Dogs fail to reciprocate the receipt of food from a human in a food-giving task
| Contributor(s):: Jim McGetrick, Lisa Poncet, Marietta Amann, Johannes Schullern- Schrattenhofen, Leona Fux, Mayte Martinez, Friederike Range
Domestic dogs have been shown to reciprocate help received from conspecifics in food-giving tasks. However, it is not yet known whether dogs also reciprocate help received from humans. Here, we investigated whether dogs reciprocate the receipt of food from humans. In an experience phase,...
A Survey of Veterinarian Attitudes Toward Prepubertal Desexing of Dogs and Cats in the Australian Capital Territory
| Contributor(s):: Bronwyn Orr, Bidda Jones
Prepubertal desexing (neutering) has been a legal requirement for all cats and dogs in the Australian Capital Territory since 2001. All cats have to be desexed by 3 months of age, and all dogs are required to be desexed by 6 months of age. The role of veterinary attitudes and behaviors in the...
Owner and Cat-Related Risk Factors for Feline Overweight or Obesity
| Contributor(s):: Meredith Wall, Nick John Cave, Emilie Vallee
Feline obesity is a highly prevalent disease that poses an urgent and serious challenge. Attempted treatment by weight reduction is often unsuccessful; a new preventative approach that focuses on the role of the owner may be helpful. This study used data collected from an international survey...
Clinical and Immunological Response in Dogs Naturally Infected by L. infantum Treated with a Nutritional Supplement
| Contributor(s):: Pietro Lombardi, Anna Teresa Palatucci, Angela Giovazzino, Vincenzo Mastellone, Giuseppina Ruggiero, Valentina Rubino, Nadia Musco, Rosalia Crupi, Monica Isabella Cutrignelli, Domenico Britti, Giuseppe Vassalotti, Giuseppe Terrazzano, Laura Cortese
The use of nutraceuticals as immunomodulators in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis has generated interest in the current approaches to treat the disease. In this clinical and immunological study, we investigated whether the administration of a nutritional supplement mediates the...
Roxy Therapy Dogs
Roxy™ Therapy Dogs is an all-volunteer, 501(c)3 non-profit organization. Our programs provide an irreplaceable and dependable support system for children in the Central Bucks County, Pennsylvania community. Our trained and certified therapy dogs deliver self-esteem, relief from anxiety...
Non-invasive Assessment of Fecal Stress Biomarkers in Hunting Dogs During Exercise and at Rest
| Contributor(s):: Augusta Zannoni, Marco Pietra, Alba Gaspardo, Pier Attilio Accorsi, Monica Barone, Silvia Turroni, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Patrizia Brigidi, Monica Forni
Intense exercise causes to organisms to have oxidative stress and inflammation at the gastrointestinal (GI) level. The reduction in intestinal blood flow and the exercise-linked thermal damage to the intestinal mucosa can cause intestinal barrier disruption, followed by an inflammatory...
Changes of Oxytocin and Serotonin Values in Dialysis Patients after Animal Assisted Activities (AAAs) with a Dog—A Preliminary Study
| Contributor(s):: Lucia Francesca Menna, Antonio Santaniello, Alessia Amato, Giuseppe Ceparano, Annamaria Di Maggio, Mario Sansone, Pietro Formisano, Ilaria Cimmino, Giuseppe Perruolo, Alessandro Fioretti
Our study aimed to measure the levels of serotonin and oxytocin in patients affected by end-stage renal disease (ESRD), undergoing dialysis and participating in a program of animal-assisted activities (AAAs) with a dog. Ten patients with comparable levels of ESRD were enrolled. A blood sample...
Diagnosis of Feline Food Sensitivity and Intolerance Using Saliva: 1000 Cases
| Contributor(s):: W. Jean Dodds
This prospective study assessed the efficacy of a novel saliva-based immunoassay of IgA- and IgM-antibodies in predicting feline food sensitivities and intolerances. Clinical samples were obtained from 1000 cats proven or suspected to have food intolerances. Most were of domestic shorthair...
