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  1. A preliminary study of the physiological and behavioral response of beef cattle to unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)

    Contributor(s):: Abdulai, Gabriel, Sama, Michael, Jackson, Joshua

  2. A systematic review o f the potential uses of on-animal sensors to monitor the welfare of sheep evaluated using the Five Domains Model as a framework

    Contributor(s):: Fogarty, E. S., Swain, D. L., Cronin, G. M., Trotter, M.

  3. Redefining human-animal relationships: an evaluation of methods to allow their empirical measurement in zoos

    Contributor(s):: Patel, F., Whitehouse-Tedd, K., Ward, S. J.

  4. Measuring piglet castration pain using linear and non-linear measures of heart rate variability

    Contributor(s):: Byrd, C. J., Radcliffe, J. S., Craig, B. A., Eicher, S. D., Lay, D. C.

  5. Using technology to monitor and improve zoo animal welfare

    Contributor(s):: Whitham, J. C., Miller, L. J.

  6. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  7. Investigation of Physiological and Behavioral Responses in Dogs Participating in Animal-Assisted Therapy with Children Diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Melco, A. L., Goldman, L., Fine, A. H., Peralta, J. M.

  8. The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...

  9. Prenatal stress puzzle, the oxytocin piece: Prenatal stress alters the behaviour and autonomic regulation in piglets, insights from oxytocin

    | Contributor(s):: Rault, Jean-Loup, Mack, Laurie A., Carter, C. Sue, Garner, Joseph P., Marchant-Forde, Jeremy N., Richert, Brian T., Lay, Donald C.

    Developmental changes in response to prenatal stressors (PNS) can result in anxiety and abnormal social development in the offspring. Oxytocin (OT) reduces anxiety, whereas OT deficiencies are associated with social behaviour deficits. Hence, we hypothesized that OT could reverse some of the PNS...

  10. An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Noble, Glenys K., Blackshaw, Kathryn L., Cowling, Ann, Harris, Patricia A., Sillence, Martin N.

    Several tests have been devised in an attempt to detect behaviour modification due to training, supplements or diet in horses. These tests rely on subjective observations in combination with physiological measures, such as heart rate (HR) and plasma cortisol concentrations, but these measures...

  11. A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat

    This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...

  12. Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: Validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability

    | Contributor(s):: Kuhne, Franziska, Hößler, Johanna C., Struwe, Rainer

    Although physical human–dog interactions have an important influence on the human–dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human–dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human–dog contact on the...

  13. The effects of transport, riot control training and night patrols on the workload and stress of mounted police horses

    | Contributor(s):: Munsters, Carolien C. B. M., van den Broek, Jan, van Weeren, René, Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, Marianne M.

    Quantifying and evaluating police work is essential to avoid behavioural problems, minimise wastage and maximise welfare of police horses. Behavioural and physiological measures were used to assess the workload and/or stress police horses experience during police work. Further, the influence of...

  14. Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training

    | Contributor(s):: König von Borstel, Uta, Pasing, Stephanie, Gauly, Matthias

    Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...

  15. Do pigs distinguish between situations of different emotional valences during anticipation?

    | Contributor(s):: Imfeld-Mueller, Sabrina, Van Wezemael, Lea, Stauffacher, Markus, Gygax, Lorenz, Hillmann, Edna

    An animal's welfare is strongly affected by its emotional state. Thus, many recent studies have focused on measuring the emotional states and responses of animals. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on assessing positive emotions, although it is widely accepted that positive emotions are...

  16. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    | Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  17. Indicators of stress in equitation

    | Contributor(s):: König v. Borstel, U., Visser, E. K., Hall, C.

    Stress is a generic concept describing the body’s reaction to external stimuli, including both physiological and psychological factors. Therefore, by definition, the assessment of psychological stress in the exercising horse encompasses the problem of teasing apart the psychological and...

  18. Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home

    | Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire

    Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...

  19. Comparative well-being of horses kept under total or partial confinement prior to employment for mounted patrols

    | Contributor(s):: Pessoa, Gabriela O., Trigo, Pablo, Mesquita Neto, Francisco D., Lacreta Junior, Antônio C. C., Sousa, Ticiana M., Muniz, Joel A., Moura, Raquel S.

    Horses kept in stables may exhibit undesirable behaviours and stress during police service. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of confinement, i.e., time in stalls, on horse behaviour and welfare employed by mounted patrols in urban areas. Eight adult horses were subjected...

  20. A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing

    | Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek

    Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...