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Tags: Heart rate + Behavior and behavior mechanisms

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  1. Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training

    Contributor(s):: König von Borstel, Uta, Pasing, Stephanie, Gauly, Matthias

    Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...

  2. Do pigs distinguish between situations of different emotional valences during anticipation?

    Contributor(s):: Imfeld-Mueller, Sabrina, Van Wezemael, Lea, Stauffacher, Markus, Gygax, Lorenz, Hillmann, Edna

    An animal's welfare is strongly affected by its emotional state. Thus, many recent studies have focused on measuring the emotional states and responses of animals. However, there is still a lack of knowledge on assessing positive emotions, although it is widely accepted that positive emotions are...

  3. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  4. Indicators of stress in equitation

    Contributor(s):: König v. Borstel, U., Visser, E. K., Hall, C.

    Stress is a generic concept describing the body’s reaction to external stimuli, including both physiological and psychological factors. Therefore, by definition, the assessment of psychological stress in the exercising horse encompasses the problem of teasing apart the psychological and...

  5. Validity and reliability of cardiac measures during behavioural tests in pet dogs at home

    Contributor(s):: Lensen, Rian C. M. M., Betremieux, Cécile, Bavegems, Valérie, Sys, Stanislas U., Moons, Christel P. H., Diederich, Claire

    Behavioural tests are often used to describe dogs’ responses to a variety of stimuli. However, the expressed behaviours do not always give an accurate indication of the dogs’ mental state. Cardiac measures can be recorded in parallel to the behavioural test to provide additional information about...

  6. Comparative well-being of horses kept under total or partial confinement prior to employment for mounted patrols

    Contributor(s):: Pessoa, Gabriela O., Trigo, Pablo, Mesquita Neto, Francisco D., Lacreta Junior, Antônio C. C., Sousa, Ticiana M., Muniz, Joel A., Moura, Raquel S.

    Horses kept in stables may exhibit undesirable behaviours and stress during police service. The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of confinement, i.e., time in stalls, on horse behaviour and welfare employed by mounted patrols in urban areas. Eight adult horses were subjected...

  7. A two-stage method to approach weaning stress in horses using a physical barrier to prevent nursing

    Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, DuBois, Cordelie, Marshall, Kaitlyn, Parois, Severine, Graham, Laura, Haley, Derek

    Many domestic horses are weaned through abrupt physical separation of the foal and mare. Deviations from normal behaviours testify that this abrupt method has an adverse effect on the well-being of both mares and foals. To reduce negative changes in behaviour and physiology induced by weaning, a...

  8. Cage size affects comfort, safety and the experienced security of working dogs in cars

    Contributor(s):: Skånberg, Lena, Gauffin, Oskar, Norling, Yezica, Lindsjö, Johan, Keeling, Linda J.

    Working dogs often spend a large amount of their time in cars. It has been hypothesized that a larger compartment in the car would be more comfortable for the dog, but that a smaller space could be safer, especially while driving. This presents a potential conflict. In this study, working dogs of...

  9. Behavioural and physiological responses of therapy horses to mentally traumatized humans

    Contributor(s):: Merkies, Katrina, McKechnie, Marnie J., Zakrajsek, Emily

    The benefits to humans of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) have been well-researched, however few studies have analyzed the effects on the horse. Understanding how differing mental states of humans affect the behaviour and response of the horse can assist in providing optimal outcomes for both horse...

  10. Evaluation of different habituation protocols for training dairy jennies to the milking parlor: Effect on milk yield, behavior, heart rate and salivary cortisol

    Contributor(s):: De Palo, Pasquale, Maggiolino, Aristide, Albenzio, Marzia, Caroprese, Mariangela, Centoducati, Pasquale, Tateo, Alessandra

    The aim of the trial was to apply different habituation protocols for machine milking to never machine-milked donkeys observing the effect on behavior, heart rate, salivary cortisol concentration and milk yield. Sixty lactating dairy donkeys were studied; the animals were divided into three...

  11. Reduced heart rate variability in pet dogs affected by anxiety-related behaviour problems

    Contributor(s):: Wormald, D., Lawrence, A. J., Carter, G., Fisher, A. D.

  12. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling--Comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

  13. Physiological and Behavioral Responses of Horses to Wither Scratching and Patting the Neck When Under Saddle

    Contributor(s):: Thorbergson, Z. W., Nielsen, S. G., Beaulieu, R. J., Doyle, R. E.

  14. Heart rate changes in the horse to human contact

    Contributor(s):: Lynch, J. J., Fregin, G. F., Mackie, J. B., Monroe, R. R., Jr.

  15. Social responding in dogs: heart rate changes to a person

    Contributor(s):: Lynch, J. J., McCarthy, J. F.

  16. Emotions in dogs being petted by a familiar or unfamiliar person: validating behavioural indicators of emotional states using heart rate variability

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F., Hossler, J. C., Struwe, R.

    Although physical human-dog interactions have an important influence on the human-dog relationship, few studies have proposed the key factors of physical human-dog contact affecting the well-being of dogs. Therefore, our aim was to investigate the effect of physical human-dog contact on the...

  17. Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism

    Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...

  18. Assessing the rider's seat and horse's behavior: difficulties and perspectives. (Special Issue: Equitation science.)

    Contributor(s):: Blokhuis, M. Z., Aronsson, A., Hartmann, E., Reenen, C. G. van, Keeling, L.

    A correct seat and position are the basis for a good performance in horseback riding. This study aimed to measure deviations from the correct seat, test a seat improvement program (dismounted exercises), and investigate whether horse behaviour was affected by the rider's seat. Five experienced...

  19. Reduction of phobic behaviour for animals in a boy with mental retardation

    Contributor(s):: Arntzen, Erik, Almås, Inger Karin

    Presents a treatment programme to eliminate phobic behavior in an 11-yr-old mentally retarded boy when confronted with different animals, such as dogs, cats, cows, birds, horses, sheep, and rabbits. The intention was to determine the number of different types of dogs required to reach the desired...

  20. The physiological and behavioural impact of sensory contact among unfamiliar adult mice in the laboratory

    Contributor(s):: Rettich, A., Kasermann, H. P., Pelczar, P., Burki, K., Arras, M.

    Housing mice in the laboratory in groups enables social interaction and is the way a laboratory should house mice. However, adult males show reciprocal aggression and are therefore frequently housed individually. Alternatively, a grid divider, which allows sensory contact by sight and smell but...