Communicating canine and human emotions
| Contributor(s):: Juliane Bräuer, Karine Silva, Stefan R. Schweinberger
Kujala (2017) reviews a topic of major relevance for the understanding of the special dog-human relationship: canine emotions (as seen through human social cognition). This commentary draws attention to the communication of emotions within such a particular social context. It highlights...
Irish Equine Industry Stakeholder Perspectives of Objective Technology for Biomechanical Analyses in the Field
| Contributor(s):: Sonja Egan, Pieter Brama, Denise McGrath
Wearable sensing technologies are increasingly used in human and equine gait research to improve ecological validity of research findings. It is unclear how these tools have penetrated the equine industry or what perspectives industry stakeholders’ hold in relation to these relatively new...
Automatic Classification of Cat Vocalizations Emitted in Different Contexts
| Contributor(s):: Stavros Ntalampiras, Luca Andrea Ludovico, Giorgio Presti, Emanuela Prato Previde, Monica Battini, Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Silvana Mattiello
Cats employ vocalizations for communicating information, thus their sounds can carry a wide range of meanings. Concerning vocalization, an aspect of increasing relevance directly connected with the welfare of such animals is its emotional interpretation and the recognition of the production...
Dogs consciously experience emotions: The question is, which?.
| Contributor(s):: Ralph Adolphs
I discuss three themes related to Kujala’s target article. First, the wealth of emerging data on cognitive studies in dogs will surely show that dogs have a very rich repertoire of cognitive processes, for most of which we find homologues in humans. Second, understanding the internal...
Tackett Service Dogs
Fake Service Dogs: Leading by Example
| Contributor(s):: Joshua Ferguson
This qualitative research examines public awareness pertaining to the protocols surrounding service dogs and their handlers, known collectively as the service team. The use of service dogs has been on the increase as more people discover the benefits provided by service dogs. The increase in...
Friday essay: the cultural meanings of wild horses
| Contributor(s):: Michael J. Adams
From 30,000-year-old cave paintings to The Man From Snowy River, wild horses have always been part of human culture. As Australia debates what to do with 'brumbies' in mountain environments, it's time to reconsider their place.
Psychological and Physical Benefits of Interactions with Horses
| Contributor(s):: Jillian Hatcher, Clay Cavinder, Courtney P. Heaton, Lesli Figueiredo, Alex Holtcamp, Thu Dinh
Although much research exists concerning how horses can benefit people with specific debilitating impairments, relatively few studies have pursued what benefit horses offer people in the way of stress relief and improved quality of life. Study participants interacted with horses by grooming...
Change the Humans First: Principles for Improving the Management of Free-Roaming Cats
| Contributor(s):: Lynette J. McLeod, Donald W. Hine, Aaron B. Driver
In Australia, free-roaming cats can be found in urban and rural areas across the country. They are inherently difficult to manage but it is frequently human behaviour that demands the most attention and is in most need of change. To the frustration of policy makers and practitioners, scientific...
Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder
Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...
The Long Journey Home: Traveling with Beau
| Contributor(s):: Donald F. Smith
In Part 11 in a series of stories reflecting on a 2007 trip to Alaska with his dog, Beau, preparations were made for Doris to fly home while Dr. Smith and Beau retraced their route across North America. The remaining 10 days of the trip were relatively uneventful.
Development of a Robust Canine Welfare Assessment Protocol for Use in Dog (Canis Familiaris) Catch-Neuter-Return (CNR) Programmes
| Contributor(s):: Heather Bacon, Hayley Walters, Vlad Vancia, Louise Connelly, Natalie Waran
The aim of this study was to develop a welfare assessment tool based on objective, reliable and relevant measures to be applied to individual dogs as they underwent a Catch-Neuter-Return (CNR) programme. A modified Delphi method and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) approach...