed to measure deviations from the correct seat, test a seat improvement program (dismounted exercises), and investigate whether horse behaviour was affected by the rider's seat. Five experienced...
Do audible and ultrasonic sounds of intensities common in animal facilities affect the autonomic nervous system of rodents?
Contributor(s):: Burwell, A. K., Baldwin, A. L.
In animal facilities, noises, often poorly controlled, occur over a wide range of frequencies and intensities. Evidence demonstrates that audible noise and ultrasound have deleterious effects on rodent physiology, but it is not known how they affect the autonomic nervous system (ANS). This study...
Is it a good idea to train fillies and colts separately?
Contributor(s):: Janczarek, I., Kedzierski, W.
This study compared the physiological response to novel situations in sex-separated and sex-mixed groups of horses, as measured by heart rate (HR). The study evaluated the possibility of training horses in a mixed-sex system. The study included 41 Purebred Arabian 21/2-year-olds during their...
The physiological and behavioural impact of sensory contact among unfamiliar adult mice in the laboratory
Contributor(s):: Rettich, A., Kasermann, H. P., Pelczar, P., Burki, K., Arras, M.
Housing mice in the laboratory in groups enables social interaction and is the way a laboratory should house mice. However, adult males show reciprocal aggression and are therefore frequently housed individually. Alternatively, a grid divider, which allows sensory contact by sight and smell but...
The welfare of young Polish Konik horses subjected to agricultural workload
Contributor(s):: Kedzierski, W., Pluta, M.
Every year a new group of young Polish Konik colts are separated from the forest herds to be trained in the stable breeding system. The aim of this study was to evaluate how the young Polish Konik horses who had been born in a forest reserve adapt to and tolerate draft work. Two groups of 6...
Trailer loading stress in horses: behavioral and physiological effects of nonaversive training (TTEAM)
Contributor(s):: Shanahan, S.
Resistance in the horse to trailer loading is a common source of stress and injury to horses and their handlers. The objective of this study was to determine whether non-aversive training based on the Tellington-Touch Equine Awareness Method (TTEAM; Tellington-Jones & Bruns, 1988) would decrease...
Behavioral and cardiac responses by dogs to physical human-dog contact
Measures of behavioral responses and cardiovascular parameters to evaluate and assess animal well-being are well established. A major aspect of companion animal well-being seems to originate from direct human-animal interaction. For pet dogs, the manner in which they obtain and respond to petting...
The effects of restriction of movement on the reliability of heart rate variability measurements in the horse ( Equus caballus)
Contributor(s):: Vitale, V., Balocchi, R., Varanini, M., Sgorbini, M., Macerata, A., Sighieri, C., Baragli, P.
Analysis of heart rate variability (HRV) is a noninvasive approach for investigating the sympathovagal balance of the autonomic nervous system. In recent years, HRV has been increasingly evaluated in animal research. In horses, it has been suggested that basal resting conditions can be achieved...