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  1. Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism

    Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...

  2. Physiological effects of human-animal positive interaction in dogs - review of the literature

    Contributor(s):: Pop, D., Rusu, A. S., Pop-Vancia, V., Papuc, I., Constantinescu, R., Miresan, V.

    Positive human-animal interactions (HAI) are known to increase the quality of life in both humans and dogs. Although there are several reviews on the benefits of HAI in humans, there are no reviews on the effects of positive HAI in dogs. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to provide a review of...

  3. Fecal concentrations of cortisol, testosterone, and progesterone in cotton-top tamarins housed in different zoological parks: relationships among physiological data, environmental conditions, and behavioral patterns

    Contributor(s):: Fontani, S., Vaglio, S., Beghelli, V., Mattioli, M., Bacci, S., Accorsi, P. A.

    The aim of this investigation was to study the welfare of 3 captive groups of cotton-top tamarins housed in different zoological parks. Ethological observations were conducted during 1 year. In addition, fecal samples were collected and the concentrations of glucocorticoids, androgens, and...

  4. Physiological responses in wild broodstocks of the Caspian Kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum) subjected to transportation stress

    Contributor(s):: Nikoo, M., Falahatkar, B.

  5. Effect of gestation management system on gilt and piglet performance

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manzanilla, E. G., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    Individual gestation housing of pregnant sows in stalls from four weeks after mating is banned in the EU. Two experiments were conducted to study the effect of two gestation management and housing systems (STALL: gilts housed in stalls and PEN: gilts loose-housed in pens with increased feed...

  6. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responses of horses to therapeutic riding program: effects of different riders

    Contributor(s):: Fazio, E., Medica, P., Cravana, C., Ferlazzo, A.

  7. Measuring faecal glucocorticoid metabolites as a non-invasive tool for monitoring adrenocortical activity in South American camelids

    Contributor(s):: Arias, N., Requena, M., Palme, R.

  8. Stress measures in tail biters and bitten pigs in a matched case-control study

    Contributor(s):: Munsterhjelm, C., Brunberg, E., Heinonen, M., Keeling, L., Valros, A.

  9. Monitoring stress hormone metabolites as a useful, non-invasive tool for welfare assessment in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Palme, R.

  10. Oxytocin facilitates behavioural, metabolic and physiological adaptations during lactation. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Uvnas-Moberg, K., Johansson, B., Lupoli, B., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K.

    This article aims to propose that oxytocin not only stimulates milk letdown, but also adapts behaviour and physiology to facilitate lactation in mammals, including dairy cattle. Circulating oxytocin as well as neurogenic oxytocin participates in these regulatory processes. In short, oxytocin...

  11. The effect of two different housing conditions on the welfare of young horses stabled for the first time

    Contributor(s):: Visser, E. K., Ellis, A. D., Reenen, C. G. van

    The effect of stabling for the first time on the behaviour and welfare of young and naive horses has not yet been studied in detail. In this study we examined the effect of two typical housing systems on their subsequent behavioural and physiological responses upon first time stabling. Thirty-six...

  12. Behaviour and adrenal activity of first parturition and multiparous cows under a competitive situation

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez, M., Yabuta, A. K., Galindo, F.

    First parturition cows have to cope with several changes in their environment that can compromise their welfare and health. In addition to being separated from their calves they have to compete for eating and lying places with older and more experienced cows once they are introduced to the...

  13. Behavioural and physiological responses of calves to dehorning by heat cauterization with or without local anaesthesia

    Contributor(s):: Graf, B., Senn, M.

    Behavioural and physiological reactions to thermal dehorning were studied in separate groups of 4- to 6-week-old calves after injection of a local anaesthetic (A, 5 ml lidocaine, Lidocaine-Hyaluronidase 2

  14. Effects of acclimation to human interaction on performance, temperament, physiological responses, and pregnancy rates of Brahman-crossbred cows

    Contributor(s):: Cooke, R. F., Arthington, J. D., Araujo, D. B., Lamb, G. C.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate, over 2 consecutive years, the effects of acclimation to human interaction on performance, temperament, plasma concentrations of hormones and metabolites, and pregnancy rates of Brahman-crossbred cows. A total of 160 Braford and 235 Brahman x British...

  15. Social behaviour and adrenal cortical activity in heifers

    Contributor(s):: Adeyemo, O., Heath, E.

    Heifers of the German Brown Swiss, Holstein and White Fulani cattle were observed before, during and after a training. Individual and social behaviour were observed while the animals were under free housing in the pen, grazing in the paddock and while filing through the crush and the passage...

  16. A novel environment inhibits milk ejection in the pig but not through HPA activity

    Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Ladewig, J., Passille, A. M. B. de

    Six sows (3-14 days postpartum) were placed with their piglets in a different farrowing pen (novel environment) for 2 h or were driven into the new pen then immediately returned to their own pen (control). All sows were subject to both treatments over 2 consecutive days. Nursings were recorded as...

  17. Development of tongue-playing in artificially reared calves: effects of offering a dummy-teat, feeding of short cut hay and housing system

    Contributor(s):: Seo, T., Sato, S., Kosaka, K., Sakamoto, N., Tokumoto, K., Katoh, K.

    16 artificially reared Japanese Black calves were divided into 6 groups: offered a dummy teat or not; given short or long cut hay; and housed individually or in a group. Grooming as common displacement behaviour and physiological stress indicators such as plasma ACTH and cortisol concentration...

  18. Effects of shelter and body condition on the behaviour and physiology of dairy cattle in winter

    Contributor(s):: Tucker, C. B., Rogers, A. R., Verkerk, G. A., Kendall, P. E., Webster, J. R., Matthews, L. R.

    Our objective was to understand how body condition and shelter affected behavioural and physiological responses of dairy cattle during winter weather. Twenty non-lactating dairy cows were divided into two groups of 10. Within each group, five animals had a high body condition score (9 out of 10)...

  19. Evaluation of plasma cortisol levels and behavior in dogs wearing bark control collars

    Contributor(s):: Steiss, J. E., Schaffer, C., Ahmad, H. A., Voith, V. L.

    On wk -1, 24 healthy mixed breed kennel dogs were screened by physical examination, complete blood count, serum biochemistry, and plasma cortisol measurement. Dogs were tested to ensure they barked at an unfamiliar dog. Dogs were randomly assigned to control, electronic bark collar or lemon spray...

  20. Stereotypies and cortisol secretion in heifers subjected to tethering

    Contributor(s):: Redbo, I.

    The aims of this study were to assess the effect of tethering on environmentally induced stereotypies and urine cortisol concentrations in Swedish Red and White heifers, and to analyse a possible relationship between the performance of stereotypies and cortisol concentration. Three groups of